Cover image for North American exploration
Title:
North American exploration
Author:
Golay, Michael, 1951-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New Jersey : J. Wiley, [2003]

©2003
Physical Description:
x, 518 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780471391487
Format :
Book

Available:*

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E101 .G637 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

A comprehensive, highly readable reference

This is an authoritative, one-stop resource for essential information on the exploration of North America, from alleged pre-Columbian explorers to polar expeditions in the twentieth century. Completely up-to-date in content and historical approach, the book is divided into seven sections, each covering a major area of exploration. Vivid, narrative entries bring to life early expeditions (e.g., African and Scandinavian voyages, real and apocryphal), voyages of European explorers, Western expeditions, and explorations of the Arctic. From the Atlantic seaboard to the Appalachians to the Mississippi to the northernmost regions, readers will discover the Native nations, geographical features, private and governmental institutions, and settlements that played a role in the history of exploring the continent. Maps, photos, and sidebars with lively first-person accounts from contemporary diaries, reports, and news accounts round out this thorough examination of the numerous adventures taken around the continent.

Michael Golay has published five books on American history, including most recently The Ruined Land. He lives in Exeter, New Hampshire.
John Bowman is the Editor of the Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography and numerous other reference works. He lives in Northampton, Massachusetts.


Author Notes

Michael Golay is a journalist & author of several books, including "The Ruined Land: The End of the Civil War". He lives in Exeter, NH.

(Bowker Author Biography)


Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. x
Introductionp. 1
Part I North America before Columbusp. 5
Africansp. 6
Antiliap. 7
Asiansp. 8
Bjarni Herjolfssonp. 10
Brendan, Saintp. 11
Bristol, Englandp. 12
Celtsp. 14
Day, Johnp. 15
Disputed claims for pre-Columbian contactsp. 16
Egyptiansp. 18
Erik the Redp. 18
Greeksp. 19
Greenlandp. 20
Hellulandp. 21
Henry the Navigatorp. 21
Irishp. 22
L'Anse aux Meadowsp. 22
Leif Erikssonp. 24
Libyansp. 26
Mapsp. 26
Marklandp. 32
Muslimsp. 32
Native Americansp. 33
Navigationp. 37
Newfoundlandp. 44
Norsep. 45
Phoeniciansp. 46
Pining and Pothorstp. 46
Piri Reis mapp. 47
Scolvus, Johannesp. 48
Sinclair, Henryp. 48
Skraelingsp. 49
Vinlandp. 49
Vinland Mapp. 52
Welshp. 53
Zeno brothersp. 54
Part II The Spanish Enter the New World, 1492-1635p. 56
Alarcon, Hernando dep. 58
Alvarado, Hernando dep. 58
Alvarado, Pedro dep. 59
Anian, Strait ofp. 61
Balboa, Vasco Nunez dep. 61
Bolanos, Francisco dep. 62
Bosque and Larios expeditionp. 62
Cabeza de Vaca, Alvar Nunezp. 62
Cabrillo, Juan Rodriguezp. 64
Carvajal y de la Cueva, Luis dep. 66
Castano de Sosa, Gasparp. 66
Cermeno, Sebastian Rodriguezp. 66
Columbus, Christopherp. 68
Coronado, Francisco Vasquez dep. 73
Cortes, Hernanp. 76
Cosa, Juan de lap. 78
Cubap. 79
Diaz, Melchiorp. 80
Diseasep. 80
Drake, Sir Francisp. 84
Espejo and Beltran expeditionp. 86
Estevanicop. 87
Fuca, Juan dep. 88
Gali, Franciscop. 90
Grijalva, Juan dep. 90
Gutierrez de Humana and Leyva de Bonilla expeditionp. 91
Hernandez de Cordoba, Francisco dep. 92
Hernandez de Cordoba, Francisco de (2)p. 93
Hispaniolap. 94
Jimenez, Fortunp. 95
Lavazares, Guido dep. 95
Legendary destinationsp. 96
Lopez de Cardenas, Garciap. 99
Marcos de Nizap. 99
Montejo, Franciscop. 101
Moscoso Alvarado, Luis dep. 102
Narvaez, Panfilo dep. 103
New Spainp. 104
Ocampo, Sebastianp. 105
Ojeda, Alonso dep. 106
Onate, Juan dep. 107
Papal bullsp. 109
Pizarro, Franciscop. 110
Possession, Spanish Act ofp. 110
Pueblo Indiansp. 112
Puerto Ricop. 114
Rodriguez, Agustinp. 115
Salas-Lopez expeditionp. 116
Tordesillas, Treaty ofp. 116
Ulloa, Francisco dep. 118
Unamuno, Pedro dep. 118
Vespucci, Amerigop. 119
Vizcaino, Sebastianp. 120
Zaldivar, Vicente dep. 122
Part III The Atlantic Seaboard, 1497-1680p. 123
Abenakip. 125
Acadiap. 126
Alaminos, Antonio dep. 126
Algonquinp. 127
Alvarez de Pineda, Alonsop. 128
Amadas-Barlowe expeditionp. 128
Ayllon, Lucas Vasquez dep. 129
Batts-Fallam expeditionp. 130
Beothukp. 131
Bland-Wood expeditionp. 132
Blue Ridge Mountainsp. 132
Bostonp. 133
Brule, Etiennep. 133
Bry, Theodore dep. 134
Byrd, William IIp. 135
Cabot, Johnp. 135
Cabot, Sebastianp. 138
Cape Codp. 138
Cartier, Jacquesp. 139
Champlain, Samuel dep. 145
Chesapeake Bayp. 148
Chozas and Salas expeditionp. 149
Corte-Real expeditionsp. 150
Fagundes, Joao Alvarezp. 150
Fernandes, Joaop. 151
Fernandez de Ecija, Franciscop. 151
Floridap. 152
Francois Ip. 153
Funk Islandp. 153
Gilbert, Sir Humphreyp. 154
Gomes, Estevaop. 155
Gonzalez, Vicentep. 156
Gosnold, Bartholomewp. 157
Grenville expeditionsp. 158
Hakluyt, Richardp. 160
Hariot, Thomasp. 161
Hochelagap. 162
Hore, Richardp. 162
Huronp. 162
Ingram, Davidp. 163
Jamestownp. 164
Jerome and Rocque expeditionp. 164
Labradorp. 165
Lane, Ralphp. 166
Lederer, Johnp. 167
Luna y Arellano, Tristan dep. 167
Martyr, Peterp. 168
Menendez de Aviles, Pedrop. 168
Needham and Arthur expeditionp. 170
Newfoundlandp. 171
New Francep. 172
Norumbegap. 172
Oldham, Johnp. 173
Pardo, Juanp. 173
Ponce de Leon, Juanp. 174
Quejo, Pedro dep. 175
Raleigh, Sir Walterp. 176
Ribaut and Laudonniere expeditionsp. 177
Roanoke Colonyp. 178
Roberval, Sieur dep. 180
Rut, Johnp. 181
Saguenayp. 181
St. Lawrence Riverp. 182
Sandford, Robertp. 182
Smith, Johnp. 183
Soto, Hernando dep. 184
Velazquez, Antoniop. 187
Verrazano, Giovanni dap. 187
Villafane, Angel dep. 191
Waymouth, Georgep. 192
Wood, Abrahamp. 193
Woodward, Henryp. 194
Part IV Exploring West of the Mississippi, 1635-1800p. 195
Agreda, Maria de Jesusp. 197
Aguayo, Marques de San Miguel dep. 198
Aguirre, Pedro dep. 199
Alarcon, Martin dep. 199
Anza, Juan Bautista dep. 200
Aranda, Miguel dep. 202
Barreiro, Francisco Alvarezp. 203
Barroto, Juan Enriquezp. 203
Bodega y Quadra, Juan Francisco de lap. 205
Casa Calvo, Sebastian Calvo de la Puerta y O'Farril, Marques dep. 207
Cook, Jamesp. 207
Del Rio, Domingop. 209
Escalante and Dominguez expeditionp. 210
Escandon, Jose dep. 211
Espinosa, Isidro Felix dep. 212
Espinosa-Olivares-Aguirre expeditionp. 212
Evia, Jose Antonio dep. 213
Fages, Pedrop. 214
Finiels, Nicolas dep. 215
Garces, Francisco Tomasp. 216
Grenier, Chevalierp. 217
Guadalajara, Diego dep. 217
Hezeta, Bruno dep. 218
Kino, Eusebio Franciscop. 220
La Perouse, Jean-Francois Galaup, Comte dep. 221
Leon, Alonso dep. 222
Malaspina, Alejandrop. 224
Martin-Castillo expeditionp. 225
Martinez, Esteban Josep. 225
Mendoza-Lopez expeditionp. 227
Olivares, Antonio de San Buenaventura yp. 228
Ortiz Parrilla, Diegop. 228
Perez, Juan Jose Perez Hernandezp. 229
Pez and Lopez de Gamarra expeditionp. 230
Portola, Gaspar dep. 231
Posada, Alonso dep. 233
Quimper, Manuelp. 234
Rivas and Iriarte expeditionp. 235
Rivera, Juan Maria dep. 235
Rivera, Pedro dep. 236
Rivera y Moncada, Fernando dep. 237
Rubi, Maria Pignatelli Rubi Corbera y San Climent, Marques dep. 238
Serra, Father Juniperop. 239
Sutil and Mexicana expeditionp. 242
Teran de los Rios, Domingo dep. 243
Uribarri, Juan dep. 244
Valverde y Cosio, Antoniop. 245
Vargas, Diego Jose dep. 246
Villasur, Pedro dep. 247
Part V From the Appalachians to the Mississippi, 1540-1840p. 248
Albanel, Charlesp. 250
Allouez, Claude Jeanp. 251
Appalachian Mountainsp. 251
Bartram, Johnp. 252
Beranger, Jeanp. 253
Bienville, Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur dep. 254
Blanpain, Josephp. 255
Bond, Williamp. 255
Boone, Danielp. 256
Brebeuf, Jean dep. 258
Cadillac, Antoine de La Mothep. 258
Cahokiap. 259
Carver, Jonathanp. 260
Catesby, Markp. 261
Celoron de Blainville, Pierre-Josephp. 262
Charlevoix, Pierre Francois Xavier dep. 263
Chaussegros de Lery, Gaspard-Josephp. 263
Cherokeep. 264
Chickasawp. 264
Choctawp. 265
Collot, Georges Henri Victorp. 265
Couture, Jeanp. 267
Creek Confederacyp. 267
Cumberland Gapp. 268
Dablon, Claudep. 269
Daumont de Saint-Lusson, Simon Francoisp. 270
Delawarep. 270
Derbanne, Francois Guyon Des Presp. 271
Dollier and Galinee expeditionp. 272
Druillettes, Gabrielp. 273
Dulhut, Daniel Greysolonp. 274
Dunbar, Williamp. 275
Dutisne, Claude-Charlesp. 276
Fort Michilimackinacp. 277
Freeman, Thomasp. 277
Gist, Christopherp. 279
Grosseilliers and Radisson expeditionsp. 280
Hennepin, Louisp. 282
Iberville, Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur d'p. 283
Illinoisp. 284
Jesuit missionariesp. 285
Jogues, Isaacp. 286
Jolliet and Marquette expeditionp. 287
Kelsey, Henryp. 289
Lahontan, Louis-Armand de Lom d'Arce, Baron dep. 290
La Salle, Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur dep. 291
Le Sueur, Pierre-Charlesp. 293
Louisianap. 294
Mezieres, Athanase dep. 294
Miamip. 295
Michaux, Andrep. 296
Mississippi Riverp. 297
Montrealp. 298
Nicolet, Jeanp. 298
Nicollet, Joseph Nicolasp. 299
Nolan, Philipp. 300
Noyon, Jacques dep. 301
Ohio Riverp. 301
Pere, Jeanp. 302
Robutel de la Noue, Zachariep. 303
Rogers, Robertp. 303
Roseboom, Johannesp. 304
Sagean, Mathieup. 305
Saint-Denis, Louis Juchereau dep. 306
Schoolcraft, Henry Rowep. 307
Siouxp. 307
Spotswood, Alexanderp. 309
Tonty, Henrip. 309
Viele, Arnoldp. 310
Walker, Thomasp. 311
Welch, Thomasp. 312
Part VI Across the North American Continent, 1720-1880p. 313
American Fur Companyp. 315
Ashley, William Henryp. 316
Astor, John Jacobp. 317
Bannockp. 317
Benton, Thomas Hartp. 318
Bent's Fortp. 318
Bidwell, Johnp. 318
Blackfootp. 319
Bonneville, Benjamin Louis Eulalie dep. 319
Bourgmond, Etienne Venard dep. 320
Bridger, Jamesp. 322
Broughton, Henryp. 322
California Trailp. 323
Carson, Kitp. 324
Chouteau, Auguste Pierrep. 324
Clark, Williamp. 325
Colter, Johnp. 325
Columbia Riverp. 326
Continental Dividep. 327
Corps of Topographical Engineersp. 328
Davis, Jeffersonp. 328
De Voto, Bernard Augustinep. 329
Dutton, Clarencep. 329
Emory, William H.p. 330
Fidler, Peterp. 331
Fitzpatrick, Thomasp. 332
Fort Astoriap. 332
Fort Hallp. 333
Fort Laramiep. 333
Fort Vancouverp. 334
Fraser, Simonp. 334
Fremont, Jessie Bentonp. 335
Fremont, John Charlesp. 336
Grand Canyonp. 340
Grand Teton Mountainsp. 340
Gray, Robertp. 341
Great American Desertp. 341
Gros Ventrep. 342
Hayden, Ferdinand Vandeveerp. 343
Henday, Anthonyp. 343
Henry, Andrewp. 344
Holmes, William H.p. 344
Hudson's Bay Companyp. 345
Humboldt Riverp. 347
Hunt, Wilson Pricep. 348
Irving, Washingtonp. 348
Ives and Macomb surveysp. 349
Jefferson, Thomasp. 350
King, Clarencep. 351
La Harpe, Jean-Baptiste Benard, Sieur dep. 352
La Verendrye, Pierre Gaultier Varenne, Sieur dep. 353
Lewis, Meriwetherp. 353
Lewis and Clark expeditionp. 354
Lisa, Manuelp. 358
Long, Stephen H.p. 359
Louisiana Purchasep. 360
Mackay-Evans expeditionp. 361
Mackenzie, Alexanderp. 361
Mackenzie, Donaldp. 365
Mallet expeditionsp. 365
Manifest Destinyp. 366
Marcy, Randolph Barnesp. 367
Missouri Riverp. 367
Muir, Johnp. 368
North West Companyp. 369
Ogden, Peter Skenep. 369
Oregon Trailp. 370
Pacific Railroad surveysp. 371
Palliser and Hind surveysp. 372
Parker, Samuelp. 373
Pattie, James Ohiop. 374
Pike, Zebulonp. 375
Platte Riverp. 376
Pond, Peterp. 377
Powell, John Wesleyp. 378
Rocky Mountainsp. 380
St. Louisp. 381
Sierra Nevadap. 382
Smith, Jedediahp. 382
Stuart, Robertp. 384
Sublette, Williamp. 386
Thompson, Davidp. 386
U.S. Geological Surveyp. 388
Vancouver, Georgep. 389
Warren, Gouverneur Kemblep. 389
Wheeler, George M.p. 390
Wilkes exploring expeditionp. 392
Yellowstone expeditionsp. 393
Part VII The Arctic and Northernmost Regions, 1576-1992p. 394
Amundsen, Roaldp. 396
Anderson, Williamp. 399
Back, Georgep. 401
Baffin, Williamp. 401
Baffin Islandp. 402
Baranov, Alexander Andreevichp. 403
Bartlett, Robert A.p. 404
Bering, Vitusp. 405
Bernier, Joseph-Elzearp. 407
Boyd, Louise Arnerp. 409
Button, Thomasp. 410
Bylot, Robertp. 410
Byrd, Richard Evelynp. 410
Campbell, Robertp. 413
Coats, Williamp. 414
Collinson, Richardp. 416
Cook, Frederick Albertp. 417
Davis, Johnp. 418
Dease, Peter Warrenp. 420
DeLong, George Washingtonp. 422
Dezhnev, Semen Ivanovichp. 423
Ellesmere Islandp. 424
Foxe, Lukep. 424
Franklin, Lady Janep. 425
Franklin, Johnp. 425
Frobisher, Sir Martinp. 431
Glazunov, Andreip. 432
Greely, Adolphus Washingtonp. 432
Hall, Charles Francisp. 433
Harriman expeditionp. 435
Hayes, Isaacp. 437
Hearne, Samuelp. 438
Henson, Matthewp. 440
Herbert, Sir (Walter William) Wallyp. 443
Hudson, Henryp. 444
James, Thomasp. 445
Kane, Elisha Kentp. 446
Kashevarov, Alexander Filippovichp. 448
Kellett, Sir Henryp. 448
Knight, Jamesp. 449
Kotzebue, Otto vonp. 450
MacMillan, Donald B.p. 450
McClintock, Francis Leopoldp. 452
McClure, Robert John Le Mesurierp. 454
Middleton, Christopherp. 455
Moor, Williamp. 456
Nansen, Fridtjofp. 457
Nares, George Strongp. 459
North Polep. 460
Northwest Passagep. 464
Parry, Sir William Edwardp. 469
Peary, Robert Edwinp. 471
Rae, Johnp. 474
Rasmussen, Knud Johan Victorp. 476
Roque, Marguerite de lap. 477
Ross, Sir James Clarkp. 477
Ross, Sir Johnp. 478
Russians in North Americap. 480
Schwatka, Frederickp. 483
Scoresby, William, Jr.p. 484
Simpson, Thomasp. 485
Stefansson, Vilhjalmurp. 486
Sverdrup, Ottop. 490
Teben'kov, Mikhail Dimitrivichp. 490
Vasil'ev, Ivan Yakovlevichp. 491
Vasil'ev, Mikhail Nikolaevichp. 491
Wilkins, Hubertp. 492
Bibliographyp. 493
Indexp. 498