Cover image for Dictatorship in history and theory : Bonapartism, Caesarism, and totalitarianism
Title:
Dictatorship in history and theory : Bonapartism, Caesarism, and totalitarianism
Author:
Baehr, P. R. (Peter R.)
Publication Information:
Washington, D.C. : German Historical Institute and Cambridge University Press, [2004]

©2004
Physical Description:
xi, 308 pages ; 24 cm.
General Note:
Some articles previously presented at the Hunter College conference, 1999.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780521825634

9780521532709
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

A distinguished group of historians and political theorists examine the complex relationship between nineteenth-century democracy, nationalism, and authoritarianism, paying especial attention to the careers of Napoleon I and III, and of Bismarck. An important contribution of the book is to consider not only the momentous episodes of coup d'etat, revolution, and imperial foundation which the Napoleonic era heralded, but also the contested political language with which these events were described and assessed. Political thinkers were faced with a battery of new terms - 'Bonapartism', 'Caesarism', and 'Imperialism' among them - with which to make sense of their era. As well as documenting the political history of a revolutionary age, the book examines a series of thinkers - Tocqueville, Marx, Max Weber, Antonio Gramsci, Carl Schmitt, and Hannah Arendt - who articulated and helped to reshare our sense of the political.


Table of Contents

Peter Baehr and Melvin RichterIsser WolochT. C. W. BlanningDavid E. BarclayMelvin RichterTerrell CarverSudhir HazareesinghPeter BaehrBenedetto FontanaJohn P. McCormickJack HaywardMargaret CanovanClaude NicoletArthur M. Eckstein
Contributorsp. ix
Prefacep. xi
Introductionp. 1
Part I. Bonapartism to its contemporaries
1 From Consulate to Empire: Impetus and Resistancep. 29
2 The Bonapartes and Germanyp. 53
3 Prussian Conservatives and the Problem of Bonapartismp. 67
4 Tocqueville and French Nineteenth-Century Conceptualizations of the Two Bonapartes and Their Empiresp. 83
5 Marx's Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte: Democracy, Dictatorship, and the Politics of Class Strugglep. 103
6 Bonapartism as the Progenitor of Democracy: The Paradoxical Case of the French Second Empirep. 129
Part II. Bonapartism, Caesarism, Totalitarianism: Twentieth-Century Experiences and Reflections
7 Max Weber and the Avatars of Caesarismp. 155
8 The Concept of Caesarism in Gramscip. 175
9 From Constitutional Technique to Caesarist Ploy: Carl Schmitt on Dictatorship, Liberalism, and Emergency Powersp. 197
10 Bonapartist and Gaullist Heroic Leadership: Comparing Crisis Appeals to an Impersonated Peoplep. 221
11 The Leader and the Masses: Hannah Arendt on Totalitarianism and Dictatorshipp. 241
Part III. Ancient Resonances
12 Dictatorship in Romep. 263
13 From the Historical Caesar to the Spectre of Caesarism: The Imperial Administrator as Internal Threatp. 279
Indexp. 299