Cover image for Discover science almanac : the definitive science resource
Title:
Discover science almanac : the definitive science resource
Author:
Bunch, Bryan H.
Edition:
First edition.
Publication Information:
New York : Hyperion, [2003]

©2003
Physical Description:
x, 790 pages : illustrations, maps ; 21 cm
General Note:
"A Stonesong Press book."

Includes index.
Language:
English
Added Uniform Title:
Discover.
ISBN:
9780786887590
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library Q173 .D59 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Central Library Q173 .D59 2003 Adult Non-Fiction E-Branch
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Summary

Summary

The first and only science reference book of its kind, this compact, reader-friendly resource features the latest breakthroughs in science - including everything from archaeology to zoology. Here, readers will find facts on all major scientific achievements, awards and discoveries, as well as clear and handy tables and charts, fascinating notes for browsing, and entertaining feature articles. Also included is a foreword by Discover magazine editor-in-chief and original spreads of the best of the magazine, in the signature Discover style.


Author Notes

Bryan Bunch has written or edited numerous science books. He lives in Pleasant Valley, New York.

(Bowker Author Biography)


Table of Contents

Forewordp. ix
Philosophy and Politics of Sciencep. 1
The Scientific Enterprisep. 1
U.S. Spending on R&Dp. 4
U.S. National Medals of Sciencep. 7
Books and Web Sites: Philosophy and Politics of Sciencep. 18
Astronomy and Cosmologyp. 19
Trends and Ideas in Astronomy and Cosmologyp. 19
Timeline of Astronomy and Cosmologyp. 21
R&D: Astronomy and Cosmologyp. 26
Tools of Astronomersp. 30
The Solar Systemp. 44
The Universep. 77
Cosmologyp. 90
Record Holders: Astronomy and Cosmologyp. 94
Scientists in the Newsp. 97
Books and Web Sites: Astronomy and Cosmologyp. 99
Spacep. 103
Trends and Ideas in Spacep. 103
Timeline of Spacep. 105
R&D: Spacep. 108
Satellites and Space Probesp. 110
Humans in Spacep. 116
International Space Stationp. 131
Moving Vansp. 132
Space Junkp. 133
Record Holders: Spacep. 133
Scientists in the Newsp. 135
Books and Web Sites: Spacep. 137
Geologyp. 139
Trends and Ideas in Geologyp. 139
Timeline of Geologyp. 141
R&D: Geologyp. 144
Rocks and Mineralsp. 146
The Active Earthp. 154
Record Holders: Geologyp. 180
Scientist in the Newsp. 181
Books and Web Sites: Geologyp. 181
Oceanographyp. 183
Trends and Ideas in Oceanographyp. 183
Timeline of Oceanographyp. 185
R&D: Oceanographyp. 186
Observing the Oceansp. 189
Composition of Ocean Waterp. 192
Oceans and Seasp. 193
Currentsp. 195
Record Holders: Oceanographyp. 196
Scientists in the Newsp. 197
Books and Web Sites: Oceanographyp. 198
Paleontologyp. 199
Trends and Ideas in Paleontologyp. 199
Timeline of Paleontologyp. 201
R&D: Paleontologyp. 205
Geological Timep. 208
Fossilsp. 211
Dinosauriap. 215
Record Holders: Paleontologyp. 217
Scientists in the Newsp. 219
Books and Web Sites: Paleontologyp. 221
Weather and Climatep. 223
Trends and Ideas in Weather and Climatep. 223
Timeline of Weather and Climatep. 225
R&D: Weather and Climatep. 227
The Atmospherep. 230
Winds and Stormsp. 232
Weather Indexesp. 245
Climatesp. 248
Record Holders: Weather and Climatep. 252
Scientists in the Newsp. 253
Books and Web Sites: Weather and Climatep. 254
Physicsp. 255
Trends and Ideas in Physicsp. 255
Timeline of Physicsp. 257
R&D: Physicsp. 263
Classical Physicsp. 267
Modern Physicsp. 272
The Nobel Prize for Physicsp. 284
Record Holders: Physicsp. 292
Scientists in the Newsp. 293
Books and Web Sites: Physicsp. 295
Chemistryp. 297
Trends and Ideas in Chemistryp. 297
Timeline of Chemistryp. 299
R&D: Chemistryp. 304
The Elementsp. 306
The Nobel Prize for Chemistryp. 320
Record Holders: Chemistryp. 328
Scientists in the Newsp. 329
Books and Web Sites: Chemistryp. 330
Medicine and the Human Bodyp. 331
Trends and Ideas in Medicine and the Human Bodyp. 331
Timeline of Medicine and the Human Bodyp. 333
R&D: Medicinep. 339
Anatomy and Physiologyp. 345
Health Guidelinesp. 352
Health Indicatorsp. 360
Diseasep. 370
Seven Warning Signsp. 372
Cold Comfortp. 381
Diagnosis and Treatmentp. 383
Record Holders: The Human Bodyp. 389
Scientists in the Newsp. 391
Books and Web Sites: Medicine and the Human Bodyp. 393
Biologyp. 395
Trends and Ideas in Biologyp. 395
Timeline of Biologyp. 397
R&D: Biologyp. 403
The Diversity of Lifep. 406
Cellsp. 416
Biochemistryp. 419
Reproductionp. 422
Adaptationsp. 426
The Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicinep. 428
Record Holders: Biologyp. 437
The Biggest Living Organismp. 439
Scientists in the Newsp. 441
Books and Web Sites: Biologyp. 442
Geneticsp. 445
Trends and Ideas in Geneticsp. 445
Timeline of Geneticsp. 447
R&D: Geneticsp. 451
Inheritance Patternsp. 453
Chromosomes, Genes, and DNAp. 456
Genetic Engineeringp. 466
Record Holders: Geneticsp. 469
Scientists in the Newsp. 470
Books and Web Sites: Geneticsp. 471
Ecologyp. 473
Trends and Ideas in Ecologyp. 473
Timeline of Ecologyp. 475
R&D: Ecologyp. 477
Interactionsp. 479
Places to Livep. 481
World Heritage in Dangerp. 493
Endangered Speciesp. 495
Record Holders: Ecologyp. 512
Scientists in the Newsp. 513
Books and Web Sites: Ecologyp. 514
Human Originsp. 517
Trends and Ideas in Human Originsp. 517
Timeline of Human Originsp. 519
R&D: Human Originsp. 521
Physical Evolutionp. 525
Cultural Evolutionp. 536
Record Holders: Human Originsp. 544
Scientists in the Newsp. 544
Books and Web Sites: Human Originsp. 546
Behavior and Neurosciencesp. 547
Trends and Ideas in Behavior and Neurosciencesp. 547
Timeline of Behavior and Neurosciencesp. 549
R&D: Behavior and Neurosciencesp. 553
The Nervous Systemp. 554
Mental Illnessp. 561
Record Holders: Nervous Systemsp. 565
Scientists in the Newsp. 566
Books and Web Sites: Behavior and Neurosciencesp. 567
Archaeology and Linguisticsp. 569
Trends and Ideas in Archaeology and Linguisticsp. 569
Timeline of Archaeology and Linguisticsp. 571
R&D: Archaeology and Linguisticsp. 575
Civilizations of World Historyp. 577
Archaeological Sites of Significancep. 580
World Language Familiesp. 584
Record Holders: Archaeology and Linguisticsp. 586
Scientists in the Newsp. 588
Books and Web Sites: Archaeology and Linguisticsp. 589
Environmental Sciencep. 591
Trends and Ideas in Environmental Sciencep. 591
Timeline of Environmental Sciencep. 593
R&D: Environmental Sciencep. 597
Global Issuesp. 600
Resourcesp. 614
Pollutionp. 628
Record Holders: Environmental Sciencep. 654
Scientists in the Newsp. 656
Books and Web Sites: Environmental Sciencep. 658
Technologyp. 659
Trends and Ideas in Technologyp. 659
Timeline of Technologyp. 661
R&D: Technologyp. 667
The Innovatorsp. 671
Engineeringp. 689
Computersp. 695
Telecommunicationsp. 705
Record Holders: Technologyp. 710
Scientists in the Newsp. 712
Books and Web Sites: Technologyp. 713
Mathematicsp. 715
Trends and Ideas in Mathematicsp. 715
Timeline of Mathematicsp. 717
R&D: Mathematicsp. 721
Commonly Used Formulasp. 723
Number Propertiesp. 727
Pascal's Trianglep. 729
Common Graphs Used in Algebrap. 730
Fractalsp. 732
Record Holders: Mathematicsp. 733
Mathematicians in the Newsp. 734
Books and Web Sites: Mathematicsp. 736
Measurementp. 737
Timeline of Measurementp. 738
The International System ("Metric")p. 741
Other Scientific Measuresp. 746
U.S. Customary Measuresp. 748
Astronomical Measurementp. 749
Conversionsp. 750
Books and Web Sites: Measurementp. 752
In Memoriamp. 753
Indexp. 767

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