Cover image for Performance-enhancing substances in sport and exercise
Performance-enhancing substances in sport and exercise
Bahrke, Michael S., 1949-
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Publication Information:
Champaign, IL : Human Kinetics, [2002]

Physical Description:
ix, 373 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm
History of doping in sport / Charles E. Yesalis and Michael S. Bahrke -- Determining the efficacy of performance-enhancing substances / Stan Reents -- Anabolic-androgenic steroids / Michael S. Bahrke and Charles E. Yesalis -- Beta-2 agonists / Gordon S. Lynch -- Growth hormone : physiological effects of exogenous administration / William J. Kraemer, Bradley C. Nindl, and Martyn R. Rubin -- Physiological effects of testosterone precursors / William J. Kraemer ... [et al.] -- Human chorionic gonadotropin / R. Craig Kammerer.

Blood doping ; Erythropoietin / Björn T. Ekblom -- Diuretics / Lawrence E. Armstrong -- Narcotic analgesics and athletic performance / Dean F. Connors and John Sudkamp -- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids / Louis C. Almekinders -- Hypnotics, anxiolytics, and neuroleptics / Michael Bourin ... [et al.] -- Beta-adrenergic antagonists / Kurt A. Mossberg and Claire Peel -- Macronutrients and metabolic intermediates / Ellen Coleman and Suzanne Nelson Steen.

Creatine as an ergogenic supplement / J. David Branch and Melvin H. Williams -- Sodium bicarbonate / Michael J. Webster -- Herbals as ergogenic aids / Melvin H. Williams and J. David Branch -- Alcohol use in sport and exercise / Robert D. Stainback and Rachelle Jansevics Cohen -- Cannabis : clinical pharmacology and performance effects in humans / Stephen J. Heishman -- Amphetamines / Steven B. Karch -- Caffeine / Lawrence L. Spriet -- Cocaine / Robert K. Conlee -- Ephedrine as a ergogenic aid / Eric S. Rawson and Priscilla M. Clarkson.

Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid / Vincenzo R. Sanguineti and Marion Rudin Frank -- Future and designer drugs : emerging science and technologies / Gary I. Wadler -- Drug testing in sport and exercise / R. Craig Kammerer -- Form over substances : the legal context of performance-enhancing substances / Charles E. Petit -- Issues, concerns, and the future of performance-enhancing substances in sport and exercise / Michael S. Bahrke and Charles E. Yesalis.
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RC1230 .B347 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Reference

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Two well-known and highly respected authorities on performance-enhancing substance use in sport and exercise have assembled the contributions of leading experts in the field. The result is the most comprehensive, up-to-date text available on the use and abuse of performance-enhancing substances among athletes today.

This authoritative and heavily referenced book includes everything from anabolics and stimulants to gene transfer therapy and beyond. It presents the following:
·The history of doping in sport and exercise
·The latest clinical and scientific research and reference material available concerning the use and abuse of performance-enhancing substances among professional, Olympic-level, college, and high school athletes
·Important developments in the legal aspects of use in sport and exercise
·New information related to substance and drug testing
·The issues surrounding assessment of the efficacy of performance-enhancing substances
·Information on the new and emerging technologies--such as gene transfer therapy and new drug delivery systems--that have potential for abuse by athletes

No other text offers analyses of the ergogenic efficacy of nearly every substance currently used and abused by athletes today. It paints a complete picture of performance-enhancing substances and related issues. It gathers essential studies, data, and commentary not available elsewhere in one resource. Performance-Enhancing Substances in Sport and Exercise features 29 chapters covering dozens of substances, thousands of references, and chapters devoted to the history and future of performance-enhancing substances in sport and exercise, the determination of the efficacy of substances, drug testing, and legal issues

Author Notes

Michael Bahrke, PhD , joined Human Kinetics Publishers in 1994 and is an acquisitions editor in the scientific, technical, and medical division.

He was project director for an anabolic steroids research grant, one of the largest research projects ever funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). He has published many scientific papers on performance-enhancing substances and has made presentations on the topic at numerous scientific meetings, including the American Psychiatric Association annual meeting and the International Conference on the Abuse and Trafficking of Anabolic Steroids, U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.

Bahrke earned a PhD in sport psychology in 1977 from the University of Wisconsin at Madison. He is a fellow in the American College of Sports Medicine and a member of the European College of Sport Science. He is currently working with Dr. Yesalis on a new book for Human Kinetics, The History of Doping in Sport .

Charles Yesalis, ScD , is known worldwide for his research and teaching related to the nonmedical use of steroids and other performance-enhancing drugs. He is currently professor of health policy and administration and exercise and sport science at Pennsylvania State University.

Dr. Yesalis has authored and coauthored more than 70 journal articles and has also edited or coauthored three books concerning steroid usage. He is a frequent presenter at international conferences throughout North America and Europe. In addition, he has testified before the U.S. Congress and acted as a consultant for the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee, Drug Enforcement Administration, NFL Players Association, Food and Drug Administration, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

He earned a master's degree in public health from the University of Michigan and a doctoral degree from Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health.

Table of Contents

Charles E. Yesalis and Michael S. BahrkeStan ReentsMichael S. Bahrke and Charles E. YesalisGordon S. LynchWilliam J. Kraemer and Bradley C. Nindl and Martyn R. RubinWilliam J. Kraemer and Martyn R. Rubin and Duncan N. French and Michael R. McGuiganR. Craig KammererBjorn T. EkblomBjorn T. EkblomLawrence E. ArmstrongDean F. Connors and John SudkampLouis C. AlmekindersMichel Bourin and Daniele Bentue-Ferrer and Herve Allain and Pierre RochcongarKurt A. Mossberg and Claire PeelEllen Coleman and Suzanne Nelson SteenJ. David Branch and Melvin H. WilliamsMichael J. WebsterMelvin H. Williams and J. David BranchRobert D. Stainback and Rachelle Jansevics CohenStephen J. HeishmanSteven B. KarchLawrence L. SprietRobert K. ConleeEric S. Rawson and Priscilla M. ClarksonVincenzo R. Sanguineti and Marion Rudin FrankGary I. WadlerR. Craig KammererCharles E. PetitMichael S. Bahrke and Charles E. Yesalis
Forewordp. v
Prefacep. vii
Part I Introduction
Chapter 1 History of Doping in Sportp. 1
Chapter 2 Determining the Efficacy of Performance-Enhancing Substancesp. 21
Part II Anabolics
Chapter 3 Anabolic-Androgenic Steroidsp. 33
Chapter 4 Beta-2 Agonistsp. 47
Chapter 5 Growth Hormone: Physiological Effects of Exogenous Administrationp. 65
Chapter 6 Physiological Effects of Testosterone Precursorsp. 79
Chapter 7 Human Chorionic Gonadotropinp. 89
Part III Blood Doping
Chapter 8 Blood Dopingp. 93
Chapter 9 Erythropoietinp. 101
Part IV Diuretics
Chapter 10 Diureticsp. 109
Part V Narcotic and Non-Narcotic Analgesics and Depressants
Chapter 11 Narcotic Analgesics and Athletic Performancep. 117
Chapter 12 Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs and Corticosteroidsp. 125
Chapter 13 Hypnotics, Anxiolytics, and Neurolepticsp. 137
Chapter 14 Beta-Adrenergic Antagonistsp. 149
Part VI Nutritional Ergogenic Aids
Chapter 15 Macronutrients and Metabolic Intermediatesp. 157
Chapter 16 Creatine As an Ergogenic Supplementp. 175
Chapter 17 Sodium Bicarbonatep. 197
Chapter 18 Herbals As Ergogenic Aidsp. 209
Part VII Social and Recreational Drugs
Chapter 19 Alcohol Use in Sport and Exercisep. 227
Chapter 20 Cannabis: Clinical Pharmacology and Performance Effects in Humansp. 247
Part VIII Stimulants
Chapter 21 Amphetaminesp. 257
Chapter 22 Caffeinep. 267
Chapter 23 Cocainep. 279
Chapter 24 Ephedrine As an Ergogenic Aidp. 289
Part IX Miscellaneous Substances
Chapter 25 Gamma-Hydroxybutyric Acidp. 299
Chapter 26 Future and Designer Drugs: Emerging Science and Technologiesp. 305
Part X Drug Testing
Chapter 27 Drug Testing in Sport and Exercisep. 323
Chapter 28 Form Over Substances: The Legal Context of Performance-Enhancing Substancesp. 341
Part XI Conclusion
Chapter 29 Issues, Concerns, and the Future of Performance-Enhancing Substances in Sport and Exercisep. 351
Appendix Web Sites for Selected Sports Governing and Sports Medicine Organizationsp. 357
Indexp. 358
About the Editorsp. 367
About the Contributorsp. 369