Cover image for Handbook of the medical consequences of alcohol and drug abuse
Title:
Handbook of the medical consequences of alcohol and drug abuse
Author:
Brick, John, 1950-
Publication Information:
New York : Haworth Press, [2004]

©2004
Physical Description:
xviii, 329 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm.
Language:
English
Added Author:
ISBN:
9780789018632

9780789018649
Format :
Book

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RC564 .H3585 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

A unique and comprehensive reference that no health care professional who encounters substance abusers should be without!

The Handbook of the Medical Consequences of Alcohol and Drug Abuseis a cutting-edge evaluation of the medical effects of the most abused drugs in America today. The contributors to this peer-reviewed book include leading experts in medical physiology, psychopharmacology, and neuropsychology. The book describes the most current research on the acute and chronic effects of alcohol, stimulants, inhalants, marijuana, and opiates on human organ systems and behavior. It will also help you explore and understand the prenatal effects of these drugs as well as tobacco and nicotine.

With the Handbook of the Medical Consequences of Alcohol and Drug Abuse,you'll be well informed about the cardiovascular, neurological, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, and hepatic effects of commonly abused drugs. The book also provides in-depth explanations of the mechanisms by which these psychoactive drugs exert their biobehavioral effects as well as current thinking about--and definitions of--abuse, dependence, and alcohol/drug use.

Here is a sample of what you'll find in this essential book: basic information on alcohol, including definitions of alcohol use, abuse, and dependence descriptions of the relationship between alcohol and accidental injuries, alcohol's effect on skeletal and major organ systems, and its effect on risk factors for certain cancers an examination of the effects of alcohol and other drugs on neuropsychological function an in-depth review of the effects of alcohol on neuron signaling, neurotransmitter function, and alcoholic brain damage and cognitive dysfunction a comprehensive look at the fetal effects of alcohol a clear review of the available information on chronic marijuana use's effects on psychological and physical health, including a fair and balanced discussion of the medical marijuana issue a thoughtful and fact-filled examination of the consequences of opiate abuse and methadone pharmacotherapy, including a comparison of the effects of methadone and heroin on organ system function and dysfunction a look at cocaine's history, the various forms of the drug, and the adverse effects of cocaine on cardiovascular, neurologic, and pulmonary systems an exploration of the medical consequences of inhalants--a very broad category of abused substances ranging from nitrous oxide to gasoline--and how to treat their toxic effects a review of the prenatal effects of nicotine, cocaine, marijuana, and opiates explanations of much of the terminology that appears in the current literature on alcohol Extraordinarily useful for physicians and other health care professionals, the Handbook of the Medical Consequences of Alcohol and Drug Abusedelivers specific information about a range of drugs not found in any similar book. Make it a part of your reference collection today!


Reviews 1

Choice Review

This handbook remains an indispensable reference for professionals seeking information on the pharmacology, toxicology, and neuropsychology of alcohol and drug use. The second edition not only updates topics found in the first (2004), but adds eight new chapters that focus on the continuously evolving area of alcohol and drug problems. Hence, in addition to the latest research on alcohol, marijuana, opiates, stimulants, and inhalants, Brick and his outstanding group of contributors include information on steroids, tobacco, hallucinogens, and over-the-counter substances. Other new chapters address drug interactions, various substances' effects on the oral cavity, co-occurring psychiatric and drug dependency disorders, and structural brain changes. Given its thorough and comprehensive review of the consequences of alcohol and drug abuse, this handbook should be valuable to students and practitioners alike. Among those who will consult it frequently are social workers, psychologists and counselors, and medical, alcohol, and drug abuse professionals, educators, and students. This volume should be part of all academic libraries' collections. Summing Up: Essential. Upper-level undergraduates through professionals/practitioners. G. A. Blevins Governors State University


Table of Contents

Carlton K. EricksonJohn BrickJohn BrickRosemarie Scolaro Moser and Corinne E. FrantzFulton T. CrewsTara S. Wass and Sarah N. Mattson and Edward P. RileyAlan J. Budney and Brent A. Moore and Ryan VandreyPauline F. McHugh and Mary Jeanne KreekAaron Schneir and Anthony S. ManoguerraKaren K. Howell and Claire D. Coles and Julie KablePaul Kolecki and Richard Shih
About the Editorp. ix
Contributorsp. xi
Forewordp. xiii
Prefacep. xvii
Chapter 1. Characteristics of Alcohol: Chemistry, Use, and Abusep. 1
What Is Alcohol?p. 1
Scientific Notation for Alcohol Concentrationsp. 3
Defining Alcohol Usep. 4
Chapter 2. Medical Consequences of Alcohol Abusep. 7
Overviewp. 7
Alcohol and Accidental Injuriesp. 7
Alcohol and the Skeletal Systemp. 13
Cancersp. 18
Alcohol-Induced Pancreatic Injuryp. 20
Alcohol-Induced Liver Injuryp. 20
Cardiovascular Diseasesp. 25
Conclusionsp. 31
Chapter 3. The Neuropsychological Consequences of Alcohol and Drug Abusep. 49
Overviewp. 49
Brain Impairment and Alcohol Abusep. 50
Brain Impairment and Illicit Drug Abusep. 62
Summaryp. 75
Chapter 4. Effects of Alcohol Abuse on the Brainp. 85
Overviewp. 85
Ethanol Effects on Glutamate Receptor Ion Channelsp. 86
Ethanol Effects on GABA[subscript A]/Benzodiazepine Receptorsp. 94
Changes in NMDA and GABA[subscript A] Receptors During Chronic Alcohol Abuse and Withdrawalp. 98
Brain Damage in Alcoholicsp. 104
Summaryp. 116
Chapter 5. Neuroanatomical and Neurobehavioral Effects of Heavy Prenatal Alcohol Exposurep. 139
Overviewp. 139
Autopsy Studiesp. 141
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studiesp. 143
Other Studiesp. 150
Neurobehavioral Effectsp. 152
Summary and Discussionp. 161
Chapter 6. Health Consequences of Marijuana Usep. 171
Respiratory Systemp. 173
Immune Systemp. 176
Cardiovascular Systemp. 177
Reproductive Functionp. 178
Psychological Consequencesp. 180
Cognitive Effectsp. 184
Medical Marijuanap. 196
Conclusionsp. 200
Chapter 7. The Medical Consequences of Opiate Abuse and Addiction and Methadone Pharmacotherapyp. 219
Overviewp. 219
Pharmacological Effects of Opiates: Deathp. 222
Direct Medical Consequences of Opiatesp. 227
Indirect Medical Consequences of Opiate Abuse and Addictionp. 238
Summaryp. 246
Chapter 8. Medical Consequences of the Use of Cocaine and Other Stimulantsp. 257
Overviewp. 257
Historyp. 257
Forms of Cocainep. 258
Physiologic Effectsp. 259
Adverse Effects of Cocainep. 260
Other Stimulantsp. 269
Chapter 9. The Medical and Developmental Consequences of Prenatal Drug Exposurep. 281
Overviewp. 281
Principles of Teratology and Behavioral Teratologyp. 281
Maternal Substance Use and Developmental Impact: Tobaccop. 282
Illicit Drug Use: Cocainep. 286
Marijuanap. 291
Opiatesp. 293
Summary: Impact of Maternal Substance Usep. 294
Chapter 10. Inhalant Abusep. 303
Overviewp. 303
Historyp. 304
Substancesp. 305
Chronic Toxic Effects of Inhalant Abusep. 309
Treatment of the Acute Toxic Effects of Inhalant Abusep. 312
Treatment of the Chronic Toxic Effects of Inhalant Abusep. 314
Summaryp. 314
Indexp. 319