Cover image for The encyclopedia of high-tech crime and crime-fighting
Title:
The encyclopedia of high-tech crime and crime-fighting
Author:
Newton, Michael, 1951-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York : Facts On File/Checkmark Books, [2004]

©2004
Physical Description:
xvi, 377 pages : (some illustrations) ; 28 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780816049783

9780816049790
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

This reference offers a comprehensive survey of how the underworld takes advantage of new technologies, tools and techniques and adapts them for nefarious purposes. It also looks at how the authorities fight back, prevent crime and capture criminals.


Reviews 2

Booklist Review

Here are two reference volumes that tackle topics related to crime. In The Dictionary of Crime Terms, Sifakis, who also wrote The Mafia Encyclopedia (Facts On File, 2d ed., 1999), has brought together the language of Mobspeak--what wise guys and other American criminals say among themselves, not what is fabricated by writers or the media. The focus is mainly on Mafia-related terms, such as ace of spades (the widow of a departed criminal big shot), buckwheats (vicious spite killings), midnight flips (the law enforcement tactic of arresting mobsters between two and four o'clock in the morning), and sparkplugs (the most feared Mob killers), rather than street crime. Arrangement of the 900 clearly written entries is alphabetical, and there are some cross-references. The bibliography is current and comprehensive. The index is accurate and very helpful. In addition to book sources, the author has drawn on newspaper files and two attorneys with "special knowledge." In 420 entries, the alphabetically arranged Encyclopedia of High-Tech Crime and Crime-Fighting, by prolific crime writer Newton, examines how technology combats crime and also makes crime possible, such as through the many Internet hoaxes (the Miller Beer giveaway, the Tweety Bird chain letter) and viruses (Rainsong, Rhapsody, Xalnaga, Xanax). There are entries for individuals who have been convicted based on DNA evidence as well as for hackers, computer saboteurs, and software and satellite TV pirates. The book also describes how technology is being used to free the innocent, particularly the huge number of persons who have been exonerated by DNA test results. Scope is international. Following the entries are a glossary, a bibliography, and an index. Both The Dictionary of Crime Terms and The Encyclopedia of High-Tech Crime and Crime-Fighting are recommended for criminal justice collections in academic and public libraries. -- RBB Copyright 2004 Booklist


Choice Review

Newton, editor and author of books about crime and criminal justice (The Encyclopedia of Serial Killers, CH, Sep'00; The Encyclopedia of Kidnappings, 2002; Armed and Dangerous: A Writer's Guide to Weapons, 1990), offers an interesting, informative book that shows how criminal justice has changed to adapt to new and challenging circumstances. The introduction notes that the most notorious criminals are innovators and that law enforcement is always struggling to catch up. Newton arranges entries alphabetically, covering such topics as computer viruses (Alicia, boom, fuxx), Internet fraud schemes ("make money fast"), computer hackers, and online pornographers. Besides his interest in computer-based issues, Newton covers advances in DNA, personal protection, and fingerprint recovery and supplies sections on hardware (e.g., surveillance cameras, "smart" guns, radar/lidar). Brief biographies appear on such people as Jillann Reeves (accused software pirate) and Kerry Kotler (exonerated and convicted by DNA evidence). Although the book is called an encyclopedia, it is better categorized as a book of essays devoted to topics the author has chosen from personal interest. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. Collections in law enforcement and criminal justice. E. B. Ryner FBI Library


Excerpts

Excerpts

The history of crime in American has proven that criminals are often the first to seize upon opportunities presented by new technologies and use them for nefarious purposes. It has also demonstrated that law enforcement groups are quick to respond and use high-tech tools to defend the public safety. This is more true than ever, now, when virus alerts arrive in e-mail in-boxes on a regular basis and sophisticated surveillance systems scan every face in a crowd of thousands at football games to weed out suspected criminals. The Encyclopedia of High-Tech Crime and Crime-fighting is the first comprehensive survey of how the underworld takes advantage of new tools and techniques and how authorities can fight back, prevent crime, and capture criminals. In more than 420 entries, the author provides clear, extensive coverage of everything from DNA and medical evidence to computer virus attacks, from blood spatter analysis to explosive detection devices. Many of these topics have become all the more relevant in the wake of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Topics covered in this unprecedented look at the hottest emerging field in law enforcement include: Acme Rent-A-Car, illegal use of GPS Airport security Bank security cell Chemical and biological weapons Computer fraud and sabotage/hacking Computer viruses Cryptology Cyberangels DNA and other medical evidence Electromagnetic pulse "blackout bombs" Forensic anthropology identification devices Identity theft Luminol testing Non-lethal weapons Nuclear emergency search teamPhone cloning and fraud Police equipment Psychological profiling Satellite surveillance School security Software, video, and satellite piracy Synthetic narcotics and designer drugs Telephone fraud Toxicology Traditional crime and high-tech tools. Excerpted from The Encyclopedia of High-Tech Crime and Crime-Fighting by Michael Newton All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.