Cover image for The philosopher's toolkit : a compendium of philosophical concepts and methods
The philosopher's toolkit : a compendium of philosophical concepts and methods
Baggini, Julian.
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Publication Information:
Malden, MA : Blackwell Publishers, [2003]

Physical Description:
ix, 221 pages ; 24 cm
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BC177 .B19 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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The Philosophers' Toolkit provides all the intellectual equipment necessary to engage with and participate in philosophical argument, reading and reflection. Each of its 87 entries explains how to use an important concept or argumentative technique accurately and effectively.

Author Notes

Julian Baggini is editor and co-publisher of The Philosophers' Magazine. He has written on philosophy for the general reader in The Independent , Independent on Sunday and Times Educational Supplement . His PhD was awarded by University College London in 1996.

Peter Fosl is Bingham Associate Professor of Philosophy and Program Chair at Transylvania University, Lexington, Kentucky. He serves as contributing editor to The Philosopher's Magazine. A graduate of Bucknell University and Emory University, Fosl also studied at the LSE and took a Fullbright Scholarship to the University of Edinburgh. He has published on Hume, scepticism and topics in the history of philosophy.

Table of Contents

Part I Basic Tools for Argument
1 Arguments, Premises and Conclusions
2 Deduction
3 Induction
4 Validity and Soundness
5 Invalidity
6 Consistency
7 Fallacies
8 Refutation
9 Axioms
10 Definitions
11 Certainty and Probability
12 Tautologies, Self-Contradictions and the Law of Non-Contradiction
Part II Further Tools for Argument
13 Abduction
14 Hypothetico-Deductive Method
15 Dialectic
16 Analogies
17 Anomalies and Exceptions that Prove the Rule
18 Intuition Pumps
19 Logical Constructions
20 Reduction
21 Thought Experiments
22 Transcendental Arguments
23 Useful Fictions
Part III Tools for Assessment
24 Alternative Explanations
25 Ambiguity
26 Bivalence and the Excluded Middle
27 Category Mistakes
28 Ceteris Paribus
29 Circularity
30 Conceptual Incoherence
31 Counterexamples
32 Criteria
33 Error Theory
34 False Dichotomy
35 Genetic Fallacy
36 Horned Dilemmas
37 Hume's Fork
38 Is/ought Gap
39 Leibniz's Law of Identity
40 Masked Man Fallacy
41 Ockham's Razor
42 Paradoxes
43 Partners in Guilt
44 Principles of Charity
45 Question-Begging
46 Reductions
47 Redundancy
48 Regresses
49 Saving the Phenomena
50 Self-defeating Arguments
51 Sufficient Reason
52 Testability
Part IV Tools for Conceptual Distinctions
53 A Priori/A Posteriori
54 Absolute/Relative
55 Analytic/Synthetic
56 Categorical/Modal
57 Conditional/Biconditional
58 Defeasible/Indefeasible
59 Entailment/Implication
60 Essence/Accident
61 Knowledge by Acquaintance/Description
62 Necessary/Contingent
63 Necessary/Sufficient
64 Objective/Subjective
65 Realist/Non-Realist
66 Sense/Reference
67 Syntax/Semantics
68 Thick/Thin Concepts
69 Types/Tokens
Part V Tools for Radical Critique
70 Class Critique
71 Deconstruction and the Critique of Presence
72 Empiricist Critique of Metaphysics
73 Feminist Critiques
74 Foucaultian Critique of Power
75 Heideggerian Critique of Metaphysics
76 Lacanian Critique
77 Nietzschean Critique of Christian-Platonic Culture
78 Pragmatist Critique
79 Sartrean Critique of 'Bad Faith'
Part VI Tools at the Limit
80 Basic Beliefs
81 G;del and Incompleteness
82 Mystical Experience and Revelation
83 Possibility and Impossibility
84 Primitives
85 Self-evident Truths
86 Scepticism
87 Underdetermination
Appendix: Web Resources.