Cover image for Gay, lesbian, bisexual, + transgender myths from the Arapaho to the Zuñi : an anthology
Gay, lesbian, bisexual, + transgender myths from the Arapaho to the Zuñi : an anthology
Elledge, Jim, 1950-
Publication Information:
New York : Peter Lang, [2002]

Physical Description:
xxii, 194 pages ; 23 cm.
Added Author:
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
E98.R3 G38 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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Gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered persons were at the center of a large body of myths in which they played important roles, from creators of earth and all life to heroes (male and female) in battle. From approximately 160 extant Native American myths, Jim Elledge has selected all those which would be most readily identifiable by contemporary readers as dealing with gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered individuals, as well as those which focus on them as prominent, if not main, characters in the myths. He has located a literature that existed long before the European colonization of North America and asserts that, not only does North American literature begin with the oral traditions of Native Americans, the beginning of North American literature includes gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender literature in the form of these and other myths.

Author Notes

Poet, novelist, translator, anthologist, scholar, and teacher, Jim Elledge has published fourteen books, most recently, The Chapters of Coming Forth by Day, a novel in prose poems, and a limited edition of his long poem, A Letter to No One Who Is Named «The Past» and the Thoughts That Interrupted the Writing of It. His awards include an Illinois Arts Council Artists Fellowship for poetry. He is Chair of the Department of English and Humanities at Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, where he also directs a small press.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. IX
Introductionp. XIII
Origin of the Worldp. 1
Arrow Young Men (Coos, 1913)p. 3
Origin Tale (Kamia, 1931)p. 7
The Story of the Emergence (Navaho, 1942)p. 15
Origin of the Two-Spiritsp. 71
Destruction of the Kianakwe (Zuni, 1904)p. 73
The First Alyha (Mohave, 1972)p. 77
[The First Hwami] (Mohave, 1972)p. 85
How Lizard Sodomized Coyote (Chemehuevi, 1984)p. 87
Red-Woman and Old-Man-Coyote's Wife (Crow, 1918)p. 89
Warrior Girl (Tewa, 1928)p. 93
Men Who Became Womenp. 97
The Eight Young Men Who Became Women (Comanche, 1903)p. 99
The Hermaphrodite (Pawnee, 1906)p. 101
Manabus Outwits Turtle (Menomini, 1915)p. 103
The Turtle Brings Ruin upon Himself (Fox, 1907)p. 109
Red-Hair's (Icioce) Hair (Crow, 1918)p. 117
Pregnant Menp. 123
The Chief's Son Who Received the Animal Power (Pawnee, 1906)p. 125
Nanabushu Pretends to Be a Woman (Ojibwa, 1917)p. 129
Tasinta-Yukikipu (Dakota, 1893)p. 133
Love Between Womenp. 139
Lesbian Love (Assiniboine, 1909)p. 141
Two Maidens Who Played the Harlot with Each Other (Fox, 1907)p. 143
Violence and the Two-Spiritsp. 145
The Coyote Called "Another One" (Western Mono, 1942)p. 147
Falcon Captures the Cannibal Berdache (Yokut, 1940)p. 149
The Sioux Woman Who Acted as a Man (Sioux, 1903)p. 151
The Heheya Trick Huiki (Hopi, 1929)p. 153
Didactic Mythsp. 155
The Hopi Ghost Kills and Gambles (Tewa, 1928)p. 157
Kuloskap and Pukjinskwes (Passamaquoddy, 1921)p. 163
Manabus Humbles a Chief's Son (Menomini, 1915)p. 167
The Mothway Myth (Navaho, 1978)p. 169
Niha[superscript n]ca[superscript n] and Panther-Young-Man (Arapaho, 1903)p. 179
Pleiades and Taurus (Yokut, 1940)p. 181
Related Myths and Legends for Further Readingp. 185
Title Indexp. 191
Index to Tribes and Nationsp. 193