Cover image for Health basics : a doctor's plainspoken advice about how your body works and what to do when it doesn't
Title:
Health basics : a doctor's plainspoken advice about how your body works and what to do when it doesn't
Author:
Richardson, Michael S., 1960-
Publication Information:
Chester, N.J. : Next Decade, [2003]

©2003
Physical Description:
xxi, 409 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
General Note:
Includes index.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780970090850

9780970090867
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

These frank discussions of healthy behaviours and biological processes incorporate both the practical and scientific elements necessary for making informed medical choices. While the information on allergies, physical fitness, smoking, alternative medicines, and travel health addresses popular questions, coverage of biological fundamentals such as the respiratory system, the musculoskeletal system, and glandular diseases situates these issues in the context of medical science. An up-to-date reference list and comprehensive glossary are included.


Author Notes

Michael Richardson, M.D. practices internal medicine at the Charlotte Medical Clinic in North Carolina. He is also a Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine, where he received his Doctor of Medicine Degree with Honors


Table of Contents

Part I Staying Healthyp. 1
Chapter 1 Physical Fitnessp. 3
Goals for an Exercise Programp. 5
Exercising Safelyp. 6
Chapter 2 Common Sense Nutritionp. 9
Sugarp. 11
Waterp. 11
High-protein Dietsp. 12
Omega-3 Fatty Acidsp. 12
Soyp. 13
Fiberp. 13
Calciump. 14
B Vitaminsp. 14
Antioxidantsp. 14
The Mediterranean Dietp. 14
Diet Guidelinesp. 15
The Evidencep. 15
The Ornish Dietp. 16
Chapter 3 Obesity and Weight Lossp. 17
What is Obesity?p. 17
What does the Body Mass Index Mean?p. 18
Weight Distribution on the Bodyp. 18
Myths of Weight Lossp. 19
How to Lose Weightp. 20
Weight Loss Medicationsp. 21
Chapter 4 Allergiesp. 23
Allergic Rhinitisp. 23
Food Allergiesp. 25
Insect Allergiesp. 26
Hives (Urticaria)p. 27
Anaphylaxisp. 27
Chapter 5 Infections and Antibioticsp. 29
Chapter 6 Painp. 33
Chapter 7 Smokingp. 37
Effects of Tobacco Smokep. 37
Diseases and Conditions Associated with Tobacco Smokingp. 38
Benefits when Smokers Quitp. 38
How to Stop Smokingp. 39
Chapter 8 Alcoholp. 41
How Much is Too Much?p. 41
The Benefits of Moderate Alcohol Usep. 42
The Chemistry of Alcoholp. 43
Medical Problems Related to Alcohol Abusep. 43
Effects on the Brain and Nervous Systemp. 43
Effects on the Gastrointestinal Tractp. 44
Effects on the Cardiovascular Systemp. 45
Effects on Bone Marrowp. 45
Effects on Immune Functionp. 45
Effects on Metabolism and Hormonesp. 46
Effects on Nutritionp. 46
Recognizing Alcohol Abuse Disordersp. 46
Alcohol Withdrawalp. 47
Treatment of Alcohol Abuse Disordersp. 48
Chapter 9 Cancerp. 49
Approach to Evaluating and Treating Cancerp. 50
Screening for Cancerp. 51
Screening for Skin Cancerp. 52
Screening for Mouth Cancerp. 52
Screening for Lung Cancerp. 53
Screening for Breast Cancerp. 53
Screening for Gastrointestinal Cancerp. 53
Cancer of the Esophagusp. 53
Cancer of the Pancreasp. 54
Cancer of the Colonp. 54
Screening for Urinary Tract Cancerp. 55
Screening for Reproductive Organ Cancerp. 55
Cancer of the Cervixp. 55
Cancer of the Uterusp. 56
Cancer of the Ovariesp. 56
Cancer of the Testiclesp. 56
Cancer of the Prostatep. 56
Chapter 10 Vaccinations and Associated Diseasesp. 57
Dead or Synthetic Vaccinesp. 57
Pneumovax Vaccinep. 57
Influenza Vaccinep. 58
Tetanus-Diphtheria Vaccinep. 59
Hepatitis Vaccinesp. 59
Hepatitis B Vaccinep. 60
Hepatitis A Vaccinep. 60
Meningococcal Vaccinep. 60
Lyme Disease Vaccinep. 61
Live Vaccinesp. 61
Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR)p. 61
Poliop. 62
Varicellap. 62
Chapter 11 Travel Healthp. 63
Tips for Staying Healthy while Travelingp. 63
Travel Vaccinationsp. 65
Chapter 12 Herbals, Vitamins, and Other Nutritional Supplementsp. 73
My Personal Biasp. 73
A Legal Historyp. 74
Common Sense Advicep. 75
Common Dietary Supplementsp. 77
Aloep. 77
Antioxidantsp. 77
Androstenedionep. 77
Bearberryp. 78
Beta-Carotene and Vitamin Ap. 78
Black Cohoshp. 78
Calciump. 78
Capsicump. 79
Cascarap. 79
Cellasenep. 79
Chamomilep. 79
Chaste Tree Berryp. 80
Cholestinp. 80
Coenzyme Q-10p. 80
Cranberryp. 81
Creatinep. 81
DHEAp. 81
Dong Quaip. 82
Echinaceap. 82
Ephedrine (Constituent of Ma Huang)p. 82
Erythropoietinp. 82
Feverfewp. 83
Flax Seedp. 83
Folatep. 83
Garlicp. 83
Gingerp. 83
Ginkgo Bilobap. 83
Ginsengp. 84
Goldensealp. 84
Glucosamine and Chondroitinp. 84
Grapeseed Extractp. 85
Guaranap. 85
Hawthornp. 85
Horse Chestnutp. 85
Human Growth Hormonep. 85
Kava-Kavap. 86
Lemon Balmp. 86
Licoricep. 86
L-Argininep. 86
Luteinp. 87
Lycopenep. 87
Ma Huangp. 87
Melatoninp. 87
Metabolism Enhancersp. 88
MSMp. 88
Nettlep. 88
Phytoestrogensp. 88
Pau D'Arcop. 89
Peppermintp. 89
Primrose (Evening)p. 89
Psylliump. 89
Pyruvatep. 89
SAM-ep. 90
Saw Palmettop. 90
Seleniump. 90
Sennap. 90
St. John's Wortp. 91
Valerianp. 91
Vitamin A and Beta-Carotenep. 91
Vitamin B[subscript 12]p. 91
Vitamin Cp. 92
Vitamin Dp. 93
Vitamin Ep. 93
White Willowp. 93
Yohimbinep. 93
Sources for Additional Informationp. 94
Chapter 13 Health Assessmentp. 95
Recommended Tests, Procedures, and Vaccinationsp. 95
Laboratory Testsp. 96
Proceduresp. 97
Vaccinationsp. 98
Chapter 14 How to Get What You Want from Your Office Visitp. 103
Part II Body Systems--How They Work and What to Do When They Don'tp. 107
Chapter 15 The Skinp. 109
Acnep. 109
Rosaceap. 111
Contact Dermatitisp. 111
Seborrheic Dermatitisp. 112
Atopic Dermatitis and Eczemap. 113
Psoriasisp. 113
Tinea Versicolorp. 114
Skin Infectionsp. 114
Cellulitisp. 114
Shinglesp. 115
Fungal Nail Infectionsp. 115
Hair: Alopecia and Hirsutismp. 116
Alopeciap. 116
Hirsutismp. 117
Photoagingp. 117
Skin Cancerp. 118
Chapter 16 The Eyep. 121
Conjunctivitisp. 121
Eyelid Infectionsp. 122
Subconjunctival Hemorrhagep. 122
Eye Injuryp. 123
Cataractsp. 123
Glaucomap. 124
Macular Degenerationp. 124
Chapter 17 The Earp. 127
Otitis Externa ("Swimmer's Ear")p. 128
Otitis Mediap. 128
Ear Wax Impactionp. 129
Hearing Lossp. 129
Chapter 18 The Nose and Sinusesp. 131
Coldsp. 132
Sinusitisp. 132
Allergic Rhinitisp. 134
Nosebleedsp. 134
Chapter 19 The Throatp. 137
Sore Throat and Tonsillitisp. 137
Hoarsenessp. 138
Aphthous Ulcers (Canker Sores)p. 139
Bad Breathp. 139
Local Causesp. 139
General Causesp. 140
Treatmentp. 140
Chapter 20 Glandular and Metabolic Diseasesp. 141
Diabetes Mellitusp. 141
Screening for Diabetesp. 142
Diabetes Management Planp. 143
Hypoglycemiap. 145
Osteoporosisp. 146
Screening for Osteoporosisp. 147
Treatment Optionsp. 147
The Thyroidp. 148
Hypothyroidismp. 149
Hyperthyroidismp. 149
Thyroiditisp. 150
Thyroid Nodulesp. 150
Hemochromatosisp. 151
Chapter 21 The Heart and Cardiovascular Systemp. 153
Hypertensionp. 155
Varicose Veinsp. 157
Valvular Heart Disease and Mitral Valve Prolapsep. 157
Palpitations and Atrial Fibrillationp. 158
Symptomsp. 159
Treatmentp. 159
High Cholesterolp. 160
Lowering Cholesterolp. 162
Why Reduce Cholesterol?p. 162
Atherosclerosis (Narrowing of the Blood Vessels)p. 163
Peripheral Vascular Diseasep. 165
Symptomsp. 165
Treatmentp. 165
Aortic Aneurysmp. 166
Congestive Heart Failurep. 167
Symptomsp. 167
Causesp. 167
Treatmentp. 168
Angina (Chest Pain)p. 170
Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack)p. 170
Symptomsp. 171
Treatmentp. 172
Cerebrovascular Disease and Strokep. 174
Symptomsp. 175
Risk Factorsp. 175
Treatmentp. 176
Thromboembolic Disease (Blood Clots)p. 177
Risk Factorsp. 177
Treatmentp. 178
Complicationsp. 178
Cardiac Diagnostic Proceduresp. 179
The Stethoscopep. 179
The Electrocardiogram (EKG)p. 179
The Treadmill Stress Testp. 180
The Echocardiogramp. 180
The Cardiac Catheterizationp. 181
The Electrophysiology Study (EPS)p. 181
CT Scans and Heart Diseasep. 182
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgeryp. 182
Preventing Heart Diseasep. 183
Chapter 22 The Respiratory Systemp. 187
Examining Lung Functionp. 188
Coughp. 189
Bronchitisp. 190
Pneumoniap. 191
Symptomsp. 191
Treatmentp. 191
Asthmap. 192
Symptomsp. 192
Managementp. 193
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseasep. 196
Symptomsp. 197
Treatmentp. 197
Sleep Apneap. 197
Symptomsp. 198
Treatmentp. 199
Chapter 23 The Gastrointestinal Systemp. 201
Dysphagia (Difficulty Swallowing)p. 202
Gastroesophageal Reflux Diseasep. 203
Symptomsp. 204
Relieving Symptomsp. 204
Treatmentp. 205
Peptic Ulcer Diseasep. 206
Symptomsp. 206
Treatmentp. 207
Gallstonesp. 207
Symptomsp. 207
Treatmentp. 208
Hepatitisp. 208
Treatmentp. 209
Constipation and Diarrheap. 210
Constipationp. 210
Diarrheap. 210
Diverticulosis and Diverticulitisp. 211
Symptomsp. 212
Treatmentp. 212
Irritable Bowel Syndromep. 212
Symptomsp. 212
Treatmentp. 213
Inflammatory Bowel Diseasep. 213
Diagnosisp. 214
Treatmentp. 214
Hemorrhoidsp. 214
Symptomsp. 215
Treatmentp. 215
Herniap. 215
Symptomsp. 216
Treatmentp. 216
Colon Cancerp. 216
Symptomsp. 216
Reducing the Riskp. 217
Screening Testsp. 217
Chapter 24 The Urinary Systemp. 221
Urinary Tract Infectionsp. 222
Symptomsp. 223
Treatment Decisionsp. 223
Preventionp. 224
Interstitial Cystitisp. 225
Diagnosisp. 225
Treatment Optionsp. 225
Incontinencep. 226
Symptomsp. 226
Treatmentp. 227
Kidney Stonesp. 228
Symptomsp. 228
Treatmentp. 229
Why Do Stones Form?p. 229
Risk Factorsp. 230
Reducing the Riskp. 230
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Genitourinary Infectionsp. 231
Herpesp. 231
Vaginitisp. 232
Urethritisp. 233
Genital Wartsp. 233
Chlamydiap. 233
Pelvic Inflammatory Diseasep. 234
Chapter 25 The Musculoskeletal Systemp. 235
Generalized Problemsp. 236
Arthritisp. 236
Symptomsp. 237
Treatmentp. 237
Rheumatoid Arthritisp. 241
Goutp. 241
Causep. 241
Treatmentp. 241
Fibromyalgiap. 242
Symptomsp. 242
Treatmentp. 243
Osteoporosisp. 245
Foot and Ankle Problemsp. 245
Heel Pain (Heel Spur and Plantar Fasciitis)p. 245
Heel Spurp. 246
Plantar Fasciitisp. 246
Bunionsp. 246
Ankle Sprainp. 247
Knee Problemsp. 248
Arthritisp. 249
Abnormalities in Structurep. 249
Tears in Cartilagep. 249
Ligament Injuriesp. 249
Bursitisp. 250
Treatment of Knee Problemsp. 250
Hip Problemsp. 251
Bursitisp. 251
Arthritisp. 251
Hand and Wrist Problemsp. 252
Ganglion Cystp. 252
Carpal Tunnel Syndromep. 252
DeQuervain's Tenosynovitisp. 253
Arthritisp. 253
Elbow Problemsp. 253
Tennis Elbowp. 253
Ulnar Nerve Entrapmentp. 254
Olecranon Bursitisp. 255
Shoulder Problemsp. 255
Spine Problemsp. 257
Neck Painp. 257
Neck Strainp. 258
Arthritisp. 373
Lower Back Painp. 258
Disc Problemsp. 261
Sciaticap. 262
Costochondritisp. 263
Chapter 26 Women's Healthp. 265
The Menstrual Cyclep. 266
Irregularities in Menstrual Cyclesp. 266
Fibroids (Leiomyoma uteri)p. 268
Birth Control Pillsp. 270
The Chemistry of Estrogensp. 271
Menopause and the Effects of Estrogensp. 273
Hormone Replacement Therapyp. 274
Estrogen and Breast Cancerp. 276
Estrogen and Heart Diseasep. 277
Who Shouldn't Take Estrogen Replacement Therapyp. 279
...And Who Might Benefit from Estrogen Replacement Therapyp. 280
Colon Cancerp. 280
Dementiap. 280
Macular Degenerationp. 280
Skin Elasticityp. 280
Urogenital Atrophyp. 281
Psychological Symptomsp. 281
The Estrogen Controversy: What's a Woman to do Now?p. 281
Premenstrual Syndromep. 282
Breast Cancer Screeningp. 283
The Breast Self-Examp. 284
Mammogramsp. 285
Preparing for a Mammogramp. 285
Mammogram Resultsp. 285
Other Breast Evaluation Techniquesp. 286
Chapter 27 Men's Health Issuesp. 289
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophyp. 290
Prostatitisp. 291
Prostate Cancerp. 291
Erectile Dysfunctionp. 294
Testosterone Deficiencyp. 297
Chapter 28 The Neurological Systemp. 299
Headachep. 301
Headache Management: Basic Principlesp. 302
Migraine Headachesp. 303
Symptomsp. 304
Causesp. 304
Treatmentp. 305
Tension Type Headachesp. 306
Cluster Headachesp. 307
Chronic Daily Headachesp. 307
Post-Traumatic Headachesp. 308
Sinus Headachesp. 308
Headaches in the Elderlyp. 309
Trigeminal Neuralgiap. 310
Myofascial Pain Syndromes ("TMJ Disorder")p. 310
Dizzinessp. 310
Vertigop. 311
Orthostatic Hypotension ("Impending Faint")p. 312
Disequilibrium and Giddinessp. 313
Syncopep. 313
Sleep Disordersp. 315
Insomniap. 316
Sleep Apneap. 319
Sleep Disorders and Agingp. 319
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorderp. 320
Dementiap. 321
Depression and Dementiap. 322
Delusions and Hallucinationsp. 322
Agitation and Aggressionp. 323
Normal Pressure Hydrocephalusp. 323
Alzheimer's Diseasep. 323
Improving the Lives of Patients with Dementiap. 324
Parkinson's Diseasep. 325
Peripheral Neuropathiesp. 326
Restless Leg Syndromep. 327
Seizuresp. 328
Multiple Sclerosisp. 329
Chapter 29 Mental Healthp. 333
Panic Disorderp. 333
Stage Frightp. 335
Generalized Anxiety Disorderp. 336
Eating Disordersp. 336
Anorexia Nervosap. 336
Bulimia Nervosap. 337
Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosap. 337
Depressionp. 338
Glossaryp. 341
Resourcesp. 367
Indexp. 379
Order Formp. 409