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Synthesis of inorganic materials
Schubert, U. (Ulrich)
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Publication Information:
Weinheim ; New York : Wiley-VCH , [2000]

Physical Description:
xvii, 396 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Introduction -- Solid-state reactions -- Formation of solid from the gas phase -- Formation of solids from solutions and melts -- Preparation and modification of inorganic polymers -- Porous materials -- Nanostructured materials.
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QD156 .S38 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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The preparation process of inorganic materials is one of the most important aspects of material science. Not only the chemical composition of a particular material plays a crucial role for many applications but also its structure. The proper choice of the chemical precursors and the preparation technique to obtain a material with the desired chemical and physical properties is a challenge for both material scientists and inorganic chemists.

This is the first book to give a comprehensive overview of the current methods for chemical synthesis of inorganic materials. The spectrum ranges from solid state reactions, CVD, reactions of aqueous systems, preparation and modification of inorganic polymers to the synthesis of tailored porous materials. With examples of selected technically applied materials for each method the general principles and requirements as well as the material properties and application of the resulting products are discussed. Numerous tables with further examples help to assess the scope and limitation of the various methods and to choose a suitable synthesis for a given problem. First and foremost directed to students in chemistry, material sciences and physics this book will also be appreciated by advanced scientists in these fields as a valuable reference book for inorganic synthesis.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

Schubert (Vienna Univ. of Technology, Austria) and Husing (Ulm Univ., Germany) have condensed the preparation of inorganic materials into a complete and very readable account in this third edition of Synthesis of Inorganic Materials (2nd ed., 2003; 1st ed., 2000). The authors have divided the subject up by preparation method. These include solid-state reactions, formation from the gas phase, formation from liquids and melts, and preparation of polymers and templated and nanostructured materials. These methods cover the formation of everything ranging from the solid-state formation of superconducting ceramics to the chemical vapor deposition method of semiconductor preparation, to glass formation, to the formation of nanowires, and many more materials in between. Some types of materials show up in several places, since they can be prepared using several methods. As a chemist, this reviewer appreciated the inclusion of the chemistry of these materials throughout the text. As a teacher, he appreciated the real-world applications. The authors have succeeded in writing a text that spans chemistry and materials science, with practical applications in both areas. It is a useful reference for interested audiences. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates, graduate students, researchers/faculty, and professionals/practitioners. S. S. Mason University of Mount Union

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition
1 Introduction
2 Solid-State Reactions
2.1 Reactions Between Solid Compounds
2.1.1 Ceramic Method
2.1.2 Carbothermal Reduction
2.1.3 Combustion Synthesis
2.1.4 Sintering
2.2 Solid-Gas Reactions
2.3 Decomposition and Dehydration Reactions
2.4 Intercalation Reactions
2.4.1 General Aspects
2.4.2 Preparative Methods
2.4.3 Pillaring of Layered Compounds
2.5 Further Reading
3 Formation of Solids from the Gas Phase
3.1 Chemical Vapor Transport
3.2 Chemical Vapor Deposition
3.2.1 General Aspects
3.2.2 Metal CVD
3.2.3 Diamond CVD
3.2.4 CVD of Metal Oxides
3.2.5 CVD of Metal Nitrides
3.2.6 CVD of Compound Semiconductors
3.3 Aerosol Processes
3.4 Further Reading
4 Formation of Solids from Solutions and Melts
4.1 Glass
4.1.1 The Structural Theory of Glass Formation
4.1.2 Crystallization versus Glass Formation
4.1.3 Glass Melting
4.1.4 Metallic Glasses
4.2 Precipitation
4.3 Biomaterials
4.3.1 Biogenic Materials and Biomineralization
4.3.2 Synthetic Biomaterials
4.3.3 Biomimetic Materials Chemistry
4.4 Solvothermal Processes
4.4.1 Hydrothermal Synthesis of Single Crystals
4.4.2 Hydrothermal Synthesis
4.4.3 Hydrothermal Leaching
4.5 Sol-Gel Processes
4.5.1 The Physics of Sols
4.5.2 Sol-Gel Processing of Silicate Materials
4.5.3 Sol-Gel Chemistry of Metal Oxides
4.5.4 Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Materials
4.6 Further Reading
5 Preparation and Modification of Inorganic Polymers
5.1 General Aspects
5.1.1 Polymeric Materials
5.1.2 Crosslinking
5.1.3 Preceramic Polymers
5.2 Polysiloxanes (Silicones
5.2.1 Properties and Applications of Silicones
5.2.2 Structure of Silicones
5.2.3 Preparation of Silicones
5.3 Polyphosphazenes
5.3.1 Properties and Applications of Polyphosphazenes
5.3.2 Preparation and Modification
5.4 Polysilanes
5.4.1 Properties and Applications of Polysilanes
5.4.2 Preparation and Modification of Polysilanes
5.4.3 Crosslinking of Polysilanes
5.5 Polycarbosilanes
5.5.1 SiC Fibers from Polycarbosilanes (Yajima Process
5.5.2 Chemical Issues of Polymer Preparation, Curing and Pyrolysis
5.6 Polysilazanes and Polycarbosilazanes
5.6.1 Preparation of Polysilazanes and Polycarbosilazanes
5.6.2 Curing and Pyrolysis Reactions
5.7 Other Inorganic Polymers
5.7.1 Other Phosphorus-Containing Polymers
5.7.2 Poly(oxothiazenes
5.7.3 Transition Metal-Containing Polymers
5.7.4 Preceramic Polymers for BN
5.8 Further Reading
6 Porous Materials
6.1 Introduction to Porosity
6.2 Metallic Foams and Porous Metals
6.2.1 Casting Techniques
6.2.2 Gas-Eutectic Transformation
6.2.3 Powder Metallurgy
6.2.4 Metal Deposition
6.3 Aerogels
6.3.1 Drying Methods
6.3.2 Properties and Applications
6.4 Porous Solids with an Ordered Porosity
6.4.1 Microporous Crystalline Solids
6.4.2 Mesoporous Solids with Ordered Porosity
6.4.3 Macroporous Solids with Ordered Porosity
6.5 Incorporation of Functional Groups into Porous Materials
6.6 Further Reading
7 Nanostructured Materials
7.1 Nanoparticles and Nanocrystalline Materials
7.1.1 Nanocrystalline Ceramics
7.1.2 Semiconductor Nanoparticles
7.1.3 Metal Nanoparticles
7.2 Nanotubes
7.3 Mono- and Multilayers
7.3.1 Multilayers of Inorganic Materials
7.3.2 Langmuir Monolayers
7.3.3 Self-assembled Monolayers
7.4 Further Reading
8 Glossary