Cover image for Chemical and biological warfare : a reference handbook
Chemical and biological warfare : a reference handbook
Mauroni, Albert J., 1962-
Personal Author:
First edition.
Publication Information:
Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, [2003]

Physical Description:
xvii, 243 pages ; 24 cm.

Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
UG447.8 .M33 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



The first introductory work of its kind to survey the fundamentals, policies, and strategies of chemical and biological warfare from 1915 to the present.

* Includes a detailed chronology of key chemical and biological warfare issues from 1915 to the present

* Provides a glossary of key military chemical and biological warfare terms used in the text

Author Notes

Al Mauroni is a senior policy analyst for Analytic Sciences, Inc., working for the Department of Defense's chemical and biological defense program.

Reviews 1

School Library Journal Review

Gr 10 Up-Mauroni's authoritative, broad discussion does not delve into the moral and ethical implications of the use of chemical and biological (CB) weapons; his intent is to explain why nations would seek to develop them. The author provides a brief history of their development and discusses some of the more controversial episodes in their history, such as the use of human volunteers and open-air testing and the use of CB weapons in the Persian Gulf War. Also discussed are delivery systems for these weapons, and defense. Several case studies are provided, from the use of gas in World War I to the anthrax scare in 2001. The last part of the book offers a list of the names of organizations for further information and a lengthy list for further research of books, journals, and Internet sites that is valuable for the number of viewpoints it represents. Readers may find the glossary somewhat limited. This book is most suitable for students seeking in-depth information rather than ready-reference answers.-Elizabeth M. Reardon, McCallie School, Chattanooga, TN (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
1 Addressing Chemical and Biological Warfarep. 1
Defining CB Warfarep. 2
In the Beginning: World War Ip. 5
The Threat Increases: World War IIp. 10
The Cold War Startsp. 13
The Vietnam Conflictp. 15
Changing Perceptions: 1968-1976p. 16
Disarming the Superpowersp. 18
Continued Proliferationp. 20
Conclusionsp. 21
Notesp. 23
2 Issues and Controversiesp. 27
The U.S. Offensive CB Warfare Programp. 28
Herbicides and Tear Gasp. 30
Human Volunteer Testingp. 32
Open-Air Testingp. 33
The 1968 Dugway Proving Ground Incidentp. 34
President Nixon's 1969 BW Program Declarationp. 36
The Binary Chemical Weapons Programp. 38
The U.S. Chemical Demilitarization Programp. 41
CB Warfare Agent Exposure after the Persian Gulf Warp. 43
Developing Medical Countermeasures against Biological Warfare Agentsp. 46
Protection from Terrorist Use of CB Weaponsp. 48
Notesp. 51
3 Why Countries Develop Chemical and Biological Weaponsp. 53
Europep. 56
The Former Soviet Union and Russia Todayp. 59
East Asiap. 62
South Asiap. 65
Middle East and Africap. 67
The Western Hemispherep. 72
Notesp. 72
4 CB Warfare Chronologyp. 75
Early History (1000 B.C.?--A.D. 1899)p. 75
Birth of Modern Chemical Warfare (1915-1946)p. 76
Cold War Era (1947-1990)p. 77
Proliferation of CB Weapons (1968 to the Present)p. 78
CBW Time Linep. 80
5 CB Weapon Systemsp. 99
Chemical Warfare Agentsp. 101
Chemical Weapon Delivery Systemsp. 107
Biological Warfare Agentsp. 109
Biological Weapon Delivery Systemsp. 114
CB Terrorismp. 116
Notesp. 119
6 Defenses against CB Weaponsp. 121
The Traditional Warfightp. 122
Protecting Military Installationsp. 127
Homeland Securityp. 130
Focusing on the Responsep. 132
Summaryp. 142
Notesp. 143
7 Case Studiesp. 145
Gas at Caporettop. 146
Egyptian Use of Chemical Weaponsp. 148
The Iran-Iraq Warp. 150
Operations Desert Shield and Desert Stormp. 154
Mr. Anthrax Goes to Washingtonp. 163
Summaryp. 166
Notesp. 166
8 Organizations, Associations, and Government and International Agenciesp. 169
9 Print and Nonprint Resourcesp. 189
Books and Journal Articlesp. 190
Journals, Bulletins, and Newslettersp. 203
Government Documents and Agency Publicationsp. 206
Internet Information Sourcesp. 212
Glossaryp. 219
Indexp. 229
About the Authorp. 245