Cover image for Baseball scorekeeping : a practical guide to the rules
Baseball scorekeeping : a practical guide to the rules
Wirkmaa, Andres.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., [2003]

Physical Description:
viii, 270 pages ; 23 cm
General Note:
Includes index.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
GV879 .W57 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



Many fans enjoy keeping track of baseball action with easy abbreviations written on simple grids. Serious scorekeeping, however, is more complicated than just jotting down runs, outs, and the final score. Official scorekeeping requires a thorough knowledge of a large body of rules--many of which are confusing, and all of which must be followed carefully to ensure that the scorekeeper's data are valid. With confidence and enthusiasm, Andres Wirkmaa leads the reader through the daunting maze of rules that govern official scorekeeping. Chapters explain and clarify the official scorer's duties, responsibilities and authority; the official scorer's reports; and all the game-to-game details such as player listings, substitute batters and runners, out-of-turn batters, called and forfeited games, runs batted in, base hits, stolen bases, sacrifices, putouts, assists, double and triple plays, errors (and instances when errors are not charged), wild pitches and passed balls, bases on balls, strikeouts, earned runs, winning and losing pitchers, and saves. Also covered are statistics, percentage records, minimum standards for individual championships, and consecutive hitting and playing streaks.

Author Notes

Wyckoff, New Jersey, attorney Andres Wirkmaa coaches baseball, has served as official scorekeeper for amateur baseball leagues, and is a member of SABR

Table of Contents

Preface: Why Scorekeeping Is Importantp. 1
1 Rule 10.01--The Duties, Responsibilities and Authority of the Official Scorerp. 5
2 Rule 10.02--Official Scorer's Reportsp. 16
3 Rule 10.03--Miscellaneous Mattersp. 25
Player Listingsp. 25
Substitute Batters and Runnersp. 26
Proving a Box Scorep. 27
Players Batting Out of Turnp. 28
Called and Forfeited Gamesp. 34
4 Rule 10.04--Crediting Runs Batted Inp. 36
5 Rule 10.05--Crediting Base Hitsp. 46
6 Rule 10.06--Withhholding Credit for Base Hitsp. 58
7 Rule 10.07--Determining the Value of Base Hitsp. 70
8 Rule 10.08--Crediting Stolen Basesp. 82
9 Rule 10.09--Crediting Sacrifice Bunts and Sacrifice Fliesp. 103
10 Rule 10.10--Crediting Putoutsp. 118
11 Rule 10.11--Crediting Assistsp. 126
12 Rule 10.12--Crediting Double Plays and Triple Playsp. 134
13 Rule 10.13--Charging Errorsp. 140
14 Rule 10.14--Not Charging Errorsp. 157
15 Rule 10.15--Charging Wild Pitches and Passed Ballsp. 170
16 Rule 10.16--Walksp. 174
17 Rule 10.17--Strikeoutsp. 179
18 Rule 10.18--Determining Earned Runsp. 185
19 Rule 10.19--Determining Winning and Losing Pitchersp. 218
20 Rule 10.20--Crediting Savesp. 230
21 Rule 10.21--The Duties of the Official Statisticianp. 236
22 Rule 10.22--Formulas for Determining Percentage Recordsp. 239
23 Rule 10.23--Minimum Standards for Determining Seasonal Percentage Record Championshipsp. 252
24 Rule 10.24--Criteria for Consecutive Hitting and Playing Streaksp. 259
Indexp. 267