Cover image for Juvenile crime, juvenile justice
Title:
Juvenile crime, juvenile justice
Author:
McCord, Joan.
Publication Information:
Washington, DC : National Academy Press, [2001]

©2001
Physical Description:
xviii, 384 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
General Note:
"Panel on juvenile crime: Prevention, treatment, and control, Committee on Law and Justice, and Board on Children, Youth, and Families, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council, and Institute of Medicine."
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780309068420
Format :
Book

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Status
Central Library HV9104 .J832 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

Even though youth crime rates have fallen since the mid-1990s, public fear and political rhetoric over the issue have heightened. The Columbine shootings and other sensational incidents add to the furor. Often overlooked are the underlying problems of child poverty, social disadvantage, and the pitfalls inherent to adolescent decisionmaking that contribute to youth crime. From a policy standpoint, adolescent offenders are caught in the crossfire between nurturance of youth and punishment of criminals, between rehabilitation and "get tough" pronouncements. In the midst of this emotional debate, the National Research Council's Panel on Juvenile Crime steps forward with an authoritative review of the best available data and analysis. Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice presents recommendations for addressing the many aspects of America's youth crime problem.

This timely release discusses patterns and trends in crimes by children and adolescents--trends revealed by arrest data, victim reports, and other sources; youth crime within general crime; and race and sex disparities. The book explores desistance--the probability that delinquency or criminal activities decrease with age--and evaluates different approaches to predicting future crime rates.

Why do young people turn to delinquency? Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice presents what we know and what we urgently need to find out about contributing factors, ranging from prenatal care, differences in temperament, and family influences to the role of peer relationships, the impact of the school policies toward delinquency, and the broader influences of the neighborhood and community. Equally important, this book examines a range of solutions:

Prevention and intervention efforts directed to individuals, peer groups, and families, as well as day care-, school- and community-based initiatives. Intervention within the juvenile justice system. Role of the police. Processing and detention of youth offenders. Transferring youths to the adult judicial system. Residential placement of juveniles.


The book includes background on the American juvenile court system, useful comparisons with the juvenile justice systems of other nations, and other important information for assessing this problem.


Table of Contents

Kenneth C. Land and Patricia L. McCall
Executive Summaryp. 1
1 Introductionp. 13
Child and Adolescent Development: Not Just Little Adultsp. 15
International Perspectivep. 17
Charge to the Panelp. 21
Definitions Used in This Reportp. 23
Plan of the Reportp. 23
2 Patterns and Trends in Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justicep. 25
Sources of Datap. 26
Crime Trendsp. 32
Girls and Delinquencyp. 57
Forecasting Trends in Juvenile Crimep. 60
Conclusionsp. 62
Recommendationsp. 63
3 The Development of Delinquencyp. 66
Individual-Level Risk Factorsp. 67
Social Factorsp. 74
Community Factorsp. 83
The Development of Delinquency in Girlsp. 100
Conclusionsp. 103
Recommendationsp. 104
4 Preventing Juvenile Crimep. 107
Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency Through Family Interventionsp. 108
School-Based Preventive Interventionsp. 121
Peer-Group Based Interventionsp. 135
Community-Based Interventionsp. 138
Conclusionsp. 151
Recommendationsp. 152
5 The Juvenile Justice Systemp. 154
History of the Juvenile Justice Systemp. 157
The Juvenile Justice System in the 1990sp. 162
Justice System Involvement and Employmentp. 200
Girls in the Juvenile Justice Systemp. 203
Recent Legislative Changes Affecting the Juvenile Courtp. 204
Impact of Legislative Changesp. 214
Conclusionsp. 222
Recommendationsp. 224
6 Race, Crime, and Juvenile Justice: The Issue of Racial Disparityp. 228
Introductionp. 228
Racial Disparity in the Juvenile Justice Systemp. 231
Bias in the Juvenile Justice Systemp. 242
Compound Riskp. 254
Conclusions and Recommendationsp. 258
Referencesp. 261
Appendixes
A Definition of Offenses Used in Uniform Crime Reportingp. 315
B The Indeterminancy of Forecasts of Crime Rates and Juvenile Offensesp. 319
C Workshop Agendasp. 349
D Biographical Sketchesp. 355
Indexp. 363

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