Cover image for Coastal hazard management : lessons and future directions from New Jersey
Coastal hazard management : lessons and future directions from New Jersey
Psuty, Norbert P.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, [2002]

Physical Description:
xii, 429 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
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Electronic Access:
Table of contents
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Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
TC224.N5 P78 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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As with most shorelines around the world, New Jersey beaches are slowly, but inexorably, being eroded, threatening coastal structures and development. In some years more sand is deposited than removed, but all of the state's monitoring devices show that sea level is gradually rising and pushing the New Jersey shoreline inland. The shore is a valuable resource, and its natural, cultural, and economic attractions draw a multitude of permanent and temporary residents each year, extending housing and commercial development onto areas that were once swampland. Not surprisingly, development at the water's edge has been accompanied by an increasing exposure to the natural hazards of the coastal zone--erosion, flooding, and wind damage.

In this book, Norbert Psuty and Douglas Ofiara incorporate perspectives from the areas of coastal sciences, economics, public policy, and land-use planning in creating a systematic plan for coastal management and protection. It has been more than a decade since New Jersey developed the nation's first state shore protection plan, and this volume provides a timely evaluation of its achievements and future challenges. This self-contained book provides all of the relevant theories, models, and examples so the reader will not need to refer to any other literature to gain an understanding of the issues and policies surrounding shore protection. It is the authoritative handbook for practitioners and policy makers in many fields, including coastal science and management and engineering, as well as public policy and economics.

Author Notes

Norbert P. Psuty is the director of the Sandy Hook Cooperative Research Programs, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University
Douglas D. Ofiara is an assistant professor of public policy and management, Edmund S. Muskie School of Public Service, University of Southern Maine, and is a visiting scholar with the Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences at Rutgers University

Reviews 1

Choice Review

Psuty (Rutgers Univ.) and Ofiara (Univ. of Southern Maine) offer a useful and accessible compendium (11 chapters and two appendixes) of the multiple issues associated with coastal management efforts in New Jersey. The state's engineering efforts to mitigate shore erosion and the latest scientific understanding of the origin, evolution, and processes of the dynamic New Jersey shoreline are conjoined to economic, public policy, and management practices designed to oversee the ecologic health and integrity of these fragile coastal environments. Focusing on a specific sector of the Atlantic shoreline is a useful approach to unpacking the complexity of scientific, management, and policy decisions, as community and state representatives strive to balance the private and public uses of the New Jersey shore with the area's ecologic vitality. This easy-to-read resource has an extensive (more than 250 entries), updated reference list. Particularly useful are the final chapters, which reassess coastal management strategies of New Jersey, including options and future directions for the long-term stewardship of the region. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. All levels. P. R. Pinet Colgate University

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Chapter 1 Dynamic Coastal Systems: Illustrations from New Jerseyp. 1
Chapter 2 New Jersey's Shoreline: Coastal Features and Geomorphological Historyp. 9
Development of Information
Beaches and Coasts
New Jersey's Coastal Characteristics and Delineation
Geomorphological Regions
The Reach Concept in Management
Chapter 3 Shoreline Change: Historical Displacementp. 79
Sediment Supply
Sea-Level Rise
Changes in Shoreline Position
New Erosion Data: New Jersey Beach Profile Network
Identification of High-Hazard Zones
Application to Management
Chapter 4 Coastal Storms: Their Importance to Coastal Systems and Managementp. 106
Post-1980 Stormy Weather
Identification of Northeasters and Hurricanes
Significant Coastal Storms
Measures of Storm Severity and Intervals of Recurrence
Chapter 5 Sea-Level Rise: Its Dimensions and Implicationsp. 133
Pertinent Studies on Sea-Level Rise
Rate Changes in Sea-Level Rise in New Jersey
Future Storm Levels
General Options for Management
The Atlantic City Tide Gauge Revisited: Reason to Pause
Challenges for New Jersey
Chapter 6 Hard and Soft Approaches to Coastal Stabilizationp. 157
Application to New Jersey
Structural "Hard" Approaches
Nonstructural "Soft" Approaches
An Overview of Beach Nourishment in New Jersey
Chapter 7 Coastal Dunes: A Natural Bufferp. 189
Characteristics of Coastal Dunes
Interest in Dunes and Dune Management
Dune Management Objectives
Placement and Dimensions of a Dune
Building and Enhancing Coastal Dunes
Coastal Dune Restoration and Maintenance
Developing a Dune Protection and Maintenance Ordinance
Chapter 8 Coastal Economics: Application to Coastal Management, Shoreline Stabilization, and Tourismp. 217
Economic Principles of Shoreline-Stabilization Management: An Introduction
Economic Measures
Economic Methods
Economic Aspects of Beach Use, Shoreline Management, and Coastal Tourism
Summary: Beach Use and Stabilization Values
Policy Overview
Chapter 9 Hazard Management as a Component of Coastal Managementp. 280
Hazard Management Applied to Coastal Policy
New Directions and Objectives
Mitigation in New Jersey
Consistency of State and Federal Efforts
Formulating the State Plan in Terms of the National Mitigation Strategy
Future of Hazard Management in Shoreline Management
Chapter 10 The Reassessment of Coastal Management in New Jerseyp. 324
Background: The New Jersey Shore Protection Master Plan
The Process of the Reassessment
Education, Outreach, and Interpretive Programs for the Precollege Community
Library Information Systems and Internet Home Page
Results of Public Interactions
Chapter 11 Coastal and Hazard Management: Trends, Options, and Future Directionsp. 354
Public Policy, the Insurance Industry, and Natural Catastrophes: Recent Trends
Insights from Recent Hazard Mitigation Efforts
Policy Outlook
Options Addressing Hazards in the United States
Options and Future Directions
The State of New Jersey's Policy and Management Approach
Appendix A Model Municipal Dune Protection Ordinancep. 389
Appendix B Estimated Expenditures on Travel and Tourism in New Jersey, 1987-1994p. 402
Notesp. 409
Referencesp. 411
Indexp. 421