Cover image for Trees, shrubs, and vines for attracting birds
Title:
Trees, shrubs, and vines for attracting birds
Author:
DeGraaf, Richard M.
Personal Author:
Edition:
Second edition, revised.
Publication Information:
Hanover : University Press of New England, [2002]

©2002
Physical Description:
xiii, 169 pages : illustrations, map ; 28 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9781584652151
Format :
Book

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QL676.5 .D38 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Oversize
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Summary

Summary

Revised and updated, this new edition of a much sought-after classic remains the best source for information about the trees, shrubs, and vines that provide bird habitats and feeding sources in the United States and Canada from the Atlantic coast to the Rocky Mountains and beyond. More than 160 species of trees, shrubs, and vines that provide food, cover, and nesting for common North American birds are highlighted, with instructions on designing a landscape habitat that attracts desired bird species.

For each plant species the author provides a description, flowering and fruiting periods, preferred habitat conditions, growing ranges, and hardiness zones. Detailed instructions cover propagation, transplantation, landscape, and site requirements. The new edition includes updated data, expanded bird/plant preference indexes, 24 new photographs of trees and plants in actual backyard habitats, and 64 detailed drawings of branches, leaves, and berries for easy identification.


Author Notes

Richard M. DeGraaf is Leader of the U.S. Forest Service Wildlife Habitat Research Unit in Amherst, Massachusetts.


Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. xi
Trees
Balsam Firp. 3
Boxelderp. 3
Norway Maplep. 4
Red Maplep. 5
Silver Maplep. 5
Sugar Maplep. 6
Downy Serviceberryp. 8
Shadblow Serviceberryp. 9
Smooth Serviceberryp. 10
Sweet Birchp. 10
Yellow Birchp. 11
Paper Birchp. 13
Gray Birchp. 13
American Hornbeamp. 16
Pignut Hickoryp. 17
Shagbark Hickoryp. 17
Mockernut Hickoryp. 19
Common Hackberryp. 20
Flowering Dogwoodp. 21
Common Persimmonp. 23
American Beechp. 25
White Ashp. 26
Black Ashp. 27
Green Ashp. 27
American Hollyp. 28
Butternutp. 28
Eastern Black Walnutp. 30
Eastern Red Cedarp. 32
American Larchp. 34
American Sweetgump. 35
Yellow-Poplarp. 36
Common Applep. 37
Crabapplesp. 37
White Mulberryp. 39
Red Mulberryp. 39
Black Tupelop. 41
American Hop-Hornbeamp. 42
White Sprucep. 42
Colorado Sprucep. 44
Red Sprucep. 44
Red Pinep. 45
Pitch Pinep. 46
Eastern White Pinep. 46
Scots Pinep. 50
Eastern Cottonwoodp. 50
Bigtooth Aspenp. 51
Quaking Aspenp. 52
Pin Cherryp. 52
Black Cherryp. 53
Common Chokecherryp. 55
White Oakp. 56
Scarlet Oakp. 58
Pin Oakp. 58
Northern Red Oakp. 59
Black Oakp. 59
Black Willowp. 60
Common Sassafrasp. 61
American Mountain-Ashp. 61
Northern White Cedarp. 62
Eastern Hemlockp. 64
American Elmp. 65
Shrubs
Speckled Alderp. 69
Smooth Alderp. 69
Bartram Serviceberryp. 70
Devil's Walkingstickp. 71
Common Bearberryp. 72
Red Chokeberryp. 73
Black Chokeberryp. 74
Japanese Barberryp. 74
Common Barberryp. 75
Eastern Chinkapinp. 76
Buttonbushp. 76
Sweetfernp. 77
Alternate-Leaf Dogwoodp. 78
Silky Dogwoodp. 79
Bunchberryp. 80
Gray Dogwoodp. 80
Red Osierp. 81
American Hazel-Nutp. 83
Beaked Hazel-Nutp. 84
Hawthornsp. 84
Russian Olivep. 86
Autumn Olivep. 87
Huckleberriesp. 88
Black Huckleberryp. 88
Box Huckleberryp. 89
Dwarf Huckleberryp. 89
Dangleberryp. 90
Witch-Hazelp. 91
Shrubby St. Johnswortp. 92
Inkberryp. 92
Smooth Winterberryp. 93
Common Winterberryp. 94
Common Juniperp. 95
Common Spicebushp. 97
Honeysucklesp. 98
Northern Bayberryp. 100
Scarlet Firethornp. 101
Alderleaf Buckthornp. 102
Common Buckthornp. 102
Glossy Buckthornp. 103
Flameleaf Sumacp. 103
Smooth Sumacp. 104
Staghorn Sumacp. 105
American Black Currantp. 106
Pasture Gooseberryp. 107
Rosesp. 108
Bramblesp. 110
Pussy Willowp. 111
Small Willowp. 112
Purpleosier Willowp. 112
American Elderp. 113
Scarlet Elderp. 114
Narrowleaf Meadowsweetp. 115
Broadleaf Meadowsweetp. 116
Hardhackp. 116
Common Snowberryp. 117
Coralberryp. 118
Canada Yewp. 119
Lowbush Blueberryp. 120
Highbush Blueberryp. 121
Mapleleaf Viburnump. 122
Hobblebushp. 123
Wild Raisinp. 124
Southern Arrowwoodp. 125
Northern Arrowwoodp. 125
Nannyberryp. 126
American Cranberrybushp. 126
Vines
Heartleaf Ampelopsisp. 131
Common Trumpetcreeperp. 131
American Bittersweetp. 132
Common Moonseedp. 133
Virginia Creeperp. 133
Cat Greenbrierp. 135
Common Greenbrierp. 135
Poison Ivyp. 136
Grapesp. 137
Appendixes
Appendix 1 Plant Hardiness Zone Mapp. 143
Appendix 2 Flowering and Fruiting Periodsp. 145
Flowering and Fruiting Periods of Low Treesp. 146
Flowering and Fruiting Periods of Intermediate Treesp. 147
Flowering and Fruiting Periods of Tall Treesp. 148
Flowering and Fruiting Periods of Low Shrubsp. 149
Flowering and Fruiting Periods of Intermediate Shrubsp. 150
Flowering and Fruiting Periods of Tall Shrubsp. 151
Flowering and Fruiting Periods of Vinesp. 152
Appendix 3 Precautions on Invasive Plantsp. 153
Potentially Invasive Plantsp. 153
Appendix 4 Plants for Specific Growing Conditionsp. 155
Plants That Will Grow in Dry Sandy Soilsp. 155
Plants for Wet Soils Poorly Drained Areasp. 155
Street Trees and Shrubs That Are Valuable for Birdsp. 156
Plants That Withstand City Conditionsp. 156
Some Salt-Tolerant Plantsp. 156
Referencesp. 159
Glossaryp. 163
Indexp. 165