Cover image for American journalism : history, principles, practices
Title:
American journalism : history, principles, practices
Author:
Sloan, W. David (William David), 1947-
Publication Information:
Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., [2002]

©2002
Physical Description:
vi, 378 pages ; 26 cm
Language:
English
Contents:
1. The purposes of journalism -- 2. Politics and partisanship -- 3. The press and government -- 4. Concepts of news -- 5. Ethics -- 6. Press criticism -- 7. Characteristics of journalists -- 8. Training and education of journalists -- 9. Women in journalism -- 10. Publishers -- 11. Economics, business, and financial motivations -- 12. Mergers, chains, monopoly, and competition -- 13. Freedom of the press -- 14. Press rights and laws -- 15. News gathering -- 16. Cooperative news gathering -- 17. Coverage of washington -- 18. The press and U.S. presidents -- 19. Coverage of political campaigns -- 20. Coverage of crime -- 21. Coverage of sports -- 22. Investigative journalism -- 23. Reform journalism, exposés, and crusading -- 24. The press and war -- 25. War coverage -- 26. Foreign correspondence -- 27. Objectivity -- 28. Sensationalism and tabloidism -- 29. Radio journalism -- 30. Television news -- 31. News writing structure and style -- 32. Editorial writing -- 33. Newspaper design -- 34. Newspaper illustrations -- 35. Photojournalism -- 36. Cartoons, comics, and caricature -- 37. Technologies of news gathering and transmission -- 38. Printing technologies.
ISBN:
9780786413713
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

News consumers made cynical by sensationalist banners--"AMERICA STRIKES BACK," "THE TERROR OF ANTHRAX"--and lurid leads might be surprised to learn that in 1690, the newspaper Publick Occurrences gossiped about the sexual indiscretions of French royalty or seasoned the story of missing children by adding that "barbarous Indians were lurking about" before the disappearance. Surprising, too, might be the media's steady adherence to, if continual tugging at, its philosophical and ethical moorings. These 39 essays, written and edited by the nation's leading professors of journalism, cover the theory and practice of print, radio, and TV news reporting. Politics and partisanship, press and the government, gender and the press corps, presidential coverage, war reportage, technology and news gathering, sensationalism: each subject is treated individually. Appropriate for interested lay persons, students, professors and reporters. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here .


Author Notes

Author and editor of numerous books W. David Sloan is retired from teaching journalism at the University of Alabama. He lives in Northport, Alabama. Lisa Mullikin Parcell, is a professor of communication at Wichita State University.


Reviews 2

Library Journal Review

Published in 1690, Publick Occurrences, Both Forreign and Domestick, was the first newspaper in the American Colonies and perhaps the shortest lived, as the authorities banned it after one issue. With this beginning, American journalism has changed dramatically over its 300-year history, from the early years of partisan political newspapers to today's multimedia coverage of all aspects of life. Sloan, a professor of journalism at the University of Alabama, and Parcell, a doctoral candidate there, have collected 39 essays, each providing a historical overview of an important aspect of journalism history. Topics include theoretical subjects like ethics and objectivity, types of news coverage such as photojournalism and foreign correspondence, and issues related to technology, including television journalism and news transmission. The contributors are primarily academics, and each short essay concludes with a list of selected readings. With each essay written by a different specialist and the collection arranged in no discernible order, readers can pick and choose the selections they prefer. Since the book, with its double-column format, has the look and feel of a textbook, it is most appropriate for academic libraries. Judy Solberg, George Washington Univ. Lib., Washington, DC (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Choice Review

This is a solid, comprehensive, and readable book, more history, though, than principles and practices. Its 39 essays blanket the field of journalism from 1690 to 2002, from Benjamin Harris to Ted Koppel; its contributors, including Margaret Blanchard and coeditor Sloan (both editors, Univ. of Alaska), are among the best theorists, teachers, practitioners, and reporters in the profession. Because the pieces are short, an average of nine pages, the reader gains only an introduction or a sweeping overview of the topics. With such limitations, essays with titles like "The Press and US Presidents" and "Technologies of New Gathering and Transmission" are teasers. But each essay includes a bibliography of selected readings and notes (many of the latter including additional bibliographic sources). This book provides excellent supplementary reading for journalism classes at all levels, and it will also be appreciated by lay readers. S. W. Whyte Montgomery County Community College


Table of Contents

Julie Hedgepeth WilliamsFord RisleyPaulette D. KilmerNorma GreenJohn D. Keeler and William Brown and Douglas TarpleyLinda J. LumsdenJim UpshawJoseph A. MirandoCarolyn KitchFred BlevensDane S. ClaussenJim McPhersonMargaret A. BlanchardGreg LisbyMichael A. LonginowRichard A. SchwarzloseElliot KingJames D. StarttJohn Allen Hendricks and Shannon K. McCrawEarnest L. PerryJon EnriquezJames AucoinHelen RoundsDebra Reddin van TuyllManuel O. TorresCatherine CassaraBruce J. EvensenErika J. Pribanic-SmithGary W. LarsonWilliam E. HuntzickerTim P. VosW. David SloanSally I. MoranoLisa Mullikin ParcellKen SextonMichael R. SmithJohn SlaterSusan Thompson
Prefacep. 1
1. The Purposes of Journalismp. 3
2. Politics and Partisanshipp. 14
3. The Press and Governmentp. 23
4. Concepts of Newsp. 34
5. Ethicsp. 44
6. Press Criticismp. 55
7. Characteristics of Journalistsp. 66
8. Training and Education of Journalistsp. 76
9. Women in Journalismp. 87
10. Publishersp. 97
11. Economics, Business, and Financial Motivationsp. 106
12. Mergers, Chains, Monopoly, and Competitionp. 116
13. Freedom of the Pressp. 125
14. Press Rights and Lawsp. 135
15. News Gatheringp. 144
16. Cooperative News Gatheringp. 153
17. Coverage of Washingtonp. 163
18. The Press and U.S. Presidentsp. 171
19. Coverage of Political Campaignsp. 181
20. Coverage of Crimep. 189
21. Coverage of Sportsp. 198
22. Investigative Journalismp. 209
23. Reform Journalism, Exposes, and Crusadingp. 219
24. The Press and Warp. 229
25. War Coveragep. 236
26. Foreign Correspondencep. 248
27. Objectivityp. 258
28. Sensationalism and Tabloidismp. 267
29. Radio Journalismp. 277
30. Television Newsp. 286
31. News Writing Structure and Stylep. 296
32. Editorial Writingp. 306
33. Newspaper Designp. 316
34. Newspaper Illustrationsp. 325
35. Photojournalismp. 335
36. Cartoons, Comics, and Caricaturep. 343
37. Technologies of News Gathering and Transmissionp. 350
38. Printing Technologiesp. 358
Contributorsp. 369
Indexp. 373