Cover image for English-Cayuga/Cayuga-English dictionary
English-Cayuga/Cayuga-English dictionary
Dyck, Carrie Joan, 1962-
Publication Information:
Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 2002.
Physical Description:
xli 744 pages : portrait ; 26 cm
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
PM757.Z5 E54 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Reference

On Order



The first comprehensive lexicographic work on Cayuga, an Iroquoian language spoken in southern Ontario at Six Nations of the Grand River, this dictionary, combines the work of Dyck, a professor of linguistics, and Froman, Keye, and Keye, all Cayuga language teachers at Six Nations. It contains over 3000 entries, including 1000 verb forms and many nouns never before printed; extensive cross-referencing, thematic appendices that highlight cultural references and provide 1600 further entries, and a short grammatical sketch complete this accomplished work.

Entries in the main dictionary are organized by bases, which will make the dictionary especially helpful to those learning Cayuga as a second language. The dictionary's accuracy and extensiveness will make it an indispensable reference not only to the Cayuga speaker and student, but also to other Iroquoian speakers, linguists, anthropologists, and historians of Indigenous Peoples.

Produced under the auspices of the Sweetgrass First Nations Language Council Inc.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

The first extensive dictionary of Cayuga, this benchmark work documents the language in 3,000 entries and in word lists organized thematically in appendixes. Two varieties of Cayuga, lower and upper, are spoken by 100 people at Six Nations of the Grand River Reserve in southern Ontario. Lower Cayuga speakers over age 40 were consulted in developing this dictionary. An extensive user's guide describes features of the dictionary, the language, and its pronunciation. The English-Cayuga section offers an English word, the corresponding Cayuga expression(s) in boldface, and an English translation. A pronunciation guide is printed at the bottom of odd-numbered pages. The Cayuga-English entries begin with a word stem. Grammatical information appears in brackets. Colloquial expressions in boldface follow, accompanied by an English gloss. A legend at the bottom of odd-numbered pages explains abbreviations. Ten appendixes contain useful word lists organized by category, an extensive list of particles, and a Cayuga grammar. The orthography favored here, developed by Reg Henry, to whom the book is dedicated, is used by current speakers. A valuable tool for linguists of Iroquoian languages and anthropologists, as well as those who study the Cayuga language. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through faculty. R. Hanson formerly, Muskingum College