Cover image for Welding health and safety : a field guide for OEHS professionals
Title:
Welding health and safety : a field guide for OEHS professionals
Author:
Harris, Michael K.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Fairfax, Va. : American Industrial Hygiene Association, [2002]

©2002
Physical Description:
xxiv, 222 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
General Note:
Stock no. 490-RC-02.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9781931504287
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Ever want to communicate more effectively with welding shop and plant personnel? This publication, written by a former welder and welding instructor for the U.S. Army, will help the IH who has little "hands-on" shop experience, particularly IH and safety students, IH and safety professionals with little or no practical background in welding health and safety, and welders and managers who need to identify and address the health and safety concerns of their operations. Major topics include health and safety considerations, welding terminology, equipment, welding and cutting in confined spaces, construction, maintenance, repair welding, and the health effects of metals, gases and other agents commonly encountered in welding processes. Enhanced by numerous figures provided by the American Welding Society.


Table of Contents

American Welding Societyp. iv
Prefacep. xvii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxi
About the Authorp. xxiii
Chapter 1 Introduction to Welding Health and Safetyp. 1
1. Purposep. 1
2. Anticipation and Recognition of Welding and Cutting Health and Safety Hazardsp. 2
3. Regulationsp. 5
4. Resource Materialsp. 6
5. Welding Health and Safety: Initial Evaluation Formp. 7
Chapter 2 Welding Processes: Health and Safety Considerationsp. 17
Preface to "Welding Processes"p. 17
1. Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW or "Stick Welding")p. 19
1.1 SMAW Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 19
1.2 SMAW Common Metalsp. 20
1.3 SMAW Process Descriptionp. 20
1.4 SMAW Health and Safety Hazard Discussionp. 22
1.5 Equipment Comments Specific to SMAWp. 24
2. Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW, "HeliArc," or "TIG Welding")p. 25
2.1 GTAW health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 25
2.2 GTAW Common Metalsp. 26
2.3 GTAW Process Descriptionp. 26
2.4 GTAW Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 28
2.5 Equipment Comments Specific to GTAWp. 31
3. Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW or "MIG")p. 32
3.1 GMAW Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 32
3.2 GMAW Common Metalsp. 32
3.3 GMAW Process Descriptionp. 33
3.4 GMAW Health and Safety Hazard Discussionp. 36
3.5 Equipment Comments Specific to GMAWp. 37
4. Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW)p. 37
4.1 FCAW health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 37
4.2 FCAW Common Metalsp. 38
4.3 FCAW Process Descriptionp. 38
4.4 FCAW Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 40
4.5 Equipment Comments Specific to FCAWp. 40
5. Submerged Arc Welding (SAW or "SubArc")p. 41
5.1 SAW Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 41
5.2 SAW Common Metalsp. 41
5.3 SAW Process Descriptionp. 41
5.4 SAW Health and Safety Hazard Discussionp. 43
5.5 Equipment Comments Specific to SAWp. 44
6. Electrogas Welding (EGW)p. 44
6.1 EGW health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 44
6.2 EGW Common Metalsp. 45
6.3 EGW Descriptionp. 45
6.4 EGW Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 46
6.5 Equipment Comments Specific to EGWp. 47
7. Electroslag Welding (ESW)p. 48
7.1 ESW Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 48
7.2 ESW Common Metalsp. 48
7.3 ESW Descriptionp. 48
7.4 ESW Health and Safety Hazard Discussionp. 49
7.5 Equipment Comments Specific to ESWp. 50
8. Stud Welding (SW)p. 51
8.1 SW health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 51
8.2 SW Common Metalsp. 51
8.3 SW Process Descriptionp. 51
8.4 SW Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 53
8.5 Equipment Comments Specific to SWp. 54
9. Plasma Arc Welding (PAW)p. 54
9.1 PAW Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 54
9.2 PAW Common Metalsp. 54
9.3 PAW Process Descriptionp. 55
9.4 PAW Health and Safety Hazard Discussionp. 57
9.5 Equipment Comments Specific to PAWp. 24
10. Oxyfuel Gas Welding (OFW)p. 58
10.1 OFW health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 58
10.2 OFW Common Metalsp. 59
10.3 OFW Process Descriptionp. 59
10.4 OFW Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 60
10.5 Equipment Comments Specific to OFWp. 63
11. Brazingp. 64
11.1 Brazing Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 64
11.2 Brazing: Common Metalsp. 65
11.3 Brazing Process Descriptionp. 66
11.4 Brazing Health and Safety Hazard Discussionp. 69
12. Solderingp. 71
12.1 Soldering Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 71
12.2 Soldering: Common Metalsp. 72
12.3 Soldering Process Descriptionp. 73
12.4 Soldering Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 76
13. Oxyfuel Gas Cutting (OFC "Torch Cutting")p. 77
13.1 OFC Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 77
13.2 OFC Common Metalsp. 77
13.3 OFW Process Descriptionp. 77
13.4 OFC Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 78
14. Oxygen Lance Cutting (LOC)p. 79
14.1 LOC Process Descriptionp. 79
14.2 LOC Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 80
15. Arc Cutting and Arc Gougingp. 81
15.1 Plasma Arc Cutting (PAC)p. 81
15.2 Air Carbon Arc Cutting (CAC-A, "Air-Arc," "Arc-Gouging")p. 84
15.3 Shielded Metal Arc Curring (SMAC)p. 88
15.4 Oxygen Arc Cutting (AOC)p. 89
15.5 Gas Tungsten Arc Cutting (GTAC)p. 90
15.6 Gas Metal Arc Cutting (GMAC)p. 91
16. Laser Beam Welding (LBW), Cutting (LBC), and Drilling (LBD)p. 92
16.1 LBW, LBC, and LBD Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 92
16.2 LBW, LBC, and LBD Common Metalsp. 92
16.3 Laser Beam Welding (LBW) Process Descriptionp. 93
16.4 LBW, LBC, and LBD Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 95
16.5 Shock and Electrocutionp. 98
17. Resistance Welding: Spot, Seam, and Projection Weldingp. 99
17.1 Sport, Seam, and Projection Welding Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 99
17.2 Sport, Seam, and Projection Welding: Common Metalsp. 99
17.3 Sport, Seam, and Projection Welding Process Descriptionp. 99
17.4 Sport, Seam, and Projection Welding Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 95
18. Resistance Welding: Flash, Upset, and Percussion Weldingp. 101
18.1 Flash, Upset, and Percussion Welding Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 101
18.2 Flash, Upset, and Percussion Welding: Common Metalsp. 101
18.3 Flash, Upset, and Percussion Welding Process Descriptionp. 102
18.4 Flash, Upset, and Percussion Welding Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 104
19. High Frequency Weldingp. 106
19.1 High Frequency Welding Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 106
19.2 High Frequency Welding: Common Metalsp. 106
19.3 High Frequency Welding Process Descriptionp. 106
19.4 High Frequency Welding Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 107
20. Electron Beam Welding (EBW)p. 108
20.1 Electron Beam Welding Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 108
20.2 Electron Beam Welding: Common Metalsp. 108
20.3 Electron Beam Welding Process Descriptionp. 108
20.4 Electron Beam Welding Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 110
21. Friction Weldingp. 111
21.1 Friction Welding Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 111
21.2 Friction Welding: Common Metalsp. 111
21.3 Friction Welding Process Descriptionp. 111
21.4 Friction Welding Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 112
22. Explosion Weldingp. 112
22.1 Explosione Welding Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 112
22.2 Explosion Welding: Common Metalsp. 112
22.3 Explosion Welding Process Descriptionp. 113
22.4 Explosion Welding Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 113
23. Ultrasonic Welding (USW)p. 115
23.1 USW Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 115
23.2 USW: Common Metalsp. 115
23.3 USW Process Descriptionp. 115
23.4 USW Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 117
24. Thermal Spraying (THSP)p. 118
24.1 THSP Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 118
24.2 THSP Common Metalsp. 119
24.3 THSP Process Descriptionp. 119
24.4 THSP Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 121
25. Surfacingp. 122
25.1 Surfacing Health and Safety Hazards Summaryp. 122
25.2 Surfacing Common Metalsp. 123
25.3 Surfacing Process Descriptionp. 123
25.4 Surfacing Health and Safety Hazards Discussionp. 124
Appendix Case Studiesp. 127
Chapter 3 Welding Equipment: Health and Safety Considerationsp. 131
1. Regulations (U.S.)p. 131
2. Guidelines and Regulations Specific to Oxyfuel Equipmentp. 132
3. Compressed Gases and Cyrogenic Liquidsp. 135
3.1 Regulations Specific to Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Liquidsp. 136
3.2 Compressed Gas Hazardsp. 136
3.3 Storagep. 137
3.4 Handling Compressed Gas Cylindersp. 137
3.5 Using Compressed Gas Cylindersp. 139
3.6 Cryogenic Liquid Hazardsp. 140
4. Emergency Response Planp. 142
5. Gas-Specific Remarksp. 143
5.1 Acetylenep. 143
5.2 Methylacetylene-Propadiene (MAPP Gas)p. 144
5.3 Oxygenp. 145
6. Electric Arc Equipmentp. 145
Chapter 4 Welding and Cutting in Confined Spacesp. 153
1. Regulationsp. 154
2. Investigate Possible Hazards Before Starting Workp. 156
2.1 Firep. 157
2.2 Changes in Work Practices or Chemicals Since Last Entryp. 161
2.3 Makeup Air Qualityp. 161
2.4 Very Small Spacesp. 162
2.5 Carbon Monoxide (CO)p. 162
2.6 Noisep. 162
2.7 Nonionizing Radiation (Ultraviolet)p. 163
2.8 Electrocutionp. 164
3. Atmospheric Hazards--Engineering and Administrative Controlsp. 164
3.1 Ventilationp. 164
3.2 Atmospheric Testing and Personal Air Monitoringp. 167
Chapter 5 Construction, Maintenance, and Repair Welding: Health and Safety Considerationsp. 169
1. Regulations (U.S.)p. 170
2. Investigate Possible Hazards Before Starting Workp. 171
2.1 Coatingsp. 171
2.2 Base Metalp. 174
2.3 Filler Metalp. 175
2.4 Vessel Contents Residuep. 176
2.5 Nearby Workers and Processesp. 178
3. Investigate Alternatives to Welding and Cuttingp. 179
3.1 Water/Hydroabrasive Jet Cuttingp. 179
Chapter 6 Health Effects of Metals, Gases, and Other Agents Commonly Encountered in Welding Processesp. 183
Chapter 7 Personal Protective Equipmentp. 191
1. Regulations (U.S.)p. 191
2. Eye Protectionp. 192
2.1 Welding Helmets (Hoods)p. 191
2.2 Filter Shade Selectionp. 193
2.3 Automatic Darkening Filters for UVp. 195
2.4 Laser Protective Eyewearp. 196
3. Skin Protectionp. 197
3.1 Welding Helmet/Hoodp. 197
3.2 Glovesp. 197
3.3 Protective Clothingp. 198
3.4 Foot Protectionp. 199
Chapter 8 Air Monitoringp. 201
1. Identifying Contaminants of Concernp. 202
2. Selecting Air Monitoring Sampling and Analysis Methodsp. 203
2.1 Gravimetric Methodsp. 203
2.2 Substance-Specific Methodsp. 204
3. Collecting Air Samplesp. 206
Appendixp. 213
Fume and Gas Generation Chapter VIII from Welding Health and Safety: Resource Manual, AIHA, Fairfax, VAp. 213