Cover image for Introduction to aircraft design
Title:
Introduction to aircraft design
Author:
Fielding, John P., 1945-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York : Cambridge University Press, [1999]

©1999
Physical Description:
xiii, 263 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Electronic Access:
Table of contents http://lcweb.loc.gov/catdir/toc/98039489.html
ISBN:
9780521443197

9780521657228
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Here is an accessible introduction to the fundamentals of civil and military aircraft design. Giving a largely descriptive overview of all aspects of the design process, this well-illustrated account provides an insight into the requirements of each specialist in an aircraft design team. After discussing the need for new designs, the text assesses the merits of different aircraft shapes from micro-lights and helicopters to super-jumbos and V/STOL aircraft. Subsequent chapters explore structures, airframe systems, avionics and weapons systems. Later chapters examine the costs involved in the acquisition and operation of new aircraft, aircraft reliability and maintainability, and a variety of unsuccessful projects to see what conclusions can be drawn. Three appendices and a bibliography give a wealth of useful information, much not published elsewhere, including simple aerodynamic formulae, aircraft, engine and equipment data and a detailed description of a parametric study of a 500-seat transport aircraft.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

The content of this book was developed for advanced courses in aircraft design. These courses entail group design projects in which the staff conducts the conceptual aircraft design and the students conduct the detailed design work. Thus, this book occupies a unique niche in works on aircraft design. Fielding (Cranfield Univ., UK) states that this work is meant "to fill the gap" that exists amid books that explore the conceptual design phase and others that center on the design phase. This second edition includes updated cost data, graphics, and material on uninhabited aerial vehicles (UAVs). The book is very useful; it serves as a wide-ranging introduction to aircraft design and is suitable for use in a course or for supplemental material. The appendixes are incredibly valuable and include design data that is not available to students elsewhere. This book is recommended to aerospace engineering students and to aerospace professionals involved in the design process. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above; professionals and practitioners. --Alvin M. Strauss, Vanderbilt University


Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgementsp. xiii
1 Introductionp. 1
1.1 Why another aircraft design book?p. 1
1.2 Topicsp. 2
1.3 The design processp. 2
2 Why should we design a new aircraft?p. 7
2.1 Market surveysp. 7
2.2 Operator-derived specificationsp. 11
2.3 Specification for a close air support aircraftp. 12
2.4 Airline specification for a 150-seat airlinerp. 13
3 Why is it that shape? - Civil aircraftp. 19
3.1 Backgroundp. 19
3.2 Civil aircraft typesp. 24
4 Why is it that shape? - Other typesp. 37
4.1 Military aircraft typesp. 37
4.2 Rotorcraft and V/STOL aircraftp. 50
5 What's under the skin? - Structure and propulsionp. 55
5.1 Generalp. 55
5.2 The structurep. 55
5.3 Propulsion - the primary power systemp. 63
6 What's under the skin? - Airframe systemsp. 73
6.1 Secondary power systemsp. 73
6.2 The fuel systemp. 80
6.3 Furnishingsp. 82
6.4 Safety installationsp. 83
6.5 Landing gear installationsp. 84
7 What's under the skin? - Avionics, flight control and weapon systemsp. 89
7.1 Avionic systemsp. 89
7.2 Flight control systemsp. 96
7.3 Weapon systemsp. 100
8 Why do aircraft cost so much?p. 109
8.1 Generalp. 109
8.2 Acquisition costs (the costs of buying or acquiring the aircraft)p. 109
8.3 Civil aircraft operating costsp. 115
8.4 Military aircraft life-cycle costsp. 116
8.5 The costs of reliability and maintainabilityp. 118
9 What help can I get? - Bibliography and computer-aided designp. 129
9.1 Aircraft design bibliographyp. 129
9.2 Relevant data sheetsp. 131
9.3 Computer design toolsp. 135
9.4 The integration of computer tools as part of concurrent engineeringp. 140
9.5 Classic computer-aided design systemsp. 141
10 The shape of things to come - Should the project continue?p. 149
10.1 Introductionp. 149
10.2 Conceptual design definitionp. 149
10.3 Comparison and choicep. 150
10.4 Simple decision-making techniquesp. 151
10.5 Example of a conceptual aircraft design definition description - The Cranfield A-90p. 153
10.6 Progress of the A-90 project beyond the conceptual design stagep. 161
11 What can go wrong? - Some lessons from past aircraft projects, and a glimpse into the futurep. 163
11.1 Introductionp. 163
11.2 Aircraft that suffered from requirements that were too restrictive, too ambitious or were changed during developmentp. 163
11.3 Projects that were overtaken by eventsp. 167
11.4 A step too far or too soon?p. 171
11.5 Some challenging future projectsp. 174
11.6 Conclusionsp. 177
Appendix A Useful aircraft design datap. 179
A1 Introductionp. 179
A2 US/UK nomenclaturep. 179
A3 UK and US/SI conversion tables and airspeed chartsp. 180
A4 Aircraft leading data tablesp. 183
A5 Power plant datap. 196
A6 Aerodynamic datap. 213
A7 Structures and materials datap. 220
A8 Landing gear datap. 222
A9 Aircraft interior datap. 223
A10 Aircraft weaponsp. 238
Appendix B A-90 parametric study. Example - the A-90 500-seat airlinerp. 243
B1 Introductionp. 243
B2 Landing field distancep. 243
B3 Take-off field lengthp. 245
B4 Second segment climbp. 246
B5 Missed approachp. 247
B6 Cruise performancep. 248
B7 Ceiling with one engine inoperativep. 252
Arrival at the match pointp. 253
Appendix C The prediction of aircraft reliability and maintainability targetsp. 255
C1 Introductionp. 255
C2 Commercial aircraft dispatch reliability predictionp. 255
Referencesp. 259
Indexp. 261