Cover image for Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois, and the struggle for racial uplift
Title:
Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois, and the struggle for racial uplift
Author:
Moore, Jacqueline M., 1965-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Wilmington, Del. : SR Books, [2003]

©2003
Physical Description:
xxvi, 194 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780842029940

9780842029957
Format :
Book

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E185.97.W4 M66 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

The beginning of the twentieth century was a critical time in African-American history. Segregation and discrimination were on the rise. Two seminal African American figures began to debate on ways to combat racial problems. Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois developed different strategies for racial uplift as they actively competed for the support of the black community. In the process, Washington and Du Bois made a permanent mark on the debate over how blacks should achieve equality in America. Although other books address the Washington Du Bois conflict, this text provides a detailed overview of the issues in a brief yet thorough narrative, giving students a clear understanding of these two influential leaders. Jacqueline Moore incorporates the latest scholarship as she examines the motivations of Washington and Du Bois and the political issues surrounding their positions. Accompanying documents allow students to see actual evidence on the issues. Moore contextualizes the debate in the broader terms of radical versus accommodationist strategies of racial uplift. Washington an accommodationist believed economic independence was most important to racial equality. W.E.B. Du Bois adopted more radical strategies, arguing that social and political equality not just economic opportunity were essential to racial uplift. This book traces the argument between these two men, which became public in 1903 when Du Bois published The Souls of Black Folk, which included an attack on Washington, his association with Tuskegee Institute's industrial education program, and accommodationism. The clash between Du Bois and Washington escalated over the next 12 years. Du Bois was a founding member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), an organization that often opposed Washington's gradualist approach. Although the NAACP became the major civil rights organization after Washington's death in 1915, the same issues Washington and DuBois debated surfaced in the 1960s Civil Rights Movement, and the debate raged once again between accommodationists and radicals. In time, both men's ideals faded until the same issues surfaced again in the 1960s, and the debate raged once again between accommodationists and radicals within the Civil Rights Movement. Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois, and the Struggle for Racial Uplift is an excellent resource for courses in African American history, race relations, and minority and ethnic politics."


Author Notes

Jacqueline M. Moore is associate professor of history at Austin College in Sherman, Texas.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois are, perhaps, the most well known and the most misunderstood men in African American history. Most writers focus on the gulf between them, with Washington calling for gradualism and accommodation while DuBois demanded immediate, across-the-board integration. Washington's association with Tuskegee emphasized practical education, manual labor, and economic self-sufficiency, while DuBois at Atlanta University focused on intellectual development, liberal education, and social, political, and economic equality. As Moore (Austin College) points out in this very readable monograph, the two men held similar goals and were not very far apart in their approaches, despite the seeming chasm that divided them. It was more of an intellectual disagreement about the methods of achieving the goals rather than the actual goals themselves. Moore carefully places DuBois and Washington in historical context, bringing in other black leaders such as Kelly Miller, who tried to bridge the gap between the two. Moore also traces the two men's legacies, exploring how each contributed to the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. While other biographies of each man exist, none connects these two figures as eloquently. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. All levels and collections. D. R. Jamieson Ashland University