Cover image for Religion on trial : a handbook with cases, laws, and documents
Religion on trial : a handbook with cases, laws, and documents
Jurinski, James.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, [2004]

Physical Description:
xiii, 329 pages ; 24 cm.
pt. I. Introduction. The First Amendment ; The wall of separation ; Areas of legal conflict ; The U.S. legal system -- Historical background. The Christian church in Europe ; The Reformation ; The colonial experience ; The Constitution ; The nineteenth century ; Post-Civil War amendments to the U.S. Constitution ; The twentieth century ; Social issues ; Medical issues ; Religion in public schools ; Teaching evolution ; Equal access ; Aid to parochial and religious schools ; Entanglements ; Conclusion -- Cases. Minersville School District v. Gobitis ; The antievolution statute cases ; Lynch v. Donnelly ; Engel v. Vitale (The "Regents School Prayer Case") ; Application of the President and Directors of Georgetown College ; Employment Division v. Smith -- Legacy and impact. The pledge cases ; The antievolution statute cases ; Lynch v. Donnelly ; Schools and religion ; Application of the President and Directors of Georgetown college ; Norwood Hospital v. Munoz ; Employment Division v. Smith -- pt. II. Documents. Court cases ; Historical documents ; Proposed constitutional amendments -- Key people, laws, and concepts -- Chronology -- Table of cases -- Appendix: Supreme Court Justices since 1900.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
KF4865 .J87 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
KF4865 .J87 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



From colonial times to the present, an insightful examination of how courts have determined the extent to which religion is accommodated in American public life.

* A-Z entries cover people, laws, events, and concepts that have shaped the legal debate over religion in the United States

* A chronology begins in colonial times and extends through the present, with a special focus on important court cases of the 20th century

Author Notes

James John Jurinski is a law instructor at the University of Portland, Portland, OR. He is the author of ABC-CLIO's Religion in the Schools: A Reference Handbook and Tax Reform: A Reference Handbook .

Reviews 1

Choice Review

Jurinski examines the thorny issue of separation of church and state in the US. Following the format of other books in the "On Trial" series, this one begins with an historical overview that admirably identifies the most significant issues regarding religious freedom--and its limits--which have finally sought resolution in the courts. Jurinski identifies critical cases and discusses current issues (e.g., debates over the Pledge of Allegiance and the teaching of theories of evolution and creation science). The second section of the book contains helpful extracts from relevant documents, including laws concerning religious freedom, opinions issued in critical court cases, and even amendments proposed as additions to the US Constitution to clarify the ambiguous language of the First Amendment, the statute embodying the notion of separation of church and state. A glossary of terms and concepts reduces sometimes complicated ideas into simpler language; specialists will be frustrated at the level of generalization, but neophytes will benefit. Occasional slips in dates in no way hinder the overall value of this useful reference tool as a general introduction to a very complicated matter that continues to shape American culture. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. General readers; lower-level undergraduates and two-year technical program students. C. H. Lippy University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Table of Contents

Series Forewordp. ix
Prefacep. xiii
Part 1
1 Introductionp. 3
The First Amendmentp. 4
The Wall of Separationp. 5
Areas of Legal Conflictp. 7
The U.S. Legal Systemp. 12
2 Historical Backgroundp. 19
The Christian Church in Europep. 19
The Reformationp. 22
The Colonial Experiencep. 26
The Constitutionp. 31
The Nineteenth Centuryp. 33
Post-Civil War Amendments to the U.S. Constitutionp. 34
The Twentieth Centuryp. 36
Social Issuesp. 42
Medical Issuesp. 43
Religion in Public Schoolsp. 45
Teaching Evolutionp. 52
Equal Accessp. 54
Aid to Parochial and Religious Schoolsp. 55
Entanglementsp. 59
Conclusionp. 61
3 Casesp. 63
Minersville School District v. Gobitisp. 64
The Antievolution Statute Casesp. 69
Lynch v. Donnellyp. 79
Engel v. Vitale (The "Regents School Prayer Case")p. 83
Application of the President and Directors of Georgetown Collegep. 88
Employment Division v. Smithp. 94
4 Legacy and Impactp. 99
The Pledge Casesp. 100
The Antievolution Statute Casesp. 106
Lynch v. Donnellyp. 109
Schools and Religionp. 111
Application of the President and Directors of Georgetown Collegep. 130
Norwood Hospital v. Munozp. 131
Employment Division v. Smithp. 137
Part 2 Documentsp. 145
Court Casesp. 145
Historical Documentsp. 196
Proposed Constitutional Amendmentsp. 215
Key People, Laws, and Conceptsp. 219
Chronologyp. 259
Table of Casesp. 291
Appendix Supreme Court Justices since 1900p. 295
Annotated Bibliographyp. 297
Indexp. 311