Cover image for The Koreas : a global studies handbook
Title:
The Koreas : a global studies handbook
Author:
Connor, Mary E.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC CLIO, [2002]

©2002
Physical Description:
xvii, 307 pages : illustrations, map ; 24 cm.
Language:
English
Geographic Term:

ISBN:
9781576072776
Format :
Book

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DS902 .C65 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

The Koreas delivers border-to-border coverage of North and South Korea, with chapters dedicated to history and geography, social and cultural customs, and economics and politics.

* Analyzes Korea's geography, history, and economic and political development, along with its current social and political problems

* Offers practical information on culture and etiquette for the first-time visitor


Author Notes

Mary E. Connor is the senior member of the history department at Westridge School in Pasadena, CA and is on the curriculum committee for The National Council for Social Studies.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

A volume in the new ABC-CLIO series, "Global Studies: Asia," this is intended to be a general introduction to the two Koreas, although it heavily emphasizes South Korea. It has two parts, a narrative section and a reference materials section. The narrative section provides information on Korea's geography and history from earliest times, its economic and political developments since 1945, and contemporary culture and social problems. The reference section contains a chronology; significant people, places, and events; Korean language, food, and etiquette; organizations; and an annotated bibliography. The McCune-Reischauer romanization system is used throughout. In an increasingly interconnected world, US citizens truly need to be informed about the nation where we fought a war in the not very distant past, even if the carrier of information, like this one, lacks scholarly pretensions. For more scholarly or detailed treatises readers are referred to Sourcebook of Korean Civilization, ed. by Peter H. Lee (2v., 1993-96) and Ki-Baik Yi's A New History of Korea (1984). Recommended for the general public and high school and lower-division undergraduate students. K. T. Wei University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign


Table of Contents

Series Editor's Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Mapp. xvii
Part 1 Narrative Sectionp. 1
1 Geography and Historyp. 3
The Physical and Human Geographyp. 4
Early Koreap. 9
The Three Kingdomsp. 10
Unified Sillap. 13
The Koryo Dynastyp. 16
Early Koryop. 16
Later Koryop. 17
The Choson Dynastyp. 20
The Early Period: 1392 to the Seventeenth Centuryp. 20
A Nation in Transition: The Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuriesp. 26
The Opening of Korea, Attempts at Reform, and National Perilp. 29
The Tonghak Struggle, War, and the Kabo Reformsp. 32
The Independence Movement, Modernization, War, and Annexationp. 33
The Colonial Periodp. 35
The First Phase of Japanese Rulep. 35
The Second Phase of Colonial Rulep. 38
The Third Phase of Japanese Occupation and World War IIp. 40
Liberation, Division, and the Beginnings of the Cold Warp. 43
The Korean Warp. 48
Divided Korea: The South Korean Experiencep. 51
The First and Second Republicsp. 51
The Third and Fourth Republicsp. 52
The Fifth Republicp. 53
The Sixth Republicp. 54
Civilian Government, Kim Young Samp. 55
Kim Dae-jungp. 56
Divided Korea: The North Korean Experiencep. 57
Korea's Place in the Worldp. 60
2 Economic Development since 1945p. 65
South Koreap. 65
Precolonial Influences through Japanese Occupationp. 66
Liberation, the Korean War, and the Early Republicp. 66
Rapid Economic Growth and the State as Entrepreneurp. 69
New Industries, Inflation, and Urban Problemsp. 74
The Role of the United States and Economic Development in Koreap. 76
The Role of Japan in Economic Developmentp. 78
Economic Stability, Social Equity, and Labor Militancyp. 79
The World Stagep. 84
Failed Reform and Increased Labor Agitationp. 87
The Economic Collapsep. 90
Economic Restructuringp. 90
More Problems in the Restructuring Processp. 94
The Impact of the Crisis on Foreign Policyp. 95
The Korean Economy: Current Conditions and Prospects for the Futurep. 96
North Koreap. 99
Economic Development: 1948-1965p. 100
Economic Development: 1965-1994p. 102
Recent Economic Development and Prospectsp. 104
3 Political Development since 1945p. 109
The Impact of Tradition on Political Developmentp. 110
The Impact of the Japanese Colonial Period on Contemporary Lifep. 111
The Impact of U.S. and Soviet Occupation and the Korean War on Political Developmentp. 112
A Divided People: The South Korean Experiencep. 114
The First Republicp. 114
The Second Republic and the Military Revolutionp. 118
Military Rule and the Third and Fourth Republicsp. 120
Political Turmoilp. 126
The Fifth Republicp. 129
The Sixth Republicp. 134
The Seventh Republicp. 137
The Eighth Republicp. 146
A Divided People: The North Korean Experiencep. 154
After the Summit: Concerns and Prospectsp. 157
4 Contemporary Culture and Social Problemsp. 163
Rapid Change and the Persistence of Traditionp. 163
South Koreap. 164
The Familyp. 164
The Status of Womenp. 167
South Korea: An Education Societyp. 172
Historical Backgroundp. 172
Contemporary Educationp. 173
The Need for Educational Reformsp. 176
Philosophy and Religionp. 178
Shamanism and Daoismp. 179
Confucianismp. 180
Buddhismp. 181
Christianityp. 186
The "Newly Rising Religions"p. 188
This-Worldly Orientation of Korean Religionsp. 189
The Persistence of Confucianismp. 189
Current Religious Trends and the Issue of Reunificationp. 190
Traditional and Popular Culturep. 190
The Youth Culturep. 197
Sports and Recreationp. 198
North Koreap. 199
The North Korean Perspectivep. 200
The Political Culturep. 201
North Korean Societyp. 202
Educationp. 204
Religionp. 205
North Korean Defectorsp. 205
Part 2 Reference Materialsp. 209
Chronological Tablep. 211
Significant People, Places, and Eventsp. 215
Korean Language, Food, and Etiquettep. 241
The Written Languagep. 242
The Spoken Languagep. 244
Foodp. 246
Common Korean Dishesp. 247
Common Beveragesp. 249
Etiquettep. 250
How Not to Succeed in Koreap. 250
How to Behave Well and Succeed Harmoniously in Koreap. 250
Organisationsp. 257
Government Organizationsp. 257
Business and Economic Organizationsp. 259
United States Korea Trade Centersp. 262
Culture/Education/Exchange Organizationsp. 263
Tourism Organizationsp. 270
Korean-American Organizationsp. 271
Annotated Bibliography of Recommended Works on Koreap. 275
Indexp. 287
About the Authorp. 307