Cover image for Guns in American society : an encyclopedia of history, politics, culture, and the law
Title:
Guns in American society : an encyclopedia of history, politics, culture, and the law
Author:
Carter, Gregg Lee, 1951-
Publication Information:
Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, [2002]

©2002
Physical Description:
2 volumes (xxxiv, 756 pages) : illustrations, portraits ; 27 cm
Language:
English
Contents:
v. 1. A - L -- v. 2. M - Z.
ISBN:
9781576072684
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Top scholars present an unbiased, two-volume set that takes on the explosive issue of guns and gun violence in the United States.

* 400+ data-rich entries on all aspects of the issue including gun violence, gun control legislation, court decisions, gun organizations, gun owners, and gun subcultures

* Contributions by nearly 100 of the most important researchers and writers on guns in the United States

* Archival and contemporary illustrations, photographs, charts, and tables such as results of the Firearm Use in Crime National Victimization Survey, 1999

* Lists of key federal and state gun laws, right to bear arms provisions from state constitutions, and contact information for organizations on both sides of the issue


Author Notes

Gregg Lee Carter is a professor of sociology, Bryant College, Rhode Island


Reviews 4

Booklist Review

Carter, professor of sociology at Columbia University and author of several books, including The Gun Control Movement (Twayne, 1997), has pulled together a fine group of 82 contributors for this title on the legal and social aspects of guns in America. The set represents an attempt to bring together research on all sides of an often murky and divisive issue. Designed for researchers, teachers, students, public officials, law-enforcement personnel, journalists, and members of the general public, its purpose is to help the reader become educated enough on any particular aspect of the gun issue to make an informed decision. Entries cover a variety of information and present a wide spectrum of opinions. Biographical entries treat legal scholars on the Second Amendment, political leaders, and prominent social activists from all sides. Court cases that featured Second Amendment interpretations are described and feature summations of the pertinent issues. Historical articles, such as Boomtowns, cowtowns, and gun violence and Vigilantism, give a social context to the interaction between American culture and guns. Other articles focus on various gun makes, bullet types, and recent events, such as the Waco, Texas, raid and Columbine High School tragedy, that have driven discussion of gun policy. Appendixes cover federal laws that have had an impact on the Second Amendment, state gun law, and organizations participating in pro-gun-control and pro-gun-rights activities. Brief entry-specific bibliographies and an extensive selected bibliography will facilitate further research for advanced students or interested citizens. A welcome resource on a topic that will continue to be debated for many years to come, this set is recommended for academic and public libraries. -- RBB Copyright 2003 Booklist


Library Journal Review

Contributed by social scientists, legal experts, members of the ethical and religious communities, and others, this book's 400-plus entries fairly represent the complex issue of firearms use in America. The entries range widely, including many individuals past and present, both in and out of government. A variety of federal and state court cases are covered, as are the ordinances promoted by gun control advocates or opponents, and good background is provided on many issues. For instance, anyone seeking information on sawed-off shotguns, the TEC-DC9 pistol, Saturday-night specials, or the Tommy gun will find not only a helpful definition but also a very brief historical sketch, making this book an excellent starting point for researchers unfamiliar with historical gun terminology. In addition, Carter (The Gun Control Movement) has provided a useful guide for sorting through the many relevant organizations and interest groups, and in this regard the encyclopedia is hard to beat. Unfortunately, it proves less successful in placing guns in cultural and social historical context. For example, while some effort is made to discuss the influence of television on gun violence, it is hard to find much about films in either the pre-TV or TV era. And while there is a separate discussion of guns and African Americans, the same cannot be said of other significant racial or ethnic groups. Approximately half the topics covered here duplicate those in Glenn H. Utter's Encyclopedia of Gun Control and Gun Rights, but this book provides fresh material on most of those entries and much more. Thus, despite its limitations, it should serve as the standard reference on many aspects of guns, gun ownership, and gun control in the United States.-Charles K. Piehl, Minnesota State Univ., Mankato (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


School Library Journal Review

Gr 10 Up-How guns and violence became part of the fabric of American society is traced through several perspectives in this clearly written, comprehensive resource. Alphabetical entries address topics such as the "American Revolution," "Crime and Gun Use," "Dime Novels and the Sensationalization of Frontier Violence," "Firearm Industry," and "Native Americans and Gun Violence." Short biographical sketches of historical individuals and participants in the contemporary debate. In addition to fundamental descriptions of the Brady Bill and the National Rifle Association, many obscure terms and organizations are also explained. The source of the right to bear arms is discussed in a six-page entry on the Magna Carta and a multifaceted article on the Second Amendment. Types of guns and ammunition, massacres, court cases, and organizational positions regarding the gun-control issue are also given attention. Under the entry "Gun Magazines," 11 publications are described. Black-and-white photos and charts are scattered throughout. Appendixes include key federal and state gun laws and constitutional provisions, and 13 pages of related organizations. A table of contents in both volumes and a cumulative index in volume two provide easy access. While this is a thorough treatment of a continuing controversy, libraries owning Earl R. Kruschke's Gun Control (ABC-CLIO, 1995) or especially Glenn H. Utter's Encyclopedia of Gun Control and Gun Rights (Oryx, 1999) may consider it an additional purchase.-Joanne K. Cecere, Monroe-Woodbury High School, Central Valley, NY (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Choice Review

Less an encyclopedia of guns than a work on their impact on American society, Carter's book is the resource for anyone wishing to explore all aspects of this issue. Each article ends with see also references and suggestions for further reading. A roster of contributors gives their qualifications and lists the entries they wrote. The book explores the historical, social, legal, and political aspects of the gun issue in the US, including personalities of the gun culture. Explanations of legal cases are particularly helpful, and there are entries on the gun laws of Finland, Japan, Mexico, Russia, and the UK. Carter (sociology, Bryant College) has written or edited nine books, including The Gun Control Movement (CH, Feb'98). This work is a fair, balanced assessment of the issue. Both volumes are indexed; the general index that concludes volume 2 prints page numbers in boldface to denote main entries. Appendixes list organizations and cover key laws and state constitutional provisions. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. All libraries. D. M. Buckley University of Dayton


Table of Contents

About the Editorsp. xi
Contributors and Their Entriesp. xiii
Prefacep. xxiii
Introductionp. xv
Volume I Aborn, Richard (1952-)p. 1
Academics for the Second Amendment (A2A)p. 1
Accidents, Gunp. 2
Acquisition of Gunsp. 3
African Americans and Gun Violencep. 4
AK-47p. 7
Alcohol and Gun Violencep. 8
American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)p. 10
American Bar Association (ABA)p. 12
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)p. 13
American Jewish Congress (AJC)p. 14
American Medical Association (AMA)p. 15
American Revolutionp. 17
American Riflemanp. 20
Americans for Democratic Action (ADA)p. 20
Americans for Gun Safety (AGS)p. 21
Ammunition, Regulations ofp. 22
Ammunition, Types ofp. 25
Amnesty Programsp. 28
Anglo-Saxon Tradition of the Right to Keep and Bear Armsp. 29
Antiterrorist Legislationp. 31
Armijo v. Ex Cam, Inc. (1987)p. 32
Arming Women Against Rape and Endangerment (AWARE)p. 33
Articles of Confederation and Gun Controlp. 33
Assault Weaponsp. 34
Assault Weapons Ban of 1994p. 35
Association of American Physicians and Surgeons (AAPS)p. 37
Attitudes toward Gun Controlp. 38
Automatic Weapons Lawsp. 42
Availability of Guns, Effects on Crimep. 42
Average-Joe Thesisp. 45
Aymette v. State (1840)p. 48
Background Checksp. 51
Bailey v. United States (1996)p. 52
Barr, Bob (1948-)p. 53
Barrett v. United States (1976)p. 54
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)p. 54
Bartley-Fox Carrying Lawp. 55
Beecham v. United States (1994)p. 57
Beecher's Biblesp. 58
Berkowitz, Leonard (1926-)p. 58
Bernethy v. Walt Failor's, Inc. (1978)p. 59
Black Codesp. 61
Black Market for Firearmsp. 62
Black Panthersp. 63
Black Talonp. 64
Boomtowns, Cowtowns, and Gun Violencep. 65
Boone, Daniel (1734-1820)p. 67
Borinsky, Mark (1945-)p. 69
Boxer, Barbara (1940-)p. 70
Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violencep. 71
Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violencep. 73
Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (Brady Bill)p. 74
Brady, James S. (1940-)p. 77
Brady, Sarah Kemp (1942-)p. 78
Branch Davidiansp. 80
British American Security Information Council (BASIC)p. 82
Brooks, Jack B. (1922-)p. 83
Brown Bessp. 84
Browning, John Moses (1855-1926)p. 87
Bryan v. United States (1998)p. 88
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (BATF)p. 89
Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)p. 93
Bush, George H. W. (1924-)p. 93
California Street (101) Massacrep. 95
Campaign to Protect Sane Gun Lawsp. 96
Canada, Gun Lawsp. 96
Canadian Firearms Centre (CFC)p. 100
Caron v. United States (1998)p. 101
Carter, Harlon (1913-1991)p. 101
Cartridgesp. 102
Cases v. United States (1942)p. 103
Cease Fire, Inc.p. 104
Center for Gun Policy and Researchp. 105
Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence (CSPV)p. 106
Centers for Disease Control (CDC)p. 107
Chaffee, John H. (1922-1999)p. 108
Chenoweth-Hage, Helen (1938-)p. 109
Child Access Prevention (CAP) Lawsp. 110
Children's Defense Fund (CDF)p. 111
Citizens Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms (CCRKBA)p. 112
City of Las Vegas v. Moberg (1971)p. 113
City of Salina v. Blaksley (1905)p. 113
Civil War and Small Armsp. 115
Civil War Reenactmentsp. 117
Clinton, William J. (1946-)p. 118
Coalition to Stop Gun Violence (CSGV)p. 120
Cody, William "Buffalo Bill" (1846-1917)p. 121
Collectorsp. 123
Colleges and Gun Violencep. 124
Colt, Samuel (1814-1862)p. 126
Columbine High School Tragedyp. 129
Commonwealth v. Davis (1976)p. 135
Concealed Weapons Lawsp. 136
Congressional Voting Patterns on Gun Controlp. 137
Consumer Product Safety Lawsp. 139
Conyers, John (1929-)p. 142
Cook, Philip J. (1946-)p. 143
Cowboy Action Shooting (CAS)p. 146
Craig, Larry E. (1945-)p. 147
Crime and Gun Usep. 148
Defensive Gun Use (DGU)p. 153
Democratic Party and Gun Controlp. 155
Department of Justice, U.S.p. 159
Derringersp. 159
Dick Act (Militia Act of 1903)p. 159
Dickerson v. New Banner Institute, Inc. (1983)p. 160
Dime Novels and the Sensationalization of Frontier Violencep. 161
Dingell, John D. (1926-)p. 163
Dix v. Beretta U.S.A. Corp.p. 164
Doctors Against Handgun Injury (DAHI)p. 165
Doctors for Integrity in Policy Research (DIPR)p. 166
Doctors for Responsible Gun Ownership (DRGO)p. 167
Doctors for Sensible Gun Laws (DSGL)p. 168
Dodd, Thomas Joseph (1907-1971)p. 169
Dole, Robert (1923-)p. 169
Domestic Violence and Gunsp. 170
Dred Scott v. Sandford (1856)p. 173
Drive-by Shootingsp. 175
Drugs, Crime, and Guns: Cross-National Comparisonsp. 176
Drugs, Crime, and Guns: United Statesp. 179
Duelingp. 182
Dum-Dum Bulletp. 184
Eddie Eaglep. 185
Emergency Committee for Gun Controlp. 185
Enforcement of Gun Control Lawsp. 186
Farmer v. Higgins (1990)p. 191
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)p. 192
Federal Firearms Act of 1938 (Public Law No. 75-785)p. 193
Federal Law Enforcement Officers Association (FLEOA)p. 193
Federalism and Gun Controlp. 194
Federation for NRAp. 196
Feinstein, Dianne (1933-)p. 196
Felons and Gun Controlp. 197
Finland, Gun Lawsp. 199
Firearm Dealersp. 201
Firearm Industryp. 203
Firearm Injury Statistical Systemsp. 205
Firearm Sentence Enhancement (FSE) Lawsp. 207
Firearms Coalitionp. 208
Firearms Litigation Clearinghousep. 209
Firearms Owners Against Crime (FOAC)p. 209
Firearms Owners' Protection Act of 1986p. 210
First Monday: Unite to End Gun Violence, 2000-2001p. 211
Fourteenth Amendmentp. 212
Fourth Amendmentp. 214
Fraternal Order of Police (FOP)p. 216
Fresno Rifle and Pistol Club, Inc. v. Van de Kamp (1992)p. 217
Frontier Violencep. 218
General Social Survey (GSS)p. 225
Genocide and Gunsp. 225
Gottlieb, Alan Merril (1947-)p. 228
Gritz, James "Bo" (1939-)p. 229
Guggenheim Foundation, Harry Frankp. 230
Gun Buyback Programsp. 230
Gun Clubsp. 232
Gun Controlp. 232
Gun Control Act of 1968p. 237
Gun Culturep. 243
Gun Magazinesp. 248
Gun News Digestp. 251
Gun Owners' Action League (GOAL)p. 251
Gun Owners of America (GOA)p. 252
Gun Owners of California (GOC)p. 252
Gun Ownershipp. 253
Gun Registrationp. 255
Gun Rights Policy Conference (GRPC)p. 259
Gun Showsp. 259
Gun Violencep. 261
Gun Violence as a Public Health Problemp. 263
Gun Weekp. 265
Gun-Free School Lawsp. 266
Gunpowderp. 267
Guns in the Homep. 268
Gunshot Detection Technologies (GDTs)p. 271
Gunshot Wounds (Wound Ballistics)p. 273
Halbrook, Stephen P. (1947-)p. 277
Hammer, Marion P. (1939-)p. 281
Handgunsp. 281
Health Care Professionalsp. 284
HELP Networkp. 285
Hemenway, David (1945-)p. 287
Herbert, Henry William (1807-1858)p. 288
Heston, Charlton (1923-)p. 290
Hickok, James Butler "Wild Bill" (1837-1876)p. 292
Hinckley, John Warnock, Jr. (1955-)p. 294
Homicides, Gunp. 295
Huddleston v. United States (1974)p. 297
Huntingp. 298
Hyde, Henry J. (1924-)p. 300
Ideologies--Conservative and Liberalp. 303
Independence Institutep. 305
Institute for Legislative Action (ILA)p. 305
Interest Groups and Gun Legislationp. 307
International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP)p. 309
International Brotherhood of Police Officers (IBPO)p. 310
Intervention Effectsp. 311
Izaak Walton League of America (IWLA)p. 312
Japan, Gun Lawsp. 315
Jefferson, Thomas (1743-1826)p. 319
Jews for the Preservation of Firearms Ownership (JPFO)p. 321
John Birch Societyp. 322
Johnson, Lyndon B. (1908-1973)p. 323
Justifiable Homicidesp. 323
Kates, Don B., Jr. (1941-)p. 327
Kellermann, Arthur L. (1955-)p. 329
Kennedy, Edward M. (1932-)p. 331
Kennesaw, Georgiap. 332
Killeen, Texas, Massacrep. 333
Klanwatch Projectp. 336
Kleck, Gary (1951-)p. 338
Knox, Neal (1935-)p. 339
Kopel, David B. (1960-)p. 340
Ku Klux Klanp. 341
LaPierre, Wayne R., Jr. (1950-)p. 345
Lautenberg, Frank R. (1924-)p. 347
Law Enforcement for the Preservation of the Second Amendment (LEPSA)p. 348
Lawsuits against Gun Manufacturersp. 349
Lawyer's Second Amendment Society (LSAS)p. 352
League of Women Voters and Gun Controlp. 352
Legal Action Project (LAP)p. 353
Legal Community Against Violence (LCAV)p. 354
Lennon, John (1940-1980)p. 355
Lethality Effect of Gunsp. 356
Lewis v. United States (1980)p. 358
Liability of Gun Manufacturersp. 359
Licensingp. 360
Long Gunp. 361
Long Island Railroad Massacrep. 362
Long Rifle (Pennsylvania/Kentucky)p. 364
Lott, John R., Jr. (1958-)p. 368
Ludwig, Jens Otto (1968-)p. 369
Volume II Magna Carta (1215)p. 371
Magna-Triggerp. 376
Mailing of Firearms Act of 1927p. 377
Mail-Order Gunsp. 377
Maryland v. United States (1965)p. 378
Mass Murder (Shootings)p. 379
Massachusetts Gun Lawp. 380
McCollum, William (1944-)p. 383
McVeigh, Timothy (1968-2001)p. 384
Media Violencep. 385
Medicine and Gun Violencep. 387
Mental Disabilities and Gun Use and Acquisitionp. 389
Merrill v. Navegar, Inc. (2001)p. 391
Metaksa, Tanya K. (1936-)p. 393
Metal Detectorsp. 394
Methodist Church, Unitedp. 395
Methodologies for Studying Gun Violencep. 397
Metzenbaum, Howard M. (1917-)p. 401
Mexico, Gun Lawsp. 402
Michigan Militiap. 404
Militia of Montanap. 404
Militia Watchdog Groupsp. 405
Militiasp. 406
Miller v. Texas (1894)p. 407
Million Mom Marchp. 410
Minie Ballp. 411
Mothers Against Violence in America (MAVIA)p. 412
Motor Vehicle Laws as a Model for Gun Lawsp. 413
Muscarello v. United States (1998)p. 414
NAACP and Gun Controlp. 417
National Association of Police Organizations(NAPO)p. 418
National Association of School Psychologists (NASP)p. 418
National Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice (NBPRP)p. 420
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC)p. 420
National Council for a Responsible Firearms Policy (NCRFP)p. 422
National Council to Control Handguns (NCCH)p. 423
National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)p. 423
National Education Association (NEA)p. 427
National Firearms Act of 1934p. 427
National Firearms Association of Canadap. 428
National Guardp. 428
National Instant Criminal Background Check Systemp. 431
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)p. 432
National Rifle Association (NRA)p. 434
National SAFE KIDS Campaignp. 437
National School Safety Center (NSSC)p. 437
National Sheriffs' Association (NSA)p. 438
National Tracing Center (NTC)p. 439
National Troopers' Coalition (NTC)p. 440
Native Americans and Gun Violencep. 441
Needle-in-the-Haystack Problemp. 446
Nichols, Terry L. (1955-)p. 447
Ninth Amendmentp. 448
Nuisance Law and Gun Suitsp. 449
Nunn v. State of Georgia (1846)p. 450
Oakley, Annie (1860-1926)p. 453
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Actp. 456
One-Gun-per-Month Lawsp. 457
Orth, Franklin L. (1907-1970)p. 461
Pacific Center for Violence Prevention (PCVP)p. 463
Paladin Pressp. 464
Paul Revere Networkp. 465
PAXp. 465
Perpich v. Department of Defense (1990)p. 466
Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR)p. 468
Plastic Gunsp. 469
Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)p. 471
Police Shootingsp. 471
Political Victory Fund (PVF)p. 474
Potowmack Institutep. 475
Poverty and Gun Violencep. 476
Pratt, Larry (1942-)p. 477
Preemption Lawsp. 478
Presbyterian Church (USA)p. 478
Presser v. Illinois (1886)p. 479
Printz v. United States (1997)p. 481
Product Liability Lawsuitsp. 482
Project Exilep. 486
Project Lifelinep. 487
Quilici v. Village of Morton Grove (1982)p. 489
Racism and Gun Controlp. 491
Reagan, Ronald Wilson (1911-)p. 492
Recreational Uses of Gunsp. 494
Remington, Eliphalet, II (1793-1861)p. 495
Reno, Janet (1938-)p. 496
Republican Party and Gun Controlp. 497
Revolt at Cincinnatip. 498
Right to Self-Defensep. 500
Right-to-Carry Lawsp. 502
Roberti-Roos Assault Weapons Control Act of 1989p. 503
Robertson v. Baldwin (1897)p. 506
Ruby Ridgep. 506
Ruger, William Batterman (1917-)p. 510
Russia, Gun Lawsp. 512
Safety Coursesp. 515
Safety for Women and Responsible Motherhoodp. 515
Saturday Night Specialsp. 516
Sawed-off Shotgunsp. 519
Schoolyard Shootingsp. 519
Schubert v. DeBard (1980)p. 522
Schumer, Charles E. (1950-)p. 523
Second Amendmentp. 525
Second Amendment Committeep. 527
Second Amendment Foundation (SAF)p. 527
Second Amendment Sisters (SAS)p. 529
Self-Defense, Legal Issuesp. 529
Self-Defense, Reasons for Gun Usep. 533
Semiautomatic Weaponsp. 534
Shields, Nelson T. "Pete" (1924-1993)p. 535
Sklar v. Byrne (1984)p. 536
Smart Gunsp. 537
Smith & Wesson (S&W)p. 540
Smith & Wesson Settlement Agreementp. 542
Smith v. United States (1993)p. 543
Sonzinsky v. United States (1937)p. 544
South (U.S.) and Gun Violencep. 546
Speedloadersp. 547
Spitzer Bulletp. 547
Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute (SAAMI)p. 548
Sporting Purposes Testp. 548
Springfield, Inc. v. Buckles (2000)p. 552
Staples v. United States (1994)p. 554
State v. Boyce (1983)p. 555
State v. Kerner (1921)p. 556
State v. Kessler (1980)p. 557
State v. Rosenthal (1903)p. 558
Stevens v. United States (1971)p. 558
Stockton, California, Massacrep. 559
Stop Handgun Violence (SHV)p. 561
Straight Talk About Risks (STAR)p. 561
Student Pledge Against Gun Violencep. 562
Substitution Effectsp. 563
Suicide, Guns andp. 564
Suicide, International Comparisonsp. 566
Sullivan Lawp. 568
Surplus Armsp. 568
Survivalismp. 569
Switzerland, Gun Lawsp. 569
Taggantsp. 573
Target Shootingp. 573
TEC-DC9 Pistolp. 575
Tenth Amendmentp. 576
Terrorismp. 577
Texans for Gun Safety (TGS)p. 580
Texas Tower Shootingp. 581
Thompson, Linda (1952-)p. 583
Tommy Gunp. 583
Trigger Locksp. 589
Turner Diariesp. 591
Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)p. 593
United Kingdom--History of Gun Laws since 1900p. 594
United Kingdom--History of Gun Laws through 1900p. 598
United Nations (UN)p. 603
United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB)p. 605
United States Conference of Mayorsp. 606
United States Congress and Gun Legislationp. 608
United States Constitution and Gun Rightsp. 611
United States Supreme Court Decisions on Gun Controlp. 614
United States v. Adams (1935)p. 617
United States v. Cruikshank (1876)p. 618
United States v. Emerson (2001)p. 619
United States v. Freed (1971)p. 620
United States v. Hutzell (2000)p. 622
United States v. Lopez (1995)p. 623
United States v. Miller (1939)p. 624
United States v. One Assortment of 89 Firearms (1984)p. 625
United States v. Powell (1975)p. 626
United States v. Tot (1942)p. 627
United States v. Verdugo-Urquidez (1990)p. 629
United States v. Warin (1976)p. 630
Urbanism and Gun Violencep. 631
Victimization from Gun Violencep. 635
Video Games and Gun Violencep. 638
Vigilantismp. 639
Violence Policy Center (VPC)p. 642
Violence Prevention Research Program (VPRP)p. 642
Violent Crime Ratep. 643
Waco, Texas, Raidp. 647
Waiting Periodsp. 650
Washington, D.C.p. 651
Weapons Instrumentality Effectp. 652
Welles, Edward O. (1921-)p. 653
Whitney, Eli (1765-1825)p. 654
Williams Gunp. 657
Winchester, Oliver Fisher (1810-1880)p. 658
Women Against Gun Control (WAGC)p. 659
Women Against Gun Violence (WAGV)p. 660
Women and Gunsp. 661
Women & Gunsp. 665
Women's Firearm Networkp. 666
Wright, James D. (1947-)p. 667
Youth and Gunsp. 671
Youth Crime Gun Interdiction Initiativep. 673
Youth Gun Control Legislation, The Juvenile Justice Bill of 1999p. 675
Zebra Killingsp. 679
Zimring, Franklin (1942-)p. 680
Zip Gunsp. 682
Appendixesp. 683
Selected Bibliographyp. 713
Indexp. 729