Cover image for Philosophy : key themes
Title:
Philosophy : key themes
Author:
Baggini, Julian.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire ; New York : Palgrave Macmillan, [2002]

©2002
Physical Description:
xi, 140 pages ; 22 cm
Language:
English
Subject Term:
ISBN:
9780333964866

9780333964873
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Item Holds
Searching...
B72 .B333 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
Searching...

On Order

Summary

Summary

Philosophy: Key Themes is a beginner's guide to understanding and critiquing philosophical arguments. Each chapter introduces one of the five major themes covered on philosophy courses: Theory of Knowledge, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Mind, and Political Philosophy. Baggini's approach combines explanation with summary while encouraging the reader to question the arguments and positions presented. This text can be used either independently of, or together with, its companion volume Philosophy: Key Texts .


Table of Contents

Prefacep. x
Acknowledgementsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Where do we start?p. 1
Premisesp. 2
Forms of rational justificationp. 3
Critiquing argumentsp. 5
Beyond demolitionp. 7
Becoming a philosopherp. 8
1 Theory of Knowledgep. 10
What is the theory of knowledge?p. 10
Rationalismp. 11
Empiricismp. 14
Foundationalismp. 15
The tripartite account of knowledgep. 18
Against the tripartite accountp. 20
Scepticism concerning knowledgep. 22
Scepticism concerning perceptionp. 25
Realismp. 28
Idealismp. 29
Phenomenalismp. 30
Conclusionp. 32
2 Moral Philosophyp. 35
What is moral philosophy?p. 35
The divisions of moral philosophyp. 36
Morality and realismp. 37
Non-cognitivismp. 38
The role of reasonp. 40
Prescriptivismp. 40
Deontological and consequentialist ethicsp. 43
Virtue ethicsp. 46
Utilitarianismp. 47
Kantian ethicsp. 50
Aristotelian ethicsp. 52
Animal rightsp. 53
Abortionp. 55
Euthanasiap. 56
Approaches to applied ethicsp. 57
Conclusionp. 58
3 Philosophy of Mindp. 61
What is the philosophy of mind?p. 61
Dualismp. 62
Arguments against dualismp. 65
Behaviourismp. 67
Arguments against behaviourismp. 70
Physicalismp. 71
Functionalismp. 74
Other mindsp. 77
Personal identityp. 79
Conclusionp. 82
4 Philosophy of Religionp. 86
What is the philosophy of religion?p. 86
What is God?p. 87
The problem of evilp. 88
Faith and reasonp. 90
Betting on Godp. 92
The status of religious languagep. 93
The ontological argumentp. 95
The cosmological argumentp. 97
The teleological argumentp. 99
Religious experiencep. 101
Miraclesp. 103
God and moralityp. 104
Conclusionp. 106
5 Political Philosophyp. 109
What is political philosophy?p. 109
Liberalismp. 110
Socialismp. 112
Conservatismp. 113
Anarchismp. 115
Freedomp. 117
Justicep. 119
Rightsp. 122
The justification of the state and its authorityp. 124
Laws and law-breakingp. 126
Justifications for punishmentp. 128
Conclusionp. 130
Glossaryp. 134
Further Readingp. 136
Indexp. 137