Cover image for Artists from Latin American cultures : a biographical dictionary
Title:
Artists from Latin American cultures : a biographical dictionary
Author:
Congdon, Kristin G.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 2002.
Physical Description:
xix, 314 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color), portraits ; 27 cm
General Note:
"An Oryx book."
Language:
English
Added Author:
ISBN:
9780313315442
Format :
Book

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N6502.5 .C657 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Reference
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Summary

Summary

Latin Americans have long been relegated to the cultural background, obscured by the dominant European culture. This biographical dictionary profiles 75 artists from the United States and 13 nations of Central and South America and the Caribbean, including painters, sculptors, photographers, muralists, printmakers, installation artists, and performance artists. Some of their works recall pre-Columbian times; others confront the cultural imperialism of the U.S. over Latin America; and many explore how the dominant elements of culture can affect identities of class, gender, and sexuality.

Profiled artists range from the renowned to the little-known: Frida Kahlo; Tina Modotti; Diego Rivera; Myrna Baez; Raquel Forner; Patrocino Barela; and many more. Color photographs are provided for many of the works. Each entry includes information about the artist's childhood, schooling, creative growth, and artistic styles and themes. Exemplary artworks and influences are described, along with a look at popular and critical responses. Supplemental features include artist cross references, a glossary of essential terms from the art world, and a number of vivid photos portraying the artists in their creative environments.


Author Notes

KRISTIN G. CONGDON is a Professor of Art and Philosophy at the University of Central Florida. She has published extensively on the study of folk arts, community arts, and contemporary art issues. She is co-editor of several books. She is the 1998 and 1999 recipient of the Manual Barken Memorial Award for scholarship from the National Art Education and the 1998 Ziegfeld Award from the United States Society for Education Through Art for international work in the arts.

KARA KELLEY HALLMARK edited and wrote several essays for the University of Central Florida's graduate student House of Blues folk art project. She is a doctoral student in Art Education at Flordia State University.


Reviews 3

Booklist Review

Profiling twentieth-century artists in a variety of genres, this biographical dictionary contains 75 alphabetical entries with two or three pages of basic information (date and place of birth and death), genre, places to view artist's works, and a bibliography for further reading. The clear, well-written essays discuss societal influences such as culture, politics, language, and economics. When available, quotations from the artist have been provided. Artists from the U.S. and 13 nations of Central and South American and the Caribbean and working in a variety of genres are included. Although many, such as Frida Kahlo, Wifredo Lam, and Diego Rivera, are well known, others are not as visible to the general public. Important works of each artist are described to help readers visualize them. Illustrations include black-and-white photographs in some of the entries and 13 color plates in the middle section of the book. Although many art terms are defined within the text, the glossary defines artistic styles and religious and political movements. Artists from Latin American Cultures would be a useful tool in high-school, public, and undergraduate libraries seeking an introduction to Latin American art. It supplements related works such as the Encyclopedia of Latin American & Caribbean Art (2000), the second publication in the Grove Library of World Art series, which not only includes artist biographies and influential art movements but also provides almost 500 illustrations and nearly 100 color plates.


Library Journal Review

Containing profiles of 75 artists from the United States, Central and South America, and the Caribbean, this work offers a general introduction to the subject. Congdon (art & philosophy, Univ. of Central Florida; Uncle Monday and Other Florida Tales) and Hallmark, a doctoral student in art education at Florida State University, present a select mixture of artists both renowned and underrated (or unknown) owing to gender, geographical region, or artist's medium. They favor unknown women artists, however, claiming that they have been doubly ignored by virtue of their sex and by their choice of "low" media such as textiles, wood, or papier-mch. Attention to themes and styles supplement a concentration on biography in the entries, whose narrative form may hinder the quick checking of vital statistics. Ultimately, this dictionary falls short compared with a similar but much pricier work published last year, St. James Guide to Hispanic Artists: Profiles of Latino and Latin American Artists, edited by Thomas Riggs. Generally, the entries lack serious critical interpretation or consideration of an artist's reception. They were all written by Congdon and Hallmark, whereas the St. James guide boasts 60 contributors and nine advisers. Though bibliographies are given for all entries, they fail to include periodical articles. Finally, the St. James project had the support of the Association for Hispanic Artists and the Association for Latin American Art. Despite these drawbacks, this affordable work does cover the basics for the student audience it purports to address. An optional purchase for high school and college libraries.-Rebecca Tolley-Stokes, East Tennessee State Univ. Lib., Johnson City (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Choice Review

The appearance of two publications on this subject in 2002 testifies to the timeliness of the topic. The rival work, St. James' Guide to Hispanic Artists: Profiles of Latino and Latin-American Artists, ed. by Thomas Riggs (2002), is the more comprehensive and scholarly of the two. The work of 73 contributors, it covers 375 artists, compared to Congdon and Hallmark's 75. Both titles include artists in various media, all from Latin American heritage, many with strong connections to the US. Congdon and Hallmark intend their book as an introduction to artists from Latin American cultures for high school and college students. The entry for each artist includes a narrative summary covering biography and career, a list of collections holding the artist's work, and a brief bibliography (mostly English-language titles, some ephemeral, and occasional Web sites). Portraits of artists and a handful of color plates brighten the book, which also includes a glossary. Since the St. James guide does not include all the artists listed here, specialized and comprehensive collections will want both volumes; Congdon and Hallmark will serve well smaller collections seeking a brief, inexpensive introduction. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. General and undergraduate readers; professionals. M. Nilsen University of Delaware


Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. xv
Lola Alvarez Bravop. 1
Manuel Alvarez Bravop. 5
Tarsila do Amaralp. 9
Felipe Benito Archuleta and Leroy Ramon Archuletap. 12
Dr. Atl (Gerardo Murillo Cornado)p. 15
Judith F. Bacap. 19
Myrna Baezp. 24
Patrocino Barelap. 28
Jose Bediap. 32
Jacobo Borgesp. 36
Fernando Boterop. 40
Maria Britop. 45
Luis Camnitzerp. 48
Maria Magdalena Campos-Ponsp. 53
Leonora Carringtonp. 57
Martin Chambip. 62
Lygia Clarkp. 66
Olga de Amaralp. 70
Edouard Duval Carriep. 74
Raquel Fornerp. 78
Coco Fuscop. 81
Julio Galanp. 85
Gunther Gerzsop. 88
Guillermo Gomez-Penap. 91
Luis Gonzalez Palmap. 95
Felix Gonzalez-Torresp. 99
Ester Hernandezp. 103
Hector Hyppolitep. 108
Graciela Iturbidep. 111
Maria Izquierdop. 115
Alfredo Jaarp. 118
Luis Jimenezp. 122
Frida Kahlop. 126
Kcho (Alexis Leyva Machado)p. 130
Guillermo Kuitcap. 133
Wifredo Lamp. 138
Linares Familyp. 142
Carmen Lomas Garzap. 146
George T. Lopezp. 151
Yolanda M. Lopezp. 154
Anita Malfattip. 158
Marisol (Escobar)p. 161
Maria Martinez-Canasp. 165
Roberto Mattap. 169
Cildo Meirelesp. 173
Ana Mendietap. 177
Amalia Mesa-Bainsp. 181
Tina Modottip. 185
Jesus Bautista Morolesp. 190
Manuel Nerip. 194
Helio Oiticicap. 199
Jose Clemente Orozcop. 203
Pepon Osoriop. 207
Ramon Oviedop. 211
Amelia Pelaezp. 215
Andre Pierrep. 219
Jose Guadalupe Posadap. 222
Martin Ramirezp. 225
Armando Reveronp. 228
Diego Riverap. 231
Frank Romerop. 235
Jose Sabogalp. 238
Doris Salcedop. 241
Mario Sanchezp. 245
Andres Serranop. 249
David Alfaro Siqueirosp. 254
Fernando de Szyszlop. 259
Rufino Tamayop. 262
Francisco Toledop. 268
Rigoberto Torresp. 271
Joaquin Torres-Garciap. 275
Tilsa Tsuchiyap. 279
Meyer Vaismanp. 282
Kathy Vargasp. 286
Remedios Varop. 290
Glossaryp. 295
Indexp. 303