Cover image for African American recipients of the Medal of Honor : a biographical dictionary, Civil War through Vietnam War
African American recipients of the Medal of Honor : a biographical dictionary, Civil War through Vietnam War
Hanna, Charles W.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., [2002]

Physical Description:
ix, 189 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Electronic Access:
Table of contents
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UB433 .H35 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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This text details the stories of the 87 African Americans who have been awarded the Medal of Honor. Each entry chronicles the acts of bravery and courage that led to the serviceman's receiving this honour.

Author Notes

Charles W. Hanna is an attorney and secretary for the Medal of Honor Historical Society.

Reviews 1

Booklist Review

Here are the stories of 88 African Americans who have been awarded the Medal of Honor. Among them are Clement Dees, a deserter whose medal was later revoked; several of the "buffalo soldiers" who fought in the Indian Wars; and Naval Landsman Aaron Anderson, a recipient during the Civil War whose medal was erroneously issued under the name Aaron Sanderson. Within chapters that correspond to major conflicts, from the Civil War to the Vietnam War, summaries are arranged alphabetically by recipient's name and generally range from just under a page to three or four pages in length. Entries often include quotes from citations, and some are accompanied by black-and-white illustrations, mostly of grave sites. An appendix lists total numbers of medals awarded by wars and campaigns. This is a useful text to better grasp the discrimination that has been inherent in the military for much of its existence. Discrimination is discussed particularly in relation to the First and Second World Wars, where just eight African American individuals have been awarded the Medal of Honor. One medal was awarded for service in World War I, out of the 370,000 African Americans who served, but President George H. W. Bush did not award it until 1991. Seven medals were awarded for actions in World War II, but President Clinton did not issue them until 1994. The seven medals for African Americans are out of a total of 439 awarded to WWII servicemen. This book adds to the collection of materials available on the Medal of Honor. Previous books--Medal of Honor Recipients, 1863^-1994 (Facts On File, 1995); The Congressional Medal of Honor: The Names, The Deeds (Sharp and Dunigan, 1984)--look at the whole of the recipients and provide much less specific descriptions of the individuals and their actions. African American Recipients of the Medal of Honor is a valuable addition to collections on military history, government, and African American studies.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. v
Introduction: History of the Medal of Honorp. 1
Chapter 1 The Civil War (1861-1865)p. 7
Landsman Aaron Anderson, USNp. 11
Private Bruce Anderson, USAp. 14
Private William H. Barnes, USAp. 15
1st Sergeant Powhatan Beaty, USAp. 16
Contraband Robert Blake, USNp. 17
1st Sergeant James H. Bronson, USAp. 19
Landsman William H. Brown, USNp. 20
Landsman Wilson Brown, USNp. 21
Sergeant William Harvey Carney, USAp. 22
Seaman Clement Dees, USNp. 26
Sergeant Decatur Dorsey, USAp. 29
Sergeant Christian A. Fleetwood, USAp. 30
Private James Gardiner, USAp. 33
Sergeant James H. Harris, USAp. 35
Private Thomas R. Hawkins, USAp. 36
Sergeant Alfred B. Hilton, USAp. 37
Sergeant Milton M. Holland, USAp. 38
Corporal Miles James, USAp. 40
1st Sergeant Alexander Kelly, USAp. 42
Landsman John Henry Lawson, USNp. 43
Engineer's Cook James Mifflin, USNp. 44
Seaman Joachim Pease, USNp. 45
1st Sergeant Robert A. Pinn, USAp. 46
1st Sergeant Edward Ratcliff, USAp. 48
Color Sergeant Andrew Jackson Smith, USAp. 49
Private Charles Veal, USAp. 53
Chapter 2 The Indian Wars (1866-1890)p. 55
Sergeant Thomas Boyne, USAp. 57
Sergeant Benjamin Brown, USAp. 59
Sergeant John Denny, USAp. 61
Private Pompey Factor, USAp. 63
Corporal Clinton Greaves, USAp. 65
Sergeant Henry Johnson, USAp. 67
Sergeant George Jordan, USAp. 73
Sergeant William McBryar, USAp. 74
Corporal Isaiah Mays, USAp. 75
Private Adam Paine, USAp. 78
Trumpeter Isaac Payne, USAp. 79
Sergeant Thomas Shaw, USAp. 81
Sergeant Emanuel Stance, USAp. 82
Private Augustus Walley, USAp. 85
Sergeant John Ward, USAp. 89
1st Sergeant Moses Williams, USAp. 90
Corporal William O. Wilson, USAp. 94
Sergeant Brent Woods, USAp. 96
Chapter 3 Peacetime from 1872 to 1890p. 99
Ship's Cook Daniel Atkins, USNp. 100
Ordinary Seaman John Davis, USNp. 101
Seaman Alphonse Girandy, USNp. 102
Seaman John Johnson, USNp. 102
Cooper William Johnson, USNp. 103
Seaman Joseph B. Noil, USNp. 104
Seaman John Smith, USNp. 104
Ordinary Seaman Robert Augustus Sweeney, USNp. 105
Chapter 4 The Spanish-American War (1898)p. 107
Sergeant Edward L. Baker Jr., USAp. 109
Private Dennis Bell, USAp. 112
Private Fitz Lee, USAp. 114
Fireman First Class Robert Penn, USNp. 115
Private William H. Thompkins, USAp. 116
Private George Henry Wanton, USAp. 117
Chapter 5 World War I (1914-1918)p. 119
Corporal Freddie Stowers, USAp. 121
Chapter 6 World War II (1941-1945)p. 123
2nd Lieutenant Vernon J. Baker, USAp. 124
Sergeant Edward A. Carter, Jr., USAp. 126
1st Lieutenant John R. Fox, USAp. 128
Private First Class Willy F. James, Jr., USAp. 130
Staff Sergeant Ruben Rivers, USAp. 131
1st Lieutenant Charles L. Thomas, USAp. 132
Private George Watson, USAp. 135
Chapter 7 The Korean War (1950-1953)p. 137
Sergeant Cornelius H. Charlton, USAp. 138
Private First Class William H. Thompson, USAp. 142
Chapter 8 The Vietnam War (1960-1975)p. 145
Private First Class James Anderson, Jr., USMCp. 146
Sergeant Webster Anderson, USAp. 147
Sergeant Eugene Ashley, Jr., USAp. 149
Private First Class Oscar P. Austin, USMCp. 151
Sergeant William Maud Bryant, USAp. 152
Sergeant Rodney Maxwell Davis, USMCp. 154
Private First Class Robert H. Jenkins, Jr., USMCp. 156
Specialist Sixth Class Lawrence Joel, USAp. 157
Specialist Fifth Class Dwight Hal Johnson, USAp. 159
Private First Class Ralph H. Johnson, USMCp. 162
Private First Class Garfield M. Langhorn, USAp. 163
Sergeant Matthew Leonard, USAp. 165
Sergeant Donald Russell Long, USAp. 166
Private First Class Milton L. Olive, III, USAp. 167
Captain Riley L. Pitts, USAp. 169
Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Calvin Rogers, USAp. 170
1st Lieutenant Ruppert L. Sargent, USAp. 173
Specialist 5th Class Clarence Eugene Sasser, USAp. 174
Sergeant Clifford Chester Sims, USAp. 176
1st Lieutenant John Earl Warren, USAp. 177
Appendix Number of Medals of Honor Awarded, by Wars and Campaignsp. 179
Bibliographyp. 181
Indexp. 185