Cover image for Principles of polymerization
Title:
Principles of polymerization
Author:
Odian, George G., 1933-
Personal Author:
Edition:
Third edition.
Publication Information:
New York : Wiley, [1991]

©1991
Physical Description:
xxii, 768 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
General Note:
"A Wiley-Interscience publication."
Language:
English
Contents:
Step polymerization -- Radical chain polymerization -- Emulsion polymerization -- Ionic chain polymerization -- Chain copolymerization -- Ring-opening polymerization -- Stereochemistry of polymerization -- Reactions of polymers -- Index.
Subject Term:
Electronic Access:
Table of Contents http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/onix05/90024785.html
ISBN:
9780471610205
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Describes the physical and organic chemistry of the reactions by which polymer molecules are synthesized. Begins by introducing the characteristics which distinguish polymers from their much smaller sized homologs. Proceeds to a detailed study of three types of polymerization reactions: step, chain and ring-opening. Reactions are characterized as to their kinetic and thermodynamic features, their scope and utility for synthesis of different types of polymer structures, and the process conditions which are used to carry them out. Assumes a background in organic and physical chemistry and can serve as either a self-teaching guide to polymers for the beginner or as a handy reference for the experienced polymer chemist. Each chapter includes a selection of problems to aid learning and a solutions manual is available on request.


Author Notes

George Odian is currently Emeritus Professor of Chemistry at the College of Staten Island of the City University of New York.


Table of Contents

Prefacep. xxiii
1 Introductionp. 1
1-1 Types of Polymers and Polymerizationsp. 1
1-2 Nomenclature of Polymersp. 9
1-3 Linear, Branched, and Crosslinked Polymersp. 17
1-4 Molecular Weightp. 19
1-5 Physical Statep. 24
1-6 Applications of Polymersp. 32
Referencesp. 36
2 Step Polymerizationp. 39
2-1 Reactivity of Functional Groupsp. 40
2-2 Kinetics of Step Polymerizationp. 44
2-3 Accessibility of Functional Groupsp. 63
2-4 Equilibrium Considerationsp. 65
2-5 Cyclization versus Linear Polymerizationp. 69
2-6 Molecular Weight Control in Linear Polymerizationp. 74
2-7 Molecular Weight Distribution in Linear Polymerizationp. 80
2-8 Process Conditionsp. 87
2-9 Multichain Polymerizationp. 101
2-10 Crosslinkingp. 103
2-11 Molecular Weight Distributions in Nonlinear Polymerizationsp. 114
2-12 Crosslinking Technologyp. 117
2-13 Step Copolymerizationp. 135
2-14 High-Performance Polymersp. 144
2-15 Inorganic and Organometallic Polymersp. 168
2-16 Dendritic (Highly Branched) Polymersp. 174
2-17 Miscellaneous Topicsp. 180
Referencesp. 185
3 Radical Chain Polymerizationp. 198
3-1 Nature of Radical Chain Polymerizationp. 199
3-2 Structural Arrangement of Monomer Unitsp. 202
3-3 Rate of Radical Chain Polymerizationp. 204
3-4 Initiationp. 209
3-5 Molecular Weightp. 236
3-6 Chain Transferp. 238
3-7 Inhibition and Retardationp. 255
3-8 Determination of Absolute Rate Constantsp. 264
3-9 Energetic Characteristicsp. 271
3-10 Autoaccelerationp. 282
3-11 Molecular Weight Distributionp. 289
3-12 Effect of Pressurep. 292
3-13 Process Conditionsp. 296
3-14 Specific Commercial Polymersp. 300
3-15 Living Radical Polymerizationp. 313
3-16 Other Polymerizationsp. 330
Referencesp. 332
4 Emulsion Polymerizationp. 350
4-1 Description of Processp. 350
4-2 Quantitative Aspectsp. 356
4-3 Other Characteristics of Emulsion Polymerizationp. 363
Referencesp. 369
5 Ionic Chain Polymerizationp. 372
5-1 Comparison of Radical and Ionic Polymerizationsp. 372
5-2 Cationic Polymerization of the Carbon-Carbon Double Bondp. 374
5-3 Anionic Polymerization of the Carbon-Carbon Double Bondp. 412
5-4 Block and Other Polymer Architecturesp. 436
5-5 Distinguishing Between Radical, Cationic, and Anionic Polymerizationsp. 443
5-6 Carbonyl Polymerizationp. 444
5-7 Miscellaneous Polymerizationsp. 449
Referencesp. 452
6 Chain Copolymerizationp. 464
6-1 General Considerationsp. 465
6-2 Copolymer Compositionp. 466
6-3 Radical Copolymerizationp. 487
6-4 Ionic Copolymerizationp. 506
6-5 Deviations from Terminal Copolymerization Modelp. 512
6-6 Copolymerizations Involving Dienesp. 521
6-7 Other Copolymerizationsp. 528
6-8 Applications of Copolymerizationp. 529
Referencesp. 533
7 Ring-Opening Polymerizationp. 544
7-1 General Characteristicsp. 545
7-2 Cyclic Ethersp. 548
7-3 Lactamsp. 569
7-4 N-Carboxy-[alpha]-Amino Acid Anhydridesp. 578
7-5 Lactonesp. 581
7-6 Nitrogen Heterocyclicsp. 586
7-7 Sulfur Heterocyclicsp. 588
7-8 Cycloalkenesp. 589
7-9 Miscellaneous Oxygen Heterocyclicsp. 592
7-10 Other Ring-Opening Polymerizationsp. 594
7-11 Inorganic and Partially Inorganic Polymersp. 595
7-12 Copolymerizationp. 600
Referencesp. 606
8 Stereochemistry of Polymerizationp. 619
8-1 Types of Stereoisomerism in Polymersp. 620
8-2 Properties of Stereoregular Polymersp. 633
8-3 Forces of Stereoregulation in Alkene Polymerizationsp. 637
8-4 Traditional Ziegler-Natta Polymerization of Nonpolar Alkene Monomersp. 644
8-5 Metallocene Polymerization of Nonpolar Alkene Monomersp. 665
8-6 Other Hydrocarbon Monomersp. 682
8-7 Copolymerizationp. 684
8-8 Postmetallocene: Chelate Initiatorsp. 685
8-9 Living Polymerizationp. 689
8-10 Polymerization of 1,3-Dienesp. 689
8-11 Commercial Applicationsp. 695
8-12 Polymerization of Polar Vinyl Monomersp. 699
8-13 Aldehydesp. 703
8-14 Optical Activity in Polymersp. 704
8-15 Ring-Opening Polymerizationp. 707
8-16 Statistical Models of Propagationp. 708
Referencesp. 713
9 Reactions of Polymersp. 729
9-1 Principles of Polymer Reactivityp. 729
9-2 Crosslinkingp. 737
9-3 Reactions of Cellulosep. 745
9-4 Reactions of Poly(vinyl acetate)p. 748
9-5 Halogenationp. 748
9-6 Aromatic Substitutionp. 750
9-7 Cyclizationp. 751
9-8 Other Reactionsp. 752
9-9 Graft Copolymersp. 752
9-10 Block Copolymersp. 759
9-11 Polymers as Carriers or Supportsp. 760
9-12 Polymer Reagentsp. 765
9-13 Polymer Catalystsp. 768
9-14 Polymer Substratesp. 771
Referencesp. 777
Indexp. 789