Cover image for Royalty who wait : the 21 heads of formerly regnant houses of Europe
Royalty who wait : the 21 heads of formerly regnant houses of Europe
Opfell, Olga S.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., [2001]

Physical Description:
vi, 242 pages : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm
Subject Term:
Format :


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D352.1 .O64 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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Only seven European monarchies remain intact today; all are constitutional monarchies. Four empires and 16 kingdoms have disappeared in Europe during the last two centuries. The Bourbon kingdom in France vanished first, in 1830; the Greek kingdom most recently, in 1973. Former sovereigns still consider themselves to be kings. Princes, dukes and counts remain, possessed of far-reaching connections to currently reigning monarchs. For some of them the path to headship of the royal houses has been complicated, taking many twists and turns. Two world wars caused the greatest attrition in monarchies. Exile has been bitter for some, happier for others, but in and out of exile the heads of royal families live well. Many are successful in business and as financiers. Many are enthusiastic followers of sports. Some manage large estates; others are still trying to regain royal properties. The chapters are arranged in the chronological order in which the kingdoms disappeared. This book profiles twenty-one heads of formerly regnant houses of Europe, set in historical perspective, and recounting varied life styles, occupations, and interests. At the end of each chapter is a chart or set of charts depicting the line of succession of the headship of the house.

Author Notes

Olga S. Opfell is a former college teacher and newspaper reporter

Table of Contents

Prefacep. 1
1 H.R.H. Louis-Alphonse, Prince of Bourbon, Duke of Anjou: Royal House of France (House of Bourbon)p. 11
2 H.R.H. Henri, Count of Paris: Royal House of France (House of Bourbon-Orleans)p. 21
3 H.R.H. Ferdinando, Duke of Castro and H.R.H. Carlos, Duke of Calabria: Royal House of the Two Sicilies (House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies)p. 33
4 H.R.H. Ernst August, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Luneburg: Royal House of Hanover (House of Guelph)p. 42
5 H.I.H. Charles, Prince Napoleon: Imperial House of France (House of Bonaparte)p. 51
6 H.R.H. Duarte, Duke of Braganca: Royal House of Portugal (House of Braganca)p. 62
7 H.I.H. Maria Vladimirovna, Grand Duchess of Russia: Imperial House of Russia (House of Romanov)p. 71
8 H.R.H. Franz, Duke of Bavaria: Royal House of Bavaria (House of Wittelsbach)p. 86
9 H.I.H. Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia: Imperial House of Germany and Royal House of Prussia (House of Hohenzollern)p. 94
10 H.R.H. Maria Emanuel, Margrave of Meissen: Royal House of Saxony (Albertine Line of the House of Wettin)p. 104
11 H.R.H. Nikola Petrovic-Njegos, Crown Prince of Montenegro: Royal House of Montenegro (House of Petrovic-Njegos)p. 113
12 H.R.H. Karl, Duke of Wurttemberg: Royal House of Wurttemberg (House of Wurttemberg)p. 121
13 H.I. and R.H. Otto von Habsburg, Archduke of Austria: Imperial House of Austria and Royal House of Hungary (House of Habsburg-Lorraine)p. 128
14 H.I.H. Ertugrul Osman, Prince of Turkey: Imperial House of Turkey (House of Osman)p. 141
15 H.M. Leka I, King of the Albanians: Royal House of Albania (House of Zogu)p. 154
16 H.R.H. Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia: Royal House of Yugoslavia (House of Karadjordjevic)p. 164
17 H.R.H. Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples: Royal House of Italy (House of Savoy)p. 174
18 H.M. Simeon II, King of the Bulgarians: Royal House of Bulgaria (Bulgarian Branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Ernestine Line of the House of Wettin)p. 183
19 H.M. Michael I, King of Romania: Royal House of Romania (House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen)p. 192
20 H.M. Constantine II, King of the Hellenes: Royal House of Greece (Greek Branch of the House of Oldenburg)p. 203
Appendix Directory of Monarchist Organizations for 2000p. 213
Bibliographyp. 217
Indexp. 229