Cover image for The status of gender integration in the military : analysis of selected occupations
Title:
The status of gender integration in the military : analysis of selected occupations
Author:
Harrell, Margaret C.
Publication Information:
Santa Monica, CA : Rand, [2002]

©2002
Physical Description:
xxviii, 139 pages ; 23 cm
General Note:
"MR-1380."
Language:
English
Reading Level:
1460 Lexile.
Added Author:
ISBN:
9780833030931
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Has opening new skills and units been enough to create equal opportunities for women in the U.S. military? Success has been mixed, in part because of the circumstances of individual occupations, and some issues affect men as much as they do women. Among the authors' recommendations are that career counseling include both opportunities and potential drawbacks and that longer-term studies on specific issues are merited.


Table of Contents

Prefacep. iii
Tablesp. ix
Summaryp. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxiii
Abbreviationsp. xxv
Chapter 1 Introductionp. 1
Backgroundp. 1
Scope and Methodology of This Research Effortp. 6
Intent and Organization of This Reportp. 7
Data and Methodologyp. 8
Phase Onep. 8
Phase Twop. 10
Chapter 2 Data Analysis: Summary of Representation of Women in the Servicesp. 13
Gender Representation Across the Servicesp. 13
Occupations and Units Closed to Womenp. 14
Occupations Newly Opened to Womenp. 15
Differences in Representation Across Gradesp. 36
Units Newly Opened to Womenp. 39
Representation of Women on Navy Shipsp. 39
Summaryp. 45
Chapter 3 Examination of Selected Occupationsp. 47
Selected Occupationsp. 47
Value and Limitations of a Case Study Approachp. 49
Issues Addressed for Selected Occupationsp. 50
Army Bridge Crewmemberp. 51
Backgroundp. 51
How Individuals Accessp. 52
Occupational Training Requirementsp. 54
Occupation Assignment Patternsp. 56
Gender Representationp. 56
Retention Among Bridge Crewmembersp. 56
Observationsp. 58
Army Field Artillery Surveyorp. 59
Backgroundp. 59
How Individuals Accessp. 61
Occupational Training Requirementsp. 62
Occupation Assignment Patternsp. 64
Gender Representationp. 64
Retention Among Army Field Artillery Surveyorsp. 66
Observationsp. 66
Army AH-64 Pilotp. 68
Backgroundp. 68
How Individuals Accessp. 68
Occupational Training Requirementsp. 69
Occupation Assignment Patternsp. 71
Gender Representationp. 71
Retention Among AH-64 Pilotsp. 73
Observationsp. 73
Marine Corps Combat Engineerp. 74
Backgroundp. 74
How Individuals Accessp. 75
Occupational Training Requirementsp. 75
Occupation Assignment Patternsp. 77
Gender Representationp. 78
Retention Among Marine Corps Combat Engineersp. 80
Observationsp. 80
Marine Corps Air Support Operations Operatorp. 81
Backgroundp. 81
How Individuals Accessp. 84
Occupational Training Requirementsp. 84
Occupation Assignment Patternsp. 85
Gender Representationp. 86
Retention Among Air Support Operations Operatorsp. 88
Observationsp. 88
Marine Corps F/A-18 Pilotsp. 89
Backgroundp. 89
How Individuals Accessp. 90
Occupational Training Requirementsp. 90
Occupation Assignment Patternsp. 91
Gender Representationp. 91
Retention Among F/A-18 Pilotsp. 93
Observationsp. 93
Air Force F-16 Pilotsp. 94
Backgroundp. 94
How Individuals Accessp. 94
Occupational Training Requirementsp. 94
Occupation Assignment Patternsp. 96
Gender Representationp. 96
Retention Among F-16 Pilotsp. 97
Observationsp. 98
Navy Gunner's Matep. 98
Backgroundp. 98
How Individuals Accessp. 101
Occupational Training Requirementsp. 102
Occupation Assignment Patternsp. 103
Gender Representationp. 104
Retention Among Navy Gunner's Matesp. 104
Observationsp. 105
Navy Sonar Technician-Surfacep. 107
Backgroundp. 107
How Individuals Accessp. 109
Occupational Training Requirementsp. 110
Occupation Assignment Patternsp. 112
Gender Representationp. 112
Retention Among Navy Sonar Techniciansp. 113
Observationsp. 113
Navy Surface Warfare Officerp. 115
Backgroundp. 115
How Individuals Accessp. 115
Occupational Training Requirementsp. 117
Occupation Assignment Patternsp. 117
Gender Representationp. 118
Retention Among SWOsp. 118
Observationsp. 120
Chapter 4 Conclusions, Recommendations, and Policy Implicationsp. 123
Value and Limitations of Analysisp. 123
Conclusionsp. 124
Female Representationp. 124
Nature of the Workp. 128
Accession and Trainingp. 129
Occupation Assignment Patternsp. 131
Predicting Future Levels of Gender Integrationp. 132
Recommendations and Policy Implicationsp. 133
Bibliographyp. 137