Cover image for Main group chemistry
Title:
Main group chemistry
Author:
Henderson, W., 1963-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York : Wiley-Interscience ; [Cambridge, England] : RS.C [2002]

©2002
Physical Description:
viii, 196 pages ; 25 cm.
General Note:
Includes index.
Language:
English
Subject Term:
Electronic Access:
Table of contents http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/wiley023/2002006102.html
ISBN:
9780471224785
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Main Group Chemistry covers the chemistry of the s- and p-block elements, together with a brief chapter on the chemistry of zinc, cadmium, and mercury, often classified as main group elements. The Periodic Table is an important predictive tool in main group chemistry and in this book forms the basis for describing the trends and variations in the chemistry of elements.


Table of Contents

1 Some Aspects of Structure and Bonding in Main Group Chemistryp. 1
1.1 Introductionp. 1
1.2 Ionization Energy, Electron Affinity and Electronegativityp. 2
1.3 Periodic Trends among the Main Group Elementsp. 5
1.4 Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theoryp. 7
1.5 Molecular Orbital Theoryp. 15
2 The Chemistry of Hydrogenp. 20
2.1 Introductionp. 20
2.2 The Elementp. 21
2.3 The Chemistry of Hydrogenp. 23
2.4 Hydridesp. 24
2.5 Compounds containing Hydrogen formally as H[superscript +]p. 27
2.6 The Hydrogen Bondp. 28
3 The Group 1 (Alkali Metal) Elements: Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Caesium and Franciump. 33
3.1 Introduction and Oxidation State Surveyp. 33
3.2 The Elementsp. 34
3.3 Chemistry of the Alkali Metalsp. 35
3.4 Simple Salts of the Alkali Metalsp. 36
3.5 Compounds with Oxygen and Sulfurp. 39
3.6 Compounds with Nitrogenp. 40
3.7 Hydridesp. 41
3.8 Compounds with Carbonp. 41
3.9 Alkali Metal Complexesp. 42
3.10 Similarities in the Chemistry of Lithium and Magnesiump. 43
4 The Group 2 Elements: Beryllium, Magnesium, Calcium, Strontium, Barium and Radiump. 46
4.1 Introduction and Oxidation State Surveyp. 46
4.2 The Elementsp. 47
4.3 Simple Compounds and Saltsp. 47
4.4 Compounds with Oxygen and Sulfurp. 50
4.5 Compounds with Nitrogenp. 51
4.6 Hydridesp. 52
4.7 Compounds with Carbonp. 52
4.8 Group 2 Metal Complexesp. 54
4.9 Similarities in the Chemistry of Beryllium and Aluminiump. 55
5 The Group 13 Elements: Boron, Aluminium, Gallium, Indium and Thalliump. 57
5.1 Introduction and Oxidation State Surveyp. 57
5.2 The Elementsp. 58
5.3 Chemistry of the Elementsp. 59
5.4 Boridesp. 59
5.5 Halidesp. 60
5.6 Hydrides and Organometallic Compoundsp. 63
5.7 Oxides, Hydroxides and Oxyanionsp. 69
5.8 Compounds with Groups 15 and 16 Elementsp. 71
5.9 Aquated and Related Complex Cationsp. 73
6 The Group 14 Elements: Carbon, Silicon, Germanium, Tin and Leadp. 76
6.1 Introduction and Oxidation State Surveyp. 76
6.2 The Elementsp. 77
6.3 Chemistry of the Elementsp. 80
6.4 Group 14 Hydrides and Organometallic Compoundsp. 81
6.5 Group 14 Halidesp. 82
6.6 Carbides and Silicidesp. 84
6.7 Oxidesp. 85
6.8 Sulfides, Selenides and Telluridesp. 88
6.9 Polyatomic Anions of the Group 14 Elementsp. 88
7 The Group 15 (Pnictogen) Elements: Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Arsenic, Antimony and Bismuthp. 92
7.1 Introduction and Oxidation State Surveyp. 92
7.2 The Elementsp. 93
7.3 Hydridesp. 95
7.4 Oxidesp. 98
7.5 Sulfidesp. 102
7.6 Oxyanions and Oxyacidsp. 103
7.7 Halidesp. 105
7.8 Nitrides and Phosphidesp. 107
8 The Group 16 (Chalcogen) Elements: Oxygen, Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium and Poloniump. 110
8.1 Introduction and Oxidation State Surveyp. 110
8.2 The Elementsp. 111
8.3 Hydrides and Related Speciesp. 113
8.4 Halidesp. 118
8.5 Oxidesp. 120
8.6 Oxyhalides of Sulfur, Selenium and Telluriump. 121
8.7 Oxyacids of Sulfur, Selenium and Telluriump. 122
8.8 Polychalcogen Cationsp. 124
9 The Group 17 (Halogen) Elements: Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine and Astatinep. 128
9.1 Introduction and Oxidation State Surveyp. 128
9.2 The Elementsp. 129
9.3 Chemistry of the Elementsp. 130
9.4 Hydrogen Halides, HX, and Halide Salts, Xp. 131
9.5 Halogen Oxidesp. 132
9.6 Oxyacids and Oxyanions of the Halogensp. 134
9.7 Interhalogen Compoundsp. 137
9.8 The Chemistry of Astatinep. 142
10 The Group 18 (Noble Gas) Elements: Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon and Radonp. 146
10.1 Introduction and Oxidation State Surveyp. 146
10.2 The Elementsp. 148
10.3 Noble Gas Halidesp. 149
10.4 Reactions of Noble Gas Fluorides with Fluoride Ion Acceptors and Donorsp. 151
10.5 Xenon-Oxygen Compoundsp. 152
10.6 Xenon and Krypton Compounds with Bonds to Elements other than O and Fp. 154
11 The Group 12 Elements: Zinc, Cadmium and Mercuryp. 157
11.1 Introductionp. 157
11.2 The Elementsp. 158
11.3 Chemistry of the Elementsp. 158
11.4 Halidesp. 158
11.5 Chalcogenides and Related Compoundsp. 159
11.6 Oxygen Compoundsp. 160
11.7 Formation of Coordination Complexesp. 161
11.8 Low-valent Compoundsp. 162
12 Selected Polymeric Main Group Compoundsp. 165
12.1 Introductionp. 165
12.2 Polyphosphatesp. 165
12.3 Silicatesp. 168
12.4 Silicone Polymersp. 173
12.5 Polyphosphazenesp. 174
Further Readingp. 177
Answers to Problemsp. 179
Subject Indexp. 194