Cover image for American presidential campaigns and elections
Title:
American presidential campaigns and elections
Author:
Campbell, Ballard C., 1940-
Publication Information:
Armonk, N.Y. : Sharpe Reference, [2002]

©2002
Physical Description:
3 volumes ; 29 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780765680426
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Presidential campaigns and elections provide the drama and substance of America's democratic process. As democracy in action, they punctuate our nation's history in precise intervals, capturing the issues, the ideas, and the mood of the nation every four years. Every/campaign follows a similar format: candidates jockey for selection, nominations are made, candidates and party leaders hit the trail, and voters render their decision on Election Day. Yet despite this familiar process, every campaign is unique, featuring colorful personalities and unexpected events. This fully illustrated reference is packed with facts and information on every campaign from the election of 1788-89 through the hotly contested election of 2000. Each entry traces in detail the background and results of the election, provides biographical information on every presidential and vice-presidential candidate, and offers state-by-state tallies of every election. The set also features hundreds of rarely seen documents associated with the campaigns.


Reviews 4

Booklist Review

Professors Shade and Campbell are respectively affiliated with Lehigh University and Northeastern University. With the assistance of 44 contributors, they have compiled this set intended for general readers and scholars. It contains 62 signed essays, six appendixes, and two indexes. The first eight essays cover an assortment of topics, among them the electoral college, the role of the media, and campaign finances. Following this there is an analysis of every presidential election from 1788-89 to 2000. Each election chapter offers a description of the issues, conventions, campaigns, and election results; a chronology; a highlight sidebar focusing on an interesting aspect of the election; a vote analysis in chart and map form; a bibliography; and a collection of between five and seven documents. Examples of the highlight essays include a discussion of the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and an analysis of the Willie Horton story and its role in the election of 1988. Among the documents are Thomas Jefferson's first message to Congress in 1801; excerpts from the Lincoln-Douglas debate on October 15, 1858; and Who Will Then Speak for the Common Good? --Barbara Jordan's keynote address at the Democratic National Convention in 1976. Other documents include letters, slogans, campaign songs, speeches, editorials, and cartoons. Also provided are more than 170 fact boxes presenting brief biographical summaries for each candidate, including place and date of birth, political party, parents' names, schooling, marriage, family, military service, career, and death information. The vote analysis shows both the popular and electoral vote returns, and the 54 maps show the electoral vote. Numerous black-and-white illustrations are appropriately placed throughout the text. Each volume comes with a table of contents and a list of features--fact boxes, highlights, election returns, maps, and documents--for the set. The separate list of features is a useful aid. Several appendixes round out the work. The first contains excerpts on the electoral college and the presidency from the U.S. Constitution. This is followed by a glossary with definitions of 77 terms. Next are two chronologies, one of political parties and one of events; a bibliography with more than 500 citations; and an extensive list of the sources used for election statistics. The general index is arranged by subject, and a biographical index directs users to all references to people throughout the text. Both indexes are repeated in each volume. Although there are other reference sources that cover various aspects of U.S. presidential elections, none provide this kind of detailed election-by-election history. The text is both readable and informative, enhanced by good organization, well-chosen features, and attractive design. This reference will prove valuable to high-school, academic, and public library reference collections. -- RBB Copyright 2003 Booklist


Library Journal Review

Despite no mention of political parties in the U.S. Constitution and a warning about them in George Washington's Farewell Address, the American political system gave birth to a vibrant two-party system, including the world's oldest political party. In this comprehensive encyclopedia, editors Shade (history, emeritus, Lehigh Univ.) and Campbell (history, Northeastern Univ.) cover both the large and the small dimensions of America's electoral history. While there are introductory and thematic chapters, the bulk of the publication is made up of chronological chapters covering the quadrennial contests between 1788 and 2000. Fascinating, readable, and illustrated with photographs and cartoons, these sections are authored by nearly four dozen scholars and place each presidential campaign in historical sequence, along with background information on the major candidates, issues, and campaign organizations. "Highlight" portions within those sections capture the most memorable moment of the campaigns (e.g., a brief discussion of Richard Nixon's "Checkers" speech in 1952, the "daisy ad" from Lyndon Johnson's 1964 campaign), a brief chronology of the campaign, and background data on each presidential, vice presidential, and "also ran" candidate. The electoral maps and tables with a state-by-state popular and electoral vote for major candidates are a reference librarian's dream given the data's accessibility. The third volume contains appendixes with a glossary and a detailed chronology and bibliography. In conjunction with the much briefer Encyclopedia of American Parties, Campaigns, and Elections, edited by William C. Binning and others, and The Encyclopedia of the Republican/The Encyclopedia of the Democratic Party, edited by George T. Kurian, this publication serves to complete a reference set for libraries on the American electoral process. An essential purchase for both public and academic libraries.-William D. Pederson, Louisiana State Univ., Shreveport (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


School Library Journal Review

Gr 8 Up-A comprehensive look at presidential campaigns from 1788 through 2000. Each section includes a lengthy essay that discusses the times, issues, and candidates. Each entry generally begins with pre-primary strategies and follows through to the conventions, elections, and a brief look at the elected president's early days in office. Fact boxes about each candidate; excerpts from debates, speeches, and other documents; and maps and tables are also included. Highlighted boxes offer extra information about key issues or events related to some campaigns, such as "Manifest Destiny" in 1844 and "The Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy" in 1968. The first volume includes several general pieces on the electoral process, introducing such elements as the role of third parties, conventions, and campaign finance over time. Many of these issues are also addressed within particular campaigns, lending continuity to the set. Though dozens of authors contribute essays, style and approach are generally consistent. The scholarly tone is nicely balanced by the authors' enthusiasm and fascination with political history. Cumulative indexes (both general and biographical) are featured in each volume, making navigation easy. More detailed than Fred Israel's Student's Atlas of American Presidential Elections, 1789-1996 (Congressional Quarterly, 1997) or Yanek Mieczkowski's The Routledge Historical Atlas of Presidential Elections (Routledge, 2001) and less overwhelming than Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections (Congressional Quarterly, 2003), this is an accessible and informative choice for students.-Steven Engelfried, Beaverton City Library, OR (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Choice Review

This outstanding set makes a substantial contribution to describing and documenting presidential election campaigns in the US. It begins with eight essays examining specific historical themes and issues that characterize the American electoral landscape; one essay, for example, traces the development of nominating conventions and primary elections. The next 54 chapters describe, analyze, and interpret each presidential campaign, 1788-89 to 2000. Written by experts, the essays include a chronology, brief biographical profiles of the major candidates, state-by-state election returns, and maps showing distribution of the electoral vote, and conclude with a brief bibliography of further readings. Following each essay are key documents that represent "the central features of the contestants and campaigns," among them letters, campaign speeches, pamphlets, newspaper editorials, excerpts from court decisions and political party platforms, and reproductions of political cartoons, campaign buttons, or other ephemeral material. An appendix contains excerpts from clauses and amendments of the US Constitution related to the Electoral College and the presidential election process. The work ends with a glossary, a chronology of the party system, a chronology of general historical events concerning presidential elections, a comprehensive bibliography of scholarly research arranged by broad time periods in American history, a source list of statistics, and subject and biographical indexes. Previous reference works, (e.g., Encyclopedia of the American Presidency, ed. by Leonard W. Levy and Louis Fisher, 4v., CH, Feb'94), provide useful information about individual presidential elections and campaigns, but the present work provides a much more thorough framework for understanding the complex dynamics and key issues underlying each presidential campaign and election and places the events in broader historical, political, and cultural contexts. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. All collections. R. V. Labaree University of Southern California


Table of Contents

Contributors
Acknowledgments
Introduction
The American Electoral Process
The Electoral College: Its Origins, Operation, and Evolution
The Changing Shape of the American Electorate: Suffrage Laws and Turnout
The Influence of Major Parties on Presidential Elections
The Role of Third parties in American Politics
The Evolution of Primary Elections and Nominating Conventions
The Role of the press and Media in American Elections
Campaign Finance in American Presidential Elections
The Character Issue in Presidential Politics
Elections
The Election of 1788-89
The Election of 1792
The Election of 1796
The Election of 1800
The Election of 1804
The Election of 1808
The Election of 1812
The Election of 1816
The Election of 1820
The Election of 1824
The Election of 1828
The Election of 1832
The Election of 1836
The Election of 1840
The Election of 1844
The Election of 1848
The Election of 1852
The Election of 1856
The Election of 1860
The Election of 1864
The Election of 1868
The Election of 1872
The Election of 1876
The Election of 1880
The Election of 1884
The Election of 1888
The Election of 1892
The Election of 1896
The Election of 1900
The Election of 1904
The Election of 1908
The Election of 1912
The Election of 1916
The Election of 1920
The Election of 1924
The Election of 1928
The Election of 1932
The Election of 1936
The Election of 1940
The Election of 1944
The Election of 1948
The Election of 1952
The Election of 1956
The Election of 1960
The Election of 1964
The Election of 1968
The Election of 1972
The Election of 1976
The Election of 1980
The Election of 1984
The Election of 1988
The Election of 1992
The Election of 1996
The Election of 2000
Glossary
Timeline Of Events
Timeline of Political Parties
Bibliography
Biographical Index
General Index