Cover image for Trout and salmon of North America
Trout and salmon of North America
Behnke, Robert J.
Personal Author:
First edition.
Publication Information:
New York : Free Press, [2002]

Physical Description:
viii, 359 pages : color illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Added Author:
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
QL638.S2 B432 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



This beautiful and definitive guide brings together the world's lead leading expert on North American trout and salmon, Robert Behnke, and the foremost illustrator in the field, Joseph Tomelleri.
North America is graced with the greatest diversity of trout and salmon on earth. From tiny brook trout in mountain streams of the Northeast, to cutthroat trout in the rivers of the Rockies, to Chinook salmon of the Pacific, the continent is home to more than 70 types of trout and salmon. How this came to be, how they are related, and what makes them unique -- and so breathtaking -- is the story of Trout and Salmon of North America.
The more than 100 illustrations of trout and salmon by Joseph Tomelleri showcased here exhibit a genius for detail, coloration, and proportion. Each portrait is made from field notes, streamside observations, photographs, and specimens collected by the artist. The result is a set of the most accurate and stunning illustrations of fish ever created. Robert Behnke has distilled 50 years of his research and writing about trout and salmon in completing this book. No one understands better than Behnke the diversity and conservation issues concerning these fishes or communicates so lucidly the biological wonders and complexities of their particular beauty.
Also included are more than 40 richly detailed maps that clearly show the ranges of populations of trout and salmon throughout North America.
An irresistible delight for anyone who appreciates natural history, Trout and Salmon of North America is a master guide to the natural elegance of our native fishes.

Author Notes

Robert J. Behnke, Ph.D., is a professor emeritus of Fisheries and Conservation in the Department of Fishery and Wildlife Biology at Colorado State University in Fort Collins, Colorado.
Joseph R. Tomelleri, M.S. (Biology), pursued research in botany before turning full time to illustration in 1986.

Reviews 4

Booklist Review

Arguably the most important sport fish in the world, members of the family Salmonidae include trout, salmon, whitefish, grayling, and char. Behnke, a fisheries biologist, has produced an encyclopedic yet very readable guide to these fishes. Ranging in size from the 7-inch brook trout of the East to the 40-inch chinook (or king) salmon of the Pacific Northwest, all are noted for their popularity with both anglers and epicures. Every species and well-defined subspecies of salmonid is covered in its own section, with a detailed range map and description, and information on biology, distribution, evolution, classification, and conservation. This last part may be the most important, as most of the trout and salmon in North America are threatened, suffering vastly reduced numbers from overfishing, pollution, damming of rivers, and, perhaps the most insidious, the introduction of trout or salmon species to watersheds where they were not native. Tomelleri's luminous pencil drawings illustrate multiple types for each form, making this an indispensable source for any library located near a trout or salmon fishery. Nancy Bent

Publisher's Weekly Review

In ichthyology, the genus Oncorhynchus includes the world's 10 species of trout and salmon. To the everlasting thankfulness of America's 35 million anglers, North America is home to nine species of these elusive and delicious fish (five salmon and four trout). Behnke (Native Trout of Western North America), professor emeritus of fishery and wildlife biology at Colorado State University, has brought his more than 50 years of studying, and fishing for salmon and trout, to wonderful effect. He provides readers with an authoritative compendium of the evolution, biology, ecology, habitats and behaviors of these prized game fish. A capsule legend that includes scientific name, other common names, habitat, size, life span and diet accompanies each entry, amazingly illustrated by Tomelleri (Fishes of the Central United States), whose fish seem to shimmer on the pages. Habitat maps, which include coastal waters, rivers, streams and lakes, are detailed and specific enough to be taken on fishing excursions. The book includes a good deal of fishing lore, as in the notations that describe the best flies, bait and lures for specific types of fish and locales. Behnke also ponders some of the more philosophical aspects of ecology and human responsibility for the environment. Along with full and clearly written scientific explanations, statistics and analysis, the author provides anecdotal and historical details that make this not just a field guide, but a fascinating read for those interested in the natural world. For the last word on trout and salmon, look no further than this guide. (Oct.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved

Library Journal Review

Behnke (emeritus, fishery and wildlife biology, Colorado State Univ.) has served on numerous advisory boards for state and federal agencies. Noted illustrator Tomelleri has traveled over 135,000 miles to collect fish for his extraordinary drawings. Their new book is an authoritative, easy-to-use guide to the more than 70 types of trout and salmon of North America. Chapters are arranged by type: Oncorhynchus (Pacific salmon, rainbow trout, and redband trout, Gila, Apache, and cutthroat trout); Salmo (Atlantic salmon and brown trout); and Salvelinus (brook trout, lake trout, bull trout, Arctic char, and Dolly Varden). Other salmonids included are the Arctic grayling and mountain whitefish. Each section contains an overview of the species, a side bar summarizing physical information, and a description of the fish and its biology, distribution, evaluation, classification, and conservation requirements. Tomelleri's are, perhaps, the best nonphotographic illustrations available in books of this kind, and Behnke's text reflects his expertise. If Behnke's Native Trout of North America and David Carroll's Trout Reflections are already a part of your collection, then this book is a highly recommended addition. General collections needing an excellent field guide and reference for serious anglers and naturalists will also find this a terrific choice.-Mary J. Nickum, Lakewood, CO (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Choice Review

This richly illustrated volume, the result of a collaboration between leading salmonid authority Behnke and renowned fish artist Tomelleri, is at once valuable enough as a reference to keep on one's desk at the office and beautiful enough to place on one's coffee table at home. Trout and Salmon of North America tells the story of the fishes that we have come to value so highly for sport, for food, and as symbols of conservation. Coverage includes the major salmonid species of the region, with special attention paid to the numerous subspecies of rainbow and cutthroat trout. Individual accounts provide information about physical characteristics, biology, distribution, evolution and classification, and conservation of each species. Maps detail the geographic distribution of these fishes, and figures aid in their identification. However, it is the illustrations that jump off the page and demand to be studied carefully. These illustrations are especially helpful in distinguishing between sexes and between different ecological forms (e.g., ocean versus lake). This book is for those who love to fish, and for students and professionals in the fields of ichthyology and fisheries science. ^BSumming Up: Essential. General readers; upper-division undergraduates through professionals. S. G. Tolley Florida Gulf Coast University

Table of Contents

Thomas McGuane
Forewordp. vii
Introductionp. 1
Genus Oncorhynchusp. 11
Pacific Salmonp. 23
Chinookp. 23
Cohop. 33
Pinkp. 41
Chump. 49
Sockeyep. 57
Rainbow and Redband Troutp. 65
Coastal Rainbow Troutp. 75
Redband Trout of the Columbia River Basinp. 81
Redband Trout of the Northern Great Basinp. 87
Redband and Rainbow Trout of the Northern Sacramento River Drainagep. 97
Golden Trout of the Kern River Drainagep. 105
Rainbow Trout of Mexicop. 115
Gila and Apache Troutp. 123
Mexican Golden Troutp. 131
Cutthroat Troutp. 137
Coastal Cutthroat Troutp. 149
Westslope Cutthroat Troutp. 155
Yellowstone Cutthroat Troutp. 163
Snake River Finespotted Cutthroat Troutp. 175
Bonneville Basin Cutthroat Troutp. 181
Colorado River Cutthroat Troutp. 189
Greenback Cutthroat Troutp. 195
Yellowfin Cutthroat Troutp. 201
Rio Grande Cutthroat Troutp. 207
Lahontan Cutthroat Troutp. 211
Paiute Cutthroat Troutp. 217
Alvord Cutthroat Troutp. 221
Whitehorse Basin Cutthroat Troutp. 225
Humboldt Cutthroat Troutp. 229
Genus Salmop. 235
Atlantic Salmonp. 239
Brown Troutp. 253
Genus Salvelinusp. 265
Brook Troutp. 273
Lake Troutp. 281
Bull Troutp. 291
Arctic Charp. 301
Dolly Vardenp. 313
Other Salmonids of North Americap. 323
Arctic Graylingp. 325
Mountain Whitefishp. 333
Epiloguep. 341
Artist's Notep. 345
Acknowledgmentsp. 347
Species Listp. 350
Selected Bibliographyp. 352
Glossaryp. 353
Indexp. 355