Cover image for Statistical handbook on the world's children
Title:
Statistical handbook on the world's children
Author:
Kaul, Chandrika.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Oryx Press, 2002.
Physical Description:
xxi, 544 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm
Language:
English
Electronic Access:
Table of contents http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/fy02/2002277771.html
ISBN:
9781573563901
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

At the beginning of the 21st century, there is a growing global consciousness of the issues affecting children and a commitment to address them. The Statistical Handbook on the World's Children responds to the significant need for a comprehensive collection of international statistical material on children that can be quickly accessed and easily understood by the general researcher.

Organized into eight sections covering such general subject areas as demography, education, health and nutrition, disease, economics, social life, and crime, the Handbook offers data on some of the most important aspects of these broad-ranging topics. Each section begins with a general introduction and explanation of indicators to help the user make sense of the data, which is drawn from a wide range of recognized sources including: the United Nations, the World Health Organization, the International Criminal Police Organization, the U.S. Census Bureau, the World Bank, as well as regional and government reports, studies from nongovernmental organizations, and private research papers. Care has been taken to capture the latest available data for all indicators and Web citations, where available, are included in the source notes. More than just another statistical reference, the Handbook concludes with an appendix containing the text of several of the most important international documents related to children as well as a glossary of useful terms, and a list of key organizations devoted to children.


Reviews 2

Booklist Review

Kaul, who is also responsible for other titles in the Oryx Statistical Handbooks series, provides a portrait of the state of the world's children. Statistics were drawn from international sources such as the United Nations, World Health Organization, United States Census Bureau, and International Criminal Police Organization. The volume is organized into eight chapters covering such topics as "Education," "Health and Nutrition," and "Crime, Violence and War." Each chapter begins with an introduction and explanation of indicators, followed by tables. Examples of topics addressed in the tables include worldwide mother and infant mortality rates, public spending on education, malnutrition, and child labor. Because there is no internationally accepted definition of child, the age ranges provided in the tables vary, depending on the source. The well-formatted layout and large size of this book make the statistics easy to read and use. Citations to the sources are accompanied by the location of their related Web sites, so the researcher may locate revised information when it becomes available. Appendixes containing the texts of documents such as "Declaration of the Rights of the Child" and "C182 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999" are an excellent addition. This volume is recommended for academic and large public libraries.Reference Books in Brief The following is a list of additional recent and recommended reference sources.


Choice Review

Since children make up almost 40 percent of the world's population, it is fitting that this reference source compiles such a large amount of information from a wide selection of reputable sources such as UNICEF, the UN, World Bank, the US Census Bureau, and less familiar organizations that provide information that can be hard to track down. Although much of the information can be found online (Web sites are cited), this easy-to-use volume brings together information that could take hours to compile. The tables reflect the harsh reality for a majority of the world's children. Although some of the statistics are dated because international data are hard to locate, they still provide a valuable picture of the problems and issues related to children of the world. The appendixes and listing of key organizations concerned with children enhance the volume and provide a wealth of sources for further research. The information, much of it cross-disciplinary, will have value in a variety of subject areas--social work, psychology, education, business. Recommended for high school, public, and academic collections. D. J. Turner Auraria Library


Table of Contents

Introductionp. ix
List of Tables and Figuresp. xii
A. Demographics and Vital Statisticsp. 1
1. Child Populationp. 3
2. Sex Ratio at Birthp. 28
3. Population Growth Ratesp. 32
4. Child Population Projectionsp. 36
5. Youth Dependency Ratiop. 41
6. Infant Mortality Ratep. 43
7. Under-5 Mortality Ratep. 65
8. Gender Difference in Mortalityp. 77
9. Births to Adolescentsp. 82
10. Maternal Mortalityp. 89
11. The Mothers' Indexp. 93
12. Life Expectancyp. 95
13. Healthy Life Expectancyp. 115
B. Educationp. 119
1. Number of Schoolsp. 123
2. Compulsory Educationp. 126
3. Entrance Age and Duration of Schooling by Levelp. 129
4. Net Apparent Intake Ratep. 141
5. Enrollment Ratiosp. 143
6. Age-Specific Enrollment Ratiop. 154
7. Gender and Wealthp. 157
8. Types of Educationp. 167
9. Class Size and Pupil-Teacher Ratiop. 177
10. Coefficient of Efficiencyp. 184
11. Students Repeating Gradesp. 185
12. Survival Ratiosp. 187
13. Transition Ratep. 189
14. School Life Expectancyp. 190
15. Facilitiesp. 191
16. Public Spending on Educationp. 194
17. Time Spent in Overall Instructionp. 206
18. Homeworkp. 207
19. Student Performance and Achievementp. 208
20. Literacy Ratesp. 217
21. Illiteracyp. 220
C. Health and Nutritionp. 223
1. Central Government Expenditures for Health Carep. 226
2. Access to Safe Waterp. 228
3. Access to Sanitationp. 231
4. Hospital Bedsp. 234
5. Health Care Professionalsp. 235
6. Births Attended by Skilled Personnelp. 243
7. Vaccination and Immunizationp. 246
8. Vitamin and Mineral Supplementsp. 274
9. Oral Rehydration Treatment (ORT)p. 277
10. Food Aidp. 281
11. Breast-fed Babiesp. 282
D. Disease, Hunger and Malnutritionp. 284
1. Causes of Deathp. 287
2. Preventable Diseasesp. 296
3. Malariap. 314
4. Childhood Cancerp. 315
5. Deaths from Preventable Injuriesp. 315
6. Deaths from Traffic Accidentsp. 316
7. Vitamin and Mineral Deficienciesp. 317
8. Oral Disease Prevalencep. 322
9. Low Birth Weight or Underweightp. 325
10. Childhood Obesityp. 328
11. Hungerp. 329
12. Malnutritionp. 343
E. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)p. 351
1. Beginning of the Epidemicp. 353
2. Children Living with HIV/AIDSp. 354
3. AIDS Deathsp. 364
4. Teens and the AIDS Info Gapp. 371
5. AIDS Orphansp. 374
6. AIDS and Educationp. 379
F. Economicsp. 380
1. Gross Domestic and National Product per Capitap. 383
2. Indebtednessp. 390
3. Official Development Assistance (ODA)p. 395
4. Spending for Basic Social Servicesp. 398
5. Human Poverty Index (HPI)p. 400
6. International Poverty Line (IPL)p. 402
7. Child Poverty in the Industrial Worldp. 404
8. Poverty and Household Compositionp. 405
9. Minimum Work Agep. 406
10. Children's Work Placesp. 407
11. Size of Child Labor Forcep. 408
12. Distribution of Child Laborp. 414
13. Youth Unemploymentp. 415
G. Family, Social Environment and Behaviorp. 416
1. Human Development Index (HDI)p. 419
2. The Child Risk Measure (CRM)p. 422
3. Householdsp. 425
4. Average Family Sizep. 429
5. Children Living Away from Parentsp. 430
6. Foster Care and Foster Childrenp. 431
7. Institutional and State Carep. 432
8. Adoptionp. 433
9. Children of Divorcep. 435
10. Working Mothersp. 436
11. Sexual Activityp. 437
12. Contraceptionp. 438
13. Teenage Abortionsp. 439
14. Married Adolescentsp. 439
15. Tobacco and Alcoholp. 445
16. Food Habitsp. 448
17. Dental Carep. 451
18. Leisure Activitiesp. 451
19. Exercisep. 453
H. Crime, Violence and Warp. 454
1. Illegal Drug Usep. 457
2. Age of Criminal Responsibilityp. 461
3. Juvenile Crimesp. 462
4. Juvenile Prisonersp. 465
5. Homicide, Suicide and Firearm-Related Deathsp. 468
6. Commercial Sexual Exploitationp. 468
7. Violence Against Girlsp. 471
8. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)p. 472
9. Refugee Childrenp. 473
10. Children in the Militaryp. 482
11. Landminesp. 493
Appendixesp. 496
1. World Health Organization Regional and Economic Groupingsp. 496
2. Declaration of the Rights of the Childp. 498
3. Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)p. 499
4. Signatories to the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)p. 509
5. UNICEF's Response to HIV/AIDS Epidemicp. 512
6. International Labour Organization C138 Minimum Age Convention, 1973p. 513
7. C182 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999p. 517
8. Declaration on Social and Legal Principles Relating to the Protection and Welfare of Children, with Special Reference to Foster Placement and Adoption Nationally and Internationallyp. 520
9. Draft Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on Involvement of Children in Armed Conflictp. 522
10. Optional Protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict and on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornographyp. 525
Acronymsp. 533
Glossaryp. 534
Indexp. 538