Cover image for Notable American philanthropists : biographies of giving and volunteering
Title:
Notable American philanthropists : biographies of giving and volunteering
Author:
Grimm, Robert T.
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 2002.
Physical Description:
xxvi, 388 pages : illustrations, portraits ; 27 cm
General Note:
"An Oryx book."
Language:
English
Added Author:
ISBN:
9781573563406
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

This book provides substantial profiles of individuals and families who made significant contributions to the American philanthropic tradition from the 1600s to the present. The volume encompasses men and women who significantly shaped American life by their dedication to voluntary service or charitable donations. The 78 entries describe 110 individuals (a number of essays describe entire families, such as the Rockefellers, Booths, and Guggenheims). Most essays are 1,500-2,500 words in length, but family entries range from 2,500-9,000 words. Each essay examines a philanthropist's early years, education, and career, and then focuses upon his or her philanthropic philosophy and actions. Particular attention is paid to an individual's motivations and justifications for philanthropy.

Short samples of each philanthropist's writings are included, and the important societal contributions of each individual's philanthropic activity are assessed. All entries are cross-referenced and include a bibliographic list of references (print and nonprint sources). Many feature photos, and some describe the location of personal papers and other manuscript sources. This book also includes a preface, introduction, timeline, and lists of videos and children's books on American philanthropy. Sixty scholars contributed to this volume, each of who is notable for work on certain individuals or in the broad field of American philanthropy. These contributors did a great deal of original research, making this book the only source for detailed information on many of the included individuals.


Author Notes

ROBERT T. GRIMM JR. teaches Philanthropic Studies and History and directs the American Philanthropists Project at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University. In addition to currently serving as a regular columnist for Foundation News & Commentary , he has been an Earhart Fellow and published numerous works on American philanthropy and nonprofits.


Reviews 2

Booklist Review

Many people believe philanthropy is a practice limited to the wealthy and powerful. But this collection of 78 profiles that describe 110 individuals and in some cases families reveals that some people of modest means have helped shape American life through voluntary service or charitable donations. Although most readers will have heard of the Rockefellers or the Guggenheims, or are aware of Jane Addams' work in the early 1900s at Hull House in Chicago, fewer might be familiar with Oseola McCarty, a laundress who gave $150,000 to the University of Southern Mississippi in 1995, or Rebecca Gratz, who established the first independent Jewish women's charitable association in 1819. Among other names that appear here are Clara Barton, Andrew Carnegie, Cesar Chavez, and Bill Gates. One entry describes the strong commitment of the Lakota nation to giving and sharing. There is little awareness of American Indian philanthropy, and yet it is one of America's oldest philanthropic traditions. The entries, varying from 1,500 to 2,500 words in length for individuals and 2,500 to 9,000 for families, examine early life and education, career, philosophy, motivations, and actions. Some short examples of a person's writings may be included, and the contributions to society are evaluated. The entries conclude with compact bibliographies and are cross-referenced. The appendixes include Timeline of American Philanthropy (from the 1600s to 1999), a list of videos and a list of children's books about some of the people who are profiled, and an index that interfiles personal or family names, organizations, and subjects. This volume complements other information on the more famous persons and also introduces readers to some forgotten or lesser-known persons. It is recommended for large public and academic libraries. -- RBB Copyright 2003 Booklist


Choice Review

From small local efforts to great national benevolent organizations, individuals have improved the lives of others and brought about both material amelioration and noteworthy changes to the social fabric of the US. Grimm's volume (he is research director, American Philanthropists Project) provides nearly 80 essays on persons and families who have "made significant contributions to the American philanthropic tradition from the seventeenth century to today." Beginning with a history of American philanthropy, the volume includes biographical sketches that range from 1,500 to 9,000 words and explore the lives of 110 individuals--formative influences, motivations, activities, personality foibles, and the impact of their work. Contributed by distinguished experts, essays include photographs and citations to published and manuscript sources. Useful appendixes include a time line and lists of children's books and videos. The first comprehensive collective biography of American philanthropists, this work is a useful addition to collections that contain similar works (e.g., American Reformers: An H.W. Wilson Biographical Dictionary, ed. by Alden Whitman, 1985). ^BSumming Up: Recommended. General readers and lower-division undergraduates. T. McDevitt Indiana University of Pennsylvania


Table of Contents

Susan V. BerresfordBlack Elk and Mary Crow DogBallington and Maud and Evangeline BoothGeorge Draper Dayton and Kenneth Nelson Dayton and Donald Chadwick Dayton and Bruce Bliss Dayton and Wallace Corliss Dayton and Douglas DaytonMeyer Guggenheim and Daniel Guggenheim and Solomon R. Guggenheim and Simon Guggenheim and Harry Frank Guggenheim and Marguerite "Peggy" GuggenheimAndrew W. Mellon and Ailsa Mellon Bruce and Paul MellonRobert Owen and Robert Dale OwenJ. Howard Pew and Mary Ethel Pew and Joseph N. Pew, Jr. and Mabel Pew MyrinJohn D. Rockefeller, Jr. and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller and John D. Rockefeller 3rd and Abby "Babs" Rockefeller Mauze and Nelson A. Rockefeller and Laurance S. Rockefeller and Winthrop Rockefeller and David Rockefeller and Peggy Dulany
Advisory Committee and Contributorsp. xi
Forewordp. xv
Prefacep. xvii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxi
Introductionp. xxiii
Notable American Philanthropistsp. 1
Jane Addamsp. 1
American Indian Philanthropy: Family and Giving in Lakota Communitiesp. 5
Leonard Baconp. 10
Roger Nash Baldwinp. 14
Clara Bartonp. 17
Lyman Beecherp. 21
Anthony Benezetp. 26
Mary McLeod Bethunep. 29
Bernice Pauahi Paki Bishopp. 33
Booth Familyp. 38
Charles Loring Bracep. 44
Robert Somers Brookingsp. 47
Andrew Carnegiep. 52
Cesar Estrada Chavezp. 55
Peter Cooperp. 58
Paul Cuffe and James Fortenp. 61
Dorothy Dayp. 68
Dayton Familyp. 72
Dorothea Lynde Dixp. 80
Katharine Drexelp. 83
George Eastmanp. 87
Henry Ford and Edsel Fordp. 92
Benjamin Franklinp. 99
Hector Perez Garciap. 104
Mary Elizabeth Garrettp. 107
William H. (Bill) Gates IIIp. 112
Stephen Girardp. 116
Frederick Harris Goffp. 121
Pierre Frist Goodrichp. 125
Rebecca Gratzp. 129
Guggenheim Familyp. 133
Henry Lee Higginsonp. 145
Ima Hoggp. 147
Herbert Clark Hooverp. 151
Samuel Gridley Howep. 155
Helen Maria (Fiske) Hunt Jacksonp. 160
Robert Keaynep. 164
Florence Kelleyp. 167
Will Keith Kelloggp. 171
Martin Luther King, Jr.p. 175
Sebastian S. Kresgep. 180
Eli Lillyp. 184
Juliette "Daisy" Gordon Lowp. 187
John Lowell, Jr.p. 191
Josephine Shaw Lowellp. 194
Mary Lyonp. 197
Cotton Matherp. 201
Oseola McCartyp. 204
Nettie Fowler McCormickp. 207
Mellon Familyp. 210
Jesse E. Moorlandp. 216
John Muirp. 220
John M. Olinp. 224
Owen Familyp. 228
David Packard and Lucile Packardp. 235
Frederick Douglass Pattersonp. 239
George Peabodyp. 242
Pew Familyp. 246
James Herman Robinsonp. 252
John D. Rockefeller, Sr.p. 256
Rockefeller Familyp. 260
Julius Rosenwaldp. 277
Benjamin Rushp. 280
Margaret Olivia Slocum (Mrs. Russell) Sagep. 285
Margaret Sangerp. 289
Elizabeth Ann Bayley Setonp. 294
James Smithsonp. 297
George Sorosp. 301
Leland Stanford and Jane Lathrop Stanfordp. 305
Henrietta Szoldp. 310
Arthur Tappan and Lewis Tappanp. 314
Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumfordp. 319
Joseph Tuckermanp. 323
Lillian D. Waldp. 326
Madam C.J. Walkerp. 330
Booker Taliaferro Washingtonp. 333
Ida B. Wells-Barnettp. 338
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitneyp. 341
Frances Elizabeth Caroline Willardp. 344
John Winthropp. 348
Appendix 1 A Timeline of American Philanthropyp. 353
Appendix 2 Videosp. 361
Appendix 3 Children's Booksp. 365
Indexp. 369