Cover image for The great popes through history : an encyclopedia
The great popes through history : an encyclopedia
Coppa, Frank J.
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 2002.
Physical Description:
2 volumes (xvii, 593 pages) : illustrations ; 27cm
V.1. PART I: THE EARLY PAPACY: Introduction / Gerard H. Ettinger -- Peter (d.c. 64 A.D.) / Jean-Pierre Ruiz -- Clement I (c. 91-c. 101) / Margaret A. Schatkin -- Callistus I (217-22) / Michael Slusser -- Damasus I (366-84) / Louis J. Swift -- Celestine I (422-32) -- Leo I (440-61) / Philip A. McShane -- Pelagius I (556-61) / Robert B. Eno -- PART II: THE MEDIEVAL PAPACY: Introduction / Glenn W. Olson -- Gregory I, "the Great" (590-604) -- Gregory VII (1073-85) / Uta-Renate Blumenthal -- Urban II (1088-90) / Robert Somerville -- Alexander III (1159-81) / Kenneth Pennington -- Innocent III (1198-1216) / James M. Powell -- Gregory IX (1227-41) / Robert C. Figueira -- Innocent IV (1243-54) / Thomas F. Madden -- Boniface VIII (1294-1303): able administrator, imprudent politician / Richard Kay -- PART III: THE RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION PAPACY: Introduction / Margery A. Ganz -- John XXII (1316-34) / Carol Lansing -- Gregory XI (1370-78) / Laura De Angelis -- Martin V (1417-31) / Alison Williams Levin -- Eugenius IV (1431-47) / Jacqueline A. Gutwirth -- Nicholas V (1447-55) / James R. Banker -- Pius II (1458-64) / Edward D. English -- Sixtus IV (1471-84) : the first modern Pope-monarch / Lorenz Boninger -- Jullius II (1503-13) / Nelson H. Minnich -- Leo X (1513-21) / Carol Bresnahan Menning -- Clement VII (1523-34) / Kenneth Gouwens -- Paul III / William V. Hudon -- V.2. PART IV: THE EARLY MODERN PAPACY: Introduction / Willliam V. Hudon -- Pius V (1566-72) / Sergio Pagano -- Gregory XIII (1572-85) : father of the nations / Frederick J. McGinness -- Sixtus V (1585-90): the plebian papal prince / Carla Penuti -- Clement VIII (1592-1605) / Kathleen M. Comerford -- Paul V (1605-21) / William V. Hadon -- Urban VIII (1623-44) : the Barberini Era / Richard J. Blackwell -- Innocent XI (1676-89); defender of Christendom / Francesco C. Cesareo -- Innocent XII (1691-1700) / Brendan Dooley -- Benedict XIV (1740-58): "Third-Party" Pope / John B. Guarino -- Clement XIII (1758-69) / Hanns Gross -- PART V: THE MODERN PAPACY: Introduction / Frank J. Coppa -- Pius VII (1800-1823) / Alan J. Reinerman -- Pius IX (1846-78): the last "Pope-King" / Frank J. Coppa -- Leo XIII (1878-1903): the working man's pope / Emiliana P. Noether -- Pius X (1903-1914) : the pope of the Curia / William Roberts -- Benedict XV (1914-22): pope of peace -- Pius XI (1922-1939) : the kingship of Christ in the Twentieth Century / Peter C. Kent -- Pius XII (1939-58) : controversial "Pope of Peace" / Charles F. Delzell -- John XXIII (1958-63) : the father of the Second Vatican Council / Patrick Granfield -- Paul VI (1963-78) : Catholicism's bridge to the modern world / Richard J. Wolff -- John Paul II (1978- ) / Roy P. Domenico.
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Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
BX955.3 .G74 2002 V.1 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Non circulating
BX955.3 .G74 2002 V.2 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Non circulating

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Concentrating on the most important popes, this work provides an overview of one of the oldest and most influential institutions in the world. Notable popes are analyzed in comprehensive entries divided into five historical sections:

- Early

- Medieval

- Renaissance and Reformation

- Early Modern

- Modern

Section introductions place the popes in historical perspective and include general bibliographic references for the entire age. Individual essays provide specific bibliographic references. Unlike multivolume references that cover all of the popes, this source focuses exclusively on popes who played crucial roles not only in the institution of the papacy itself, but also in European and world events. Beginning with Peter and ending with John Paul II, the contributors to this volume offer a wealth of information. They provide insight into the institution of the papacy and its outstanding members. Combining fact, explanation, and analysis, the essays provide readers with a detailed understanding of the ways in which the papacy, and these individuals, have influenced world events throughout the centuries.

Author Notes

FRANK J. COPPA is Professor of History, Director of the Doctoral Program in Modern World History, and Chair of the Vatican Symposium at St. John's University. He has published over a dozen volumes on Papal and Italian History. Among his monographs are biographies of Giovanni Giolitti, Pope Pius IX, Camillo di Cavour and Cardinal Ciacomo Antonelli. He is also the author of The Origins of the Italian Wars of Independence (1992), and the editor of Dictionary of Modern Italian History (Greenwood, 1985), Encyclopedia of the Vatican and Papacy (Greenwood, 1999), and Modern Italian History (Greenwood, 1990), among others.

Reviews 3

Booklist Review

The Great Popes through History is a thoroughly researched set providing biographical material on 46 selected popes as well as a substantial bibliography. The entire 2000-year history of the papacy is divided into five eras: early, medieval, Renaissance and Reformation, early modern, and modern. Each historical section is edited by an eminently qualified scholar who introduces his or her period with an overview that addresses the political and religious milieu influencing the papacy in general and the representative popes specifically. The individual entries, about nine per section, are written by an international group of specialists representing various disciplines and institutional affiliations. The sections close with extensive bibliographic notes. Entries average about eight pages in length, and each includes an illustration and a bibliography. The selection of popes resulted from a rigorous consultation process based on their contributions to church and society. A short list of names includes St. Peter, St. Leo the Great, St. Gregory I, Innocent III, Pius IX, and John Paul II. A chronology of all popes and an index add much to this work. The Great Popes through History complements Routledge's The Papacy: An Encyclopedia (2002), which covers every pope through history as well as various related topics. Libraries supporting a strong interest or aiming for comprehensive coverage will want to add it to their collections. It might also be considered by academic and public libraries that want something on the topic but don't need Routledge's exhaustive treatment. Another choice for smaller collections is Encyclopedia of the Vatican and Papacy (Greenwood, 1999), also edited by Coppa. -- RBB Copyright 2003 Booklist

Library Journal Review

If one were to count Peter (who was not actually a bishop) and the bishops of Rome of the first three centuries (who did not exercise primacy), the number of popes is generally given as 265. For this encyclopedia of "great popes," general editor Coppa (St. John's Univ.) and his associate editors have solicited and assembled essays on 46 popes whom they consider the most important and the most interesting. These popes were selected from five broad periods, which form the basis of five sections of the encyclopedia: the early church, the medieval period, the Renaissance and Reformation, early modern times, and the modern era. Each section is introduced with basic historical information and bibliographic information, followed by individual biocritical essays on each pope, written by specialists in the area and ranging from about five to 16 pages in length. Contributors include historians, theologians, philosophers, and classicists. While quite scholarly and ideal for libraries in which serious study of the papacy is undertaken, this would be an expensive purchase for most libraries. Less expensive texts that often achieve this encyclopedia's purposes include John Jay Hughes's shorter but excellent Pontiffs, which has the same organizing concept, and J.N.D. Kelly's more general Oxford Dictionary of the Popes. Recommended only for the most extensive religion collections.-David I. Fulton, Coll. of St. Elizabeth, Morristown, NJ (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Choice Review

Most guides to the popes attempt to cover every one. Coppa and his contributors have tried to select those "great" enough to require separate treatment. They have created a collection of essays grouped by period: early, medieval, Renaissance and Reformation, early modern, and modern. Each section has a general introduction and a bibliographic note; each entry has its own bibliography. Coppa's introduction does not set out the criteria for selecting popes, but his overview of the modern papacy stresses involvements in both the church and the world. Most of the popes included are strong choices, but one may doubt inclusion of Gregory XI (1370-78). One can complain, however, about names omitted, Nicholas I (858-867), Leo IX (1049-1054), and Gregory X (1271-1276) among them. Coppa has enlisted many fine scholars as contributors, and his own contributions are among the best. A few errors can be found, but the overall quality of the articles is good. The weakest spots are the introductions to sections, which try to crowd too much into too little space. Coppa provides both a chronological list of all the popes and an alphabetical index. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. Research libraries and collections with strong religious interests. T. M. Izbicki Johns Hopkins University

Table of Contents

The Early Papacy
IntroductionGerard H. Ettlinger Peter (d. c. 64 A.D.) and Jean-Pierre M. Ruiz and Clement I (c. 91-101) and Margaret A. Schatkin Callistus I (217-222) and Michael S. Slusser Damasus (366-384) and Louis J. Swift Celestine I (422-432) and Joseph F. Kelly Leo I (440-461) and Philip A. McShane Pelagius I (556-561) and Robert B. Eno (d. 1997)
The Medieval Papacy
IntroductionGlenn Olsen Gregory I (590-604) and Carole E. Straw and Gregory VII (1073-1085) and Uta-Renate Blumenthal Urban II (1088-1099) and Robert Somerville Alexander III (1159-1181) and Kenneth Pennington Innocent III (1198-1216) and James M. Powell Gregory IX (1227-1241) and Robert C. Figueira Innocent IV (1243-1254) and Thomas F. Madden Boniface VIII (1294-1303) and Richard Kay
The Renaissance and Reformation Papacy IntroductionMargery A. Ganz John XXII (1316-1334) and Carol Lansing Gregory XI (1370-1378) and Laura de Angelis Martin V (1417-1431) and Alison Williams Lewin Eugenius IV (1431-1447) and Jacqueline Gutwirth Nicholas V (1447-1455) and James R. Banker Pius II (1458-1464) and Edward D. English Sixtus (1471-1484) and Lorenz Boninger Julius II (1503-1513) and Nelson Minnich Leo X (1513-1521) and Carol Bresnahan Menning Clement VII (1523-1534) and Kenneth Gouwens Paul III (1534-1539) and William V. Hudon
The Early Modern Papacy
IntroductionWilliam V. Hudon and Pius V (1566-1572) and Sergio Pagano Gregory XIII (1572-1585) and Frederick J. McGinness Sixtus V (1585-1590) and Carla Penuti Clement VIII (1592-1605) and Kathleen M. Comerford Paul V (1605-1621) and William V. Hudon Urban VIII (1623-1644) and Richard J. Blackwell Innocent XI (1676-1689) and Francesco C. Cesareo Innovent XII (1691-1700) and Brendan Dooley Benedict XIV (1740-1758) and John P. Guarino Clement XIII (1758-1769) and Hanns Gross The Modern Papacy Introduction and Frank J. Coppa Pius VII (1800-1823) and Alan J. Reinerman Pius IX (1846-1878) and Frank J. Coppa Leo XIII (1878-1903) and Emiliana P. Noether Pius X (1903-1914) and William Roberts Benedict XV (1914-1922) and Joseph A. Biesinger Pius XI (1922-1939) and Peter C. Kent Pius XII (1939-1958) and Charles Delzell John XXIII (1958-1963) and Patrick Granfield Paul VI (1963-1978) and Richard Wolff John Paul II (1978- ) and Roy Domenico