Cover image for Encyclopedia of modern ethnic conflicts
Title:
Encyclopedia of modern ethnic conflicts
Author:
Rudolph, Joseph R. (Joseph Russell), 1942-
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, [2003]

©2003
Physical Description:
xxvi, 375 pages : illustrations, maps ; 27 cm
Language:
English
Reading Level:
1480 Lexile.
ISBN:
9780313313813
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Each of 38 ethnic conflicts is presented with a timeline and extensive essay covering the conflict's details, historical background, management, and significance. This book is the perfect starting point for students and general readers seeking information about the complex and often violent forces that have changed--and continue to change--the world's political landscape.


Author Notes

JOSEPH R. RUDOLPH JR. is Professor of Political Science at Towson University. He is the editor of Ethnoterritorial Politics, Policy, and the Western World among other titles.


Reviews 3

Booklist Review

The Encyclopedia of Modern Ethnic Conflicts consists of 38 articles focusing on specific ethnic conflicts around the world. The articles are substantial, covering the historical background of the conflict's characteristics, management, and significance and including a chronology, cross-references, and a bibliography. Examples include "Central Europe: The Romany, a Stateless Minority in a World of States"; "United Kingdom: Scotland and Scottish Nationalism"; and "Western Sahara: Ethnic Conflict and the Twentieth Century's Last Colonial War." Arrangement is alphabetical based on country or geographic area. An appendix lists the volume's contents by region, and an extensive index gives good access. Averaging about 10 pages in length, the articles provide excellent, in-depth treatment of each conflict. The limited number of articles means that the coverage is highly selective, but the editor did a good job of choosing conflicts that are prominent in the news and likely to be of interest to library patrons. Selective detailed coverage combined with a global reach set this source apart from related reference tools. Other sources with a global scope, such as Ethnic Relations: A Cross-Cultural Encyclopedia (2d ed., ABC-CLIO, 1998), have shorter entries on a wider variety of topics. Sources such as Racial and Ethnic Relations in America (Salem, 2000) focus on particular geographic areas. Even for collections with other sources on ethnic conflicts, Encyclopedia of Modern Ethnic Conflicts will be a useful addition and is recommended for academic and public libraries. -- RBB Copyright 2003 Booklist


School Library Journal Review

Gr 10 Up-Signed essays explore the history and issues that were the root causes of 38 major ethnic conflicts, the attempts to "manage" them, and the impact they have had on the politics of the region in question. An introductory chapter presents the criteria used for inclusion of the case studies. Organized alphabetically by country or geographic area, the entries include a time line of significant events in the region, followed by a general discussion of the area. The volume opens with five regional maps with legends that indicate the geographic location of each of the case studies. The volume is sparsely illustrated, with most of the essays including a small, black-and-white photograph. The typeface is large, giving the pages a clean and readable appearance. Students will find this volume to be a useful tool in understanding the history and causes behind some of the major events in today's world.-Linda Greengrass, Bank Street College Library, New York City (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Choice Review

Covering 38 conflicts based on duration and level of violence and illustrating "variety and geographical scope," this subject encyclopedia concentrates on national ethnic strife that arose during the second half of the 20th century. The entries (nearly all 3,500-4,000 words) are arranged alphabetically but in loose country/regional format--e.g., Central Europe, China, Middle East, Nigeria---and supply a brief time line, a narrative describing the historical background of each conflict, a section on "significance," footnotes, and a list of suggested readings. The typeface is easily read and the volume is illustrated with black-and-white photographs. Unfortunately, the meager index omits some ethnic groups. Like many works of collective authorship, the quality of the essays varies widely. The essays on the Sudan and Lebanon and on lesser-known conflicts including Chechnya and the Basques in Spain are especially useful. The expertise of some authors enhances the volume's reference value, but the book is marred by some polemical essays with biased chronologies and bibliographies--inexcusable in a reference work. Furthermore, the volume omits Central America, most of South America, and significant, little-publicized conflicts between Arabs and black Africans in Mauritania and Chad. Christopher Hewitt and Tom Cheetham's Encyclopedia of Modern Separatist Movements (CH, Oct. 2000) covers almost all these conflicts, although its entries are briefer. ^BSumming Up: Optional. General readers. D. Altschiller Boston University


Table of Contents

David W. DentMartin SmithSaul NewmanJoseph R. Rudolph, Jr.Katherine Palmer KaupJoseph R. Rudolph, Jr.Joseph R. Rudolph, Jr.Sue Ellen CharltonJoseph R. Rudolph, Jr.John S. BendixMaya ChaddaStephen ZunesMarie-Joelle ZaharAmy L. FreedmanRichard Stahler-SholkJames A. ReillyMichael M. GunterDeborah J. GernerJames S. WunschStephen D. WrageRobert Bruce WareStuart J. KaufmanStuart J. KaufmanRoland VazquezJoseph R. Rudolph, Jr.Ann Mosely LeschAnthony Mark MessinaSean P. DuffySean P. DuffyRobert J. ThompsonTerrence C. CaseyJoseph R. Rudolph, Jr.James N. UptonKevin J. MumfordLynn-Darrell BenderStephen ZunesJohn C. ScharfenJoseph R. Rudolph, Jr.
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Mapsp. xiii
Introductionp. xix
Bolivia: Ethnicized Peasant Conflictp. 1
Burma: The Karen Conflictp. 9
Canada: The Nationalist Movement in Quebecp. 27
Central Europe: The Romany, a Stateless Minority in a World of Statesp. 37
China: Ethnic Conflict in the World's Largest Multinational Statep. 47
Cyprus: Communal Conflict and the International Systemp. 55
Czechoslovakia: The Peaceful Breakup of a Statep. 61
France: Ethnic Conflict and the Problem of Corsicap. 69
France: The "Foreigner" Issuep. 77
Germany: The Foreign Worker Issuep. 85
India: Ethnic Conflict and Nation-building in a Multiethnic Statep. 93
Indonesia: The Struggle to Control East Timorp. 101
Lebanon: Ethnic Conflict and the Lebanese Civil War, 1975-1990p. 109
Malaysia: The Malay-Chinese Conflictp. 119
Mexico: The Zapatista Rebellion in Chiapasp. 127
Middle East: The Arab-Jewish Struggle for Palestine to 1948p. 137
Middle East: The Kurds Struggle for "Kurdistan"p. 151
Middle East: The Palestinian Issuep. 161
Nigeria: Ethnic Conflict in Multinational West Africap. 169
Rwanda: Hutu-Tutsi Conflict and Genocide in Central Africap. 183
Soviet Union: The Conflict in Chechnyap. 191
Soviet Union: The Ethnic Conflicts in Georgiap. 199
Soviet Union: The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflictp. 207
Spain: Basque Nationalism and Conflict in Democratic Spainp. 215
Sri Lanka: Tamil-Sinhalese Conflict in India's Backyardp. 225
Sudan: Ethnic Conflict in the Sudanp. 235
United Kingdom: The Making of British Race Relationsp. 243
United Kingdom: The Irish Question and the Partition of Irelandp. 251
United Kingdom: The Conflict in Ulsterp. 259
United Kingdom: Scotland and Scottish Nationalismp. 269
United Kingdom: The Decline and Revival of Welsh Nationalismp. 277
United States: The Struggle for Survival and Equality of the First Americansp. 287
United States: Racial Violence in the United States: 1900-1919p. 299
United States: Race and the Civil Rights Struggle in Post-World War II Americap. 309
United States: The United States-Puerto Rico Relationshipp. 319
Western Sahara: Ethnic Conflict and the Twentieth Century's Last Colonial Warp. 329
Yugoslavia: Ethnic Conflict and the Meltdown in Kosovop. 337
Yugoslavia: The Deconstruction of a State and Birth of Bosniap. 349
Appendix Contents by Regionp. 359
Indexp. 361
About the Contributorsp. 373