Cover image for Mary Magdalene, the first apostle : the struggle for authority
Title:
Mary Magdalene, the first apostle : the struggle for authority
Author:
Brock, Ann Graham, 1956- Rev.
Publication Information:
Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard Theological Studies, Harvard Divinity School : Distributed by Harvard University Press, [2003]

©2003
Physical Description:
xviii, 235 pages ; 22 cm.
General Note:
"Distributed by Harvard University Press for Harvard Theological Studies."
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780674009660
Format :
Book

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BS2485 .B73 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

Why did some early Christians consider Mary Magdalene to be an apostle while others did not? Some Christian texts, underlining her role as one of the very first witnesses to the resurrection, portray Mary Magdalene as the apostle to the apostles, while other sources exclude or replace her in their resurrection accounts. This book examines how the conferral, or withholding, or apostolic status operated as a tool of persuasion in the politics of early Christian literature. Drawing on both canonical and noncanonical literature in her comprehensive sd


Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Chapter 1 The Issue of Apostolic Authority Etymology of the Term "Apostle" Qualifications for Apostleship The Role of Resurrection Witness Narratives Summary
Chapter 2 Apostolic Authority in the Gospel of Luke Lukan Supplementation of Traditions about Peter Lukan Omission of Traditions about Peter Lukan Modification of Traditions about Peter The Most Significant Supplementary Tradition in Luke (24:33-34) The Portrayal of Mary Magdalene in the Gospel of Luke The Portrayal of Other Female Disciples in the Gospel of Luke Summary
Chapter 3 Apostolic Authority in the Gospel of John The Portrayal of Peter John 21: The Reinstatement of Peter The Portrayal of the Beloved Disciple The Portrayal of Mary Magdalene and Other Female Leadership Summary
Chapter 4 Portrayals of Apostolic Witness: The Gospels of Mark and Matthew versus the Gospel of Peter Mary and Peter in the Gospels of Mark and Matthew Portrayals of Peter and Mary in the Gospel of Peter Summary
Chapter 5 Competition between Peter and Mary Magdalene in Other Texts Portrayals of Peter and Mary in the Gospel of Thomas Portrayals of Mary and Peter in the Gospel of Mary Portrayals of Mary and Peter in Pistis Sophia 1-3 and Pistis Sophia 4 Identification of Mary Magdalene in the Gospel of Philip Identification of Mary Magdalene in Pistis Sophia 1-3 Portrayal of Mary in the Dialogue of the Savior Portrayal of Mary in Sophia of Jesus Christ Summary
Chapter 6 Advocacy of Authority and Women's Leadership: The Acts of Paul versus the Acts of Peter Interactions with Characters in the Acts of Paul Peter's Interactions with Characters in the Acts of Peter Paul's Interactions with Characters in the Acts of Peter Conformity to Familial and Social Responsibilities Ecclesiastical Organization Summary
Chapter 7 The Replacement of Mary Magdalene: A Strategy for Eliminating the Competition
The Greek Acts of Philip: The Role of Mary
The Coptic Version of the Acts of Philip: The Role of Peter Conflict between Mary Magdalene and Peter Replacement of Mary Magdalene in Acta Thaddaei and in Syriac Texts Replacement of Mary Magdalene in Theodoret Replacement of Mary Magdalene in Coptic Texts Revillout Fragment 14 Book of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ by Bartholomew the Apostle Cooptation of Mary the Mother in the Questions of Bartholomew Summary
Chapter 8 Apostolic Contradictions and the Crisis of Authority Apostles in the New Testament Differences in Apostolic Authority between Pauline Texts and the Acts of the Apostles Priority and Authoritative Implications
Chapter 9 Conclusion: Recovering Lost Apostolic Traditions Implicit Challenges to Apostolic Authority Diminishing Mary?s Status as a Witness Diminishing Mary's Presence as a Witness Diminishing Mary?s Status as a Role Model Diminishing Mary's Status as an Apostle Explicit Challenges to Apostolic Authority Recovering Apostolic Status
Bibliography
Index of Modern Authors
Index of Ancient Sources
Index of Subjects