Cover image for The system in black and white : exploring the connections between race, crime, and justice
The system in black and white : exploring the connections between race, crime, and justice
Markowitz, Michael W., 1959-
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Praeger, [2000]

Physical Description:
xv, 294 pages ; 24 cm
Theoretical explanations of the nexus between race and crime / Michael W. Markowitz -- The alchemy of race and crime research / Paul Knepper -- Deconstructing the association of race and crime: the salience of skin color / Becky L. Tatum -- The empirical status of the Black-subculture-of-violence thesis / Liqun Cao, Anthony Troy Adams, and Vickie J. Jensen -- Determinants of Black-to-white arrest differentials: a review of the literature / Steven R. Cureton -- Understanding the connections between race and police violence / Helen Taylor Greene -- The King-Denney tapes: their analysis and implications for police use of force training / H. Bruce Pierce -- The self-fulfilling prophecy of police profiles / Scott L. Johnson -- Conceptual incarceration: a Thirteenth-Amendment look at African Americans and policing / Ramona Brockett -- Black and white perceptions of the appropriateness of police conduct / Daniel Kolodziejski ... [et al.] -- Race as a legal construct: the implications for American justice / Delores D. Jones-Brown -- The impact of racial demography on jury verdicts in routine adjudication / James P. Levine -- Race and ethnic bias in sentencing decisions: a review and critique of the literature / Darren E. Warner -- Media images and the victimization of Black women: exploring the impact of sexual stereotyping on prosecutorial decision making / Norma Manatu-Rupert -- The significance of race in the use of restitution / Evelyn Gilbert -- Diversity in a jail work setting: evaluating the impact of racial intolerance / Annette M. Girondi and Michael W. Markowitz -- Overrepresentation of minority youth in the juvenile justice system: discrimination or disproportionality of delinquent acts? / Janice Joseph -- Substance abuse and race in a delinquent population / Philip W. Harris, Peter R. Jones, and Jamie J. Fader -- Prisons as "safe havens" for African-American women / Zelma Weston-Henriques and Delores D. Jones-Brown.
Reading Level:
1440 Lexile.
Format :


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HV6197.U5 S97 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



In a collection of compelling contributions to the study of the nexus between race, crime, and justice, noted scholars in the field critique many long-held assumptions and myths about race, challenging criminal justice policymakers to develop new and effective strategies for dealing with the social problems such misunderstandings create. In sections devoted to criminological theory, law enforcement, courts and the law, juvenile delinquency, and gender, contributors endeavor to dispel myths about African-American involvement in the criminal justice system. In so doing, a number of important facts are established about the race/crime nexus. For example, in an analysis of criminological theory, it is concluded that race, as a singular social factor, has not been adequately represented in existing paradigms. The subject of police profiling of African-Americans reveals an evolution of court decisions that have marginalized, rather than liberated, African-Americans since slavery. Each contributor challenges both the reader and the criminal justice system to develop meaningful strategies for addressing the racism that still pervades our system of justice.

A chapter on women of color in prison makes a compelling argument that such institutions often represent safer environments than the life on the streets women leave behind. This persuasive volume will be of interest to undergraduate and graduate students as well as faculty in Sociology, Criminal Justice, policy development, African-American and Women's Studies.

Author Notes

Anthony Troy Adams is Associate Professor of Sociology at Eastern Michigan University
Ramona Brockett is Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio
Liqun Cao is Associate Professor of Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology at Eastern Michigan University
Steven R. Cureton is Assistant Professor at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro
Jamie J. Fader is Research Associate at the Crime and Justice Research Institute in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Evelyn Gilbert is a criminologist whose research interests include criminal justice education, minorities and criminal justice, elderly homicide, and the military justice system
Annette M. Girondi is a member of the psychology faculty at Widener University in Chester, Pennsylvania
Helen Taylor Greene is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice at Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia
Philip W. Harris is Associate Professor of Criminal Justice in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Vickie J. Jensen is Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology, California State University-Northridge
Scott L. Johnson is Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice at Buffalo State College in Buffalo, New York
Peter R. Jones is Associate Professor of Criminal Justice at Temple University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Delores D. Jones-Brown is Assistant Professor in the department of Law, Police Science, and Criminal Justice Administration at John Jay College, City University of New York
Janice Joseph is a member of the faculty at Richard Stockton College in Pomona, New Jersey
Paul Knepper is Associate Professor, East Carolina University School of Social Work
Daniel Kolodziejski is a 1998 criminal justice graduate of Widener University in Chester, Pennsylvania
James P. Levine is Executive Officer of the Doctoral Program in Criminal Justice of the City University of New York and Professor of Government at John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Norma Manatu-Rupert is Assistant Professor of Speech, Communication and Media Studies at John Jay College of Criminal Justice (CUNY)
Michael W. Markowitz is Associate Professor and Coordinator of Criminal Justice at Widener University in Chester, Pennsylvania
H. Bruce Pierce is Associate Professor of Criminal Justice at North Carolina Central University
John Stilwell is a 1998 criminal justice graduate of Widener University in Chester, pennsylvania
Becky L. Tatum is Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice at Southern University at New Orleans
Kimberly Torchiana is a 1998 criminal justice graduate of Widener University in Chester, Pennsylvania
Darren E. Warner currently serves as Research Associate for the Michigan Public Health Institute, coordinating community health improvement research and evaluation projects. He also teaches at Lansing Community College in Lansing, Michigan
Zelma Weston-Henriques is Professor in the Department of Law, Police Science, and Criminal Justice Administration at John Jay College, City University of New York

Table of Contents

Michael W. MarkowitzPaul KnepperBecky L. TatumLiqun Cao and Anthony Troy Adams and Vickie J. JensenSteven R. CuretonHelen Taylor GreeneH. Bruce PierceScott L. JohnsonRamona BrockettDaniel Kolodziejski and John Stilwell and Kimberly Torchiana and Michael W. MarkowitzDelores D. Jones-BrownJames P. LevineDarren E. WarnerNorma Manatu-RupertEvelyn GilbertAnnette M. Girondi and Michael W. MarkowitzJanice JosephPhilip W. Harris and Peter R. Jones and Jamie J. FaderZelma Weston-Henriques and Delores D. Jones-Brown
Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Part I Race and the Study of Crimep. 1
Chapter 1 Theoretical Explanations of the Nexus between Race and Crimep. 3
Chapter 2 The Alchemy of Race and Crime Researchp. 15
Chapter 3 Deconstructing the Association of Race and Crime: The Salience of Skin Colorp. 31
Chapter 4 The Empirical Status of the Black-Subculture-of-Violence Thesisp. 47
Part II Policing, Race, and Justicep. 63
Chapter 5 Determinants of Black-to-White Arrest Differentials: A Review of the Literaturep. 65
Chapter 6 Understanding the Connections between Race and Police Violencep. 73
Chapter 7 The King-Denney Tapes: Their Analysis and Implications for Police Use of Force Trainingp. 85
Chapter 8 The Self-Fulfilling Prophecy of Police Profilesp. 93
Chapter 9 Conceptual Incarceration: A Thirteenth-Amendment Look at African Americans and Policingp. 109
Chapter 10 Black and White Perceptions of the Appropriateness of Police Conductp. 125
Part III Race, Courts, and the Lawp. 135
Chapter 11 Race as a Legal Construct: The Implications for American Justicep. 137
Chapter 12 The Impact of Racial Demography on Jury Verdicts in Routine Adjudicationp. 153
Chapter 13 Race and Ethnic Bias in Sentencing Decisions: A Review and Critique of the Literaturep. 171
Chapter 14 Media Images and the Victimization of Black Women: Exploring the Impact of Sexual Stereotyping on Prosecutorial Decision Makingp. 181
Part IV Racial Dimensions of Punishment and Delinquencyp. 197
Chapter 15 The Significance of Race in the Use of Restitutionp. 199
Chapter 16 Diversity in a Jail Work Setting: Evaluating the Impact of Racial Intolerancep. 213
Chapter 17 Overrepresentation of Minority Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: Discrimination or Disproportionality of Delinquent Acts?p. 227
Chapter 18 Substance Abuse and Race in a Delinquent Populationp. 241
Chapter 19 Prisons as "Safe Havens" for African-American Womenp. 267
Indexp. 275
About the Editors and Contributorsp. 291