Cover image for Church-state relations
Church-state relations
Lee, Francis Graham.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 2002.
Physical Description:
xxxi, 416 pages ; 25 cm.
The religious liberty guarantees of the First Amendment -- The Blaine Amendment -- The court defines free exercise: the Mormon cases -- The incorporation and definition of the religious liberty guarantees of the First Amendment -- The flag salute cases -- The court in search of a test for free exercise: the rise and fall of the secular regulation rule -- The court in search of a test for free exercise: "the more things change, the more they stay the same" -- Congress and free exercise: The Religious Freedom Restoration Act -- Released time meets "a high and impregnable wall" -- The bible reading controversy and the Supreme Court -- Prayer in public schools: again! -- The Lemon test: the three-pronged establishment test -- School vouchers: truly the last installment in the school aid melodrama? -- Religion in the public square.
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KF4865 .L44 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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The relationship between church and state has been one of controversy since the founding of the republic. From the drafting of the religious liberty guarantees in the Constitution to the current debate over what role religion should play in the public life of the nation, the controversy continues unabated. This resource offers students an examination of 14 persistent church-state issues from the founding of the republic to the early years of the 21st century. The examination of each issue features a narrative overview of the issue and a selection of primary documents espousing a variety of viewpoints on the issue. Documents include Supreme Court decisions, federal laws, speeches, newspaper editorials, and other statements of opposing positions. Issues covered include prayer in the schools, flag salute cases, the free exercise of religion, and school vouchers.

The work pays particular attention to the way in which Supreme Court decisions over the last two centuries have affected religious liberty. A full narrative overview of the issue and careful annotation of each document will help the reader to place the argument in historical, social, and political context. This is a valuable tool for student research on the controversial issues involved in the relationship between church and state.

Author Notes

FRANCIS GRAHAM LEE is Professor of Political Science at Saint Joseph's University, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Reviews 2

Booklist Review

This addition to the Major Issues in American History series ties together narrative overviews and selected primary documents on topics such as flag salutes and school vouchers.

Choice Review

This is one of a series of books on major issues in US history. After the usual series introduction, preface, author's note, and introduction, the book provides a chronology of events in American church-state relations, beginning with the Puritan emigration in 1629 and ending with the candidacy of Senator Joseph Lieberman for vice president in 2000. Each of the 14 chapters addresses a selected issue. The chapters begin with a background essay followed by edited documents relevant to the topic. The first chapter focuses on the passage of the free exercise and establishment clauses of the First Amendment to the US Constitution. The final chapter deals with the tension between ceremonial deism and the establishment clause. The intermediate chapters treat issues such as the polygamy case, flag salute cases, changes in free exercise interpretation, the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, and school prayer. The chapter on school vouchers was finalized before the recent Supreme Court decision approving their use, but it anticipates the Court's approval. This volume is best suited for students at the high school or community college level. C. Barner-Barry University of Maryland Baltimore County

Table of Contents

Randall M. Miller
Series Forewordp. ix
Prefacep. xiii
Author's Notep. xvii
Chronology of Eventsp. xix
Introductionp. 1
1. The Religious Liberty Guarantees of the First Amendmentp. 23
2. The Blaine Amendmentp. 47
3. The Court Defines Free Exercise: The Mormon Casesp. 65
4. The Incorporation and Definition of the Religious Liberty Guarantees of the First Amendmentp. 83
5. The Flag Salute Casesp. 117
6. The Court in Search of a Test for Free Exercise: The Rise and Fall of the Secular Regulation Rulep. 141
7. The Court in Search of a Test for Free Exercise: "The More Things Change, the More They Stay the Same"p. 159
8. Congress and Free Exercise: The Religious Freedom Restoration Actp. 185
9. Released Time Meets "A High and Impregnable Wall"p. 217
10. The Bible Reading Controversy and the Supreme Courtp. 255
11. Prayer in Public Schools: Again!p. 291
12. The Lemon Test: The Three-Pronged Establishment Testp. 325
13. School Vouchers: Truly the Last Installment in the School Aid Melodrama?p. 351
14. Religion in the Public Squarep. 381
Select Bibliographyp. 407
Indexp. 409