Cover image for A new introduction to bibliography
Title:
A new introduction to bibliography
Author:
Gaskell, Philip.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Winchester, UK : St. Paul's Bibliographies ; New Castle, Del. : Oak Knoll Press ; New York : Distributed in the USA by Lyons & Burford, 1995.

©1972
Physical Description:
438 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
General Note:
"First published by Oxford University Press in 1972; reprinted with corrections, 1995"--T.p. verso.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9781884718137

9781873040300
Format :
Book

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Z116.A2 G27 1995 REF. Adult Non-Fiction Grosvenor Room-Rare Books Reference
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Summary

Summary

In recent years there has been increasing interest in the textual problems of the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries. "The only really acceptable modern textbook on physical bibliography". -- The Library


Table of Contents

R. B. McKerrow
Introductionp. 1
The nature and purpose of bibliographyp. 1
The main periods of book productionp. 2
Book Production: The Hand-Press Period 1500-1800
The Hand-printed Bookp. 5
Printing Typep. 9
Manufacturep. 9
Type-sizes; and descriptionp. 12
Type facesp. 16
Gothic typep. 17
Roman and italic typep. 20
Greek typep. 30
Founts, cases, and type-stockp. 33
Compositionp. 40
Copyp. 40
Setting typep. 43
Page and galleyp. 49
Signaturesp. 51
Preliminaries, pagination, catchwords, etc.p. 52
Distributionp. 53
Outputp. 54
Paperp. 57
Manufacturep. 57
Paper in English printingp. 60
Moulds and watermarksp. 60
Sorts of paper: quality, weight, and sizep. 66
Tables of sizesp. 72
Descriptionp. 76
Impositionp. 78
Formesp. 78
Formatp. 80
Identification of formatp. 84
Imposition in practicep. 108
Stripping, and skeletonsp. 109
Proofs and correctionp. 110
Standing typep. 116
Pressworkp. 118
The wooden hand-pressp. 118
Preparing the paperp. 124
Inkp. 125
Making readyp. 126
Pulling and beatingp. 129
Printing the reiterationp. 131
Press figuresp. 133
Cancels, etc.p. 134
Special paperp. 136
Two colours; and musicp. 137
Outputp. 139
The Warehousep. 142
Paper stockp. 142
Drying the paperp. 143
Gathering the booksp. 143
Bindingp. 146
The binding tradep. 146
Binding techniquep. 147
Trade binding stylesp. 149
Decoration and Illustrationp. 154
Printed picturesp. 154
Relief blocksp. 154
Intaglio platesp. 156
Patterns of Productionp. 160
Variation of demandp. 160
Edition quantitiesp. 160
Productive capacityp. 163
Concurrent productionp. 164
Standardsp. 168
The English Book Trade to 1800p. 171
Europe and Englandp. 171
Printing personnelp. 171
Gild and chapelp. 174
Scale and finance; book pricesp. 175
Publishing and booksellingp. 179
Authorship, copyright, and censorshipp. 183
Book Production: The Machine-Press Period 1800-1950
Introductionp. 189
Survival and Changep. 191
The early-nineteenth-century book housep. 191
Compositionp. 191
Impositionp. 196
Iron hand-pressesp. 198
Platesp. 201
Stereotypep. 201
Electrotypep. 206
Type 1800-1875p. 207
Manufacture and tradep. 207
Designp. 209
Paper in the Machine-press Periodp. 214
Hand-made paper after 1800p. 214
Paper-making machineryp. 216
Machine-made papersp. 221
The nineteenth-century paper industryp. 228
Edition Bindingp. 231
Introductionp. 231
New proceduresp. 232
Binding machineryp. 235
Publishers' cloth in Britain and Americap. 238
Other styles of publishers' bindingp. 247
The twentieth centuryp. 249
Printing Machinesp. 251
Beginningsp. 251
Machines for book printingp. 253
Machine operationp. 258
Colour printingp. 261
Other printing machinesp. 262
Processes of Reproductionp. 266
Engravingsp. 266
Lithographyp. 267
Photographic processesp. 269
Identificationp. 272
Mechanical Composition, and Type 1875-1950p. 274
Cold-metal machinesp. 274
Hot-metal machinesp. 276
Type since 1875p. 283
Printing Practice in the Machine-press Periodp. 289
Personnelp. 289
Production routinesp. 292
The Book Trade in Britain and America since 1800p. 297
The structure of the tradep. 297
Forms in nineteenth-century publishingp. 300
Edition quantities and pricesp. 304
Copyright, national and internationalp. 307
Bibliographical Applicationsp. 311
Identificationp. 313
Edition, impression, issue, and statep. 313
Assessing the evidencep. 316
Facsimilesp. 320
Bibliographical Descriptionp. 321
Purpose and scopep. 321
Transcription and reproductionp. 322
Formulap. 328
Technical notesp. 333
Contentsp. 335
Other notesp. 335
Textual Bibliographyp. 336
Textual criticism and bibliographyp. 336
Copy-textp. 338
The transmission of the textp. 343
1. Compositionp. 343
2. Proof-correctionp. 351
3. Later stages of productionp. 354
The treatment of accidentalsp. 358
Appendixes
A. A Note on Elizabethan Handwritingp. 361
B. Four Specimen Bibliographical Descriptionsp. 368
C. The Transmission of the Text: Two Examplesp. 381
1. Compositor B and The merchant of Venicep. 381
2. The textual history of David Copperfieldp. 384
Reference Bibliographyp. 392
I. Generalp. 392
II. Periodicalsp. 393
III. Book Production: The Hand-press Periodp. 393
1. Hand-printing technologyp. 393
a. Generalp. 393
b. Composition, imposition, correctionp. 394
c. Pressworkp. 395
d. Patterns of productionp. 396
2. Typep. 396
3. Paperp. 397
4. Bindingp. 398
5. Decoration and illustrationp. 399
6. The Book Trade to 1800p. 399
a. Generalp. 399
b. Personnelp. 400
c. Business organizationp. 401
d. Publishing and booksellingp. 401
e. Authorship, copyright, and censorshipp. 402
IV. Book Production: The Machine-press Periodp. 402
1. Generalp. 402
2. Survival and changep. 403
a. Hand compositionp. 403
b. Iron hand-pressesp. 403
3. Platesp. 404
4. Typep. 404
a. 1800-1875p. 404
b. Since 1875p. 405
5. Paperp. 405
6. Bindingp. 406
7. Printing machinesp. 407
8. Processes of reproductionp. 408
9. Mechanical compositionp. 408
10. Printing-house organizationp. 409
11. The book trade in Britain and America since 1800p. 410
V. Bibliographical applicationsp. 411
1. Generalp. 411
2. Identification and descriptionp. 412
3. Textual bibliographyp. 413
Indexp. 414