Cover image for Pioneers of Islamic revival
Title:
Pioneers of Islamic revival
Author:
Rāhnamā, ʻAlī.
Publication Information:
London ; Atlantic Highlands, N.J. : Zed Books, 1994.
Physical Description:
viii, 279 pages ; 23 cm.
Language:
English
Contents:
Sayyid Jamal al-Din 'al Afghani' / Nikki R Keddie -- Muhammad Abduh : pioneer of Islamic reform / Yvonne Haddad -- Khomeini's search for perfection : theory and reality / Baqer Moin -- Mawdudi and Jama'at-i Islami : origins, theory and practice of Islamic revivalism / Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr -- Hasan al-Banna (1906-1949) / David Commins -- Sayyid Qutb: political vision / Charles Tripp -- Musa al-Sadr / Augustus Richard Norton -- Ali Shariati : teacher, preacher, rebel / Ali Rahnema -- Muhammad Baqer as-Sadr / Chibli Mallat
Subject Term:
Added Author:
ISBN:
9781856492539

9781856492546
Format :
Book

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Material Type
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Status
Central Library BP60 .P56 1994 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

This is an examination of the political environment, life and works of the 19th- and 20th-century thinkers who believed that Islam was capable of providing practical solutions to the problems of the modern world. The book provides an account of their contribution to contemporary revolutionary Islam and to political developments in countries from Morocco to Indonesia. The writings and political activity of al-Afghani, Abduh, Khomeini, Mawdudi, Hasan al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb, Musa al-Sadr, Ali Shariati and Muhammad Baqer As-Sadr are considered, explaining the roots of movements as diverse as the Muslim Brotherhood, the Jama't-i-Islami, the radical Iranian clergy and the militant Shi'i of Lebanon. The book provides an introduction to the complexity and variety of Islamic social thought, dispelling notions of a homogenous Islamic revival and revealing the motivations of the thinkers who have reshaped the political vocabulary of Islam.


Summary

This is an examination of the political environment, life and works of the 19th- and 20th-century thinkers who believed that Islam was capable of providing practical solutions to the problems of the modern world. The book provides an account of their contribution to contemporary revolutionary Islam and to political developments in countries from Morocco to Indonesia. The writings and political activity of al-Afghani, Abduh, Khomeini, Mawdudi, Hasan al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb, Musa al-Sadr, Ali Shariati and Muhammad Baqer As-Sadr are considered, explaining the roots of movements as diverse as the Muslim Brotherhood, the Jama't-i-Islami, the radical Iranian clergy and the militant Shi'i of Lebanon. The book provides an introduction to the complexity and variety of Islamic social thought, dispelling notions of a homogenous Islamic revival and revealing the motivations of the thinkers who have reshaped the political vocabulary of Islam.


Reviews 2

Choice Review

Consisting of nine compact intellectual biographies, each by a different scholar, this volume constitutes an informative and useful addition to the growing literature on political Islam. The "pioneers" include two 19th-century figures--the mercurial Jamal al-Din 'al-Afghani and his sometime disciple Muhammad Abduh--as well as seven 20th-century notables--Ayatollah Khomeini, Abu'lA'la Mawdudi, Hasan al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb, Musa al-Sadr, Ali Shariati, and Mumammad Baqer as-Sadr. All have passed from the world stage (more than half of them at the hands of political enemies), but each continues to influence intellectual debate and political action in the Muslim world. Each chapter-length treatment includes a section on the biographical background of the subject, an analysis of his thought, and an assessment of his influence. The contributors are well matched with their subjects; at least four of them have written the equivalent of full-length biographies of the figures they treat here. The editor's essay on Shariati, Augustus Richard Norton's on Musa al-Sadr, and Seyyed Nasr's on Mawdudi have the additional merit of providing an excellent political context. Only a glossary of arcane Islamic terms could improve the usefulness of this volume to undergraduates. L. M. Lewis; Eastern Kentucky University


Choice Review

Consisting of nine compact intellectual biographies, each by a different scholar, this volume constitutes an informative and useful addition to the growing literature on political Islam. The "pioneers" include two 19th-century figures--the mercurial Jamal al-Din 'al-Afghani and his sometime disciple Muhammad Abduh--as well as seven 20th-century notables--Ayatollah Khomeini, Abu'lA'la Mawdudi, Hasan al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb, Musa al-Sadr, Ali Shariati, and Mumammad Baqer as-Sadr. All have passed from the world stage (more than half of them at the hands of political enemies), but each continues to influence intellectual debate and political action in the Muslim world. Each chapter-length treatment includes a section on the biographical background of the subject, an analysis of his thought, and an assessment of his influence. The contributors are well matched with their subjects; at least four of them have written the equivalent of full-length biographies of the figures they treat here. The editor's essay on Shariati, Augustus Richard Norton's on Musa al-Sadr, and Seyyed Nasr's on Mawdudi have the additional merit of providing an excellent political context. Only a glossary of arcane Islamic terms could improve the usefulness of this volume to undergraduates. L. M. Lewis; Eastern Kentucky University


Table of Contents

Ali RahnemaAli RahnemaNikki R. KeddieYvonne HaddadBaqer MoinSeyyed Vali Reza NasrDavid ComminsCharles TrippAugustus Richard NortonAli RahnemaChibli MallatAli RahnemaAli RahnemaNikki R. KeddieYvonne HaddadBaqer MoinSeyyed Vali Reza NasrDavid ComminsCharles TrippAugustus Richard NortonAli RahnemaChibli Mallat
List of Contributorsp. vii
Introduction to 2nd Edition: Contextualizing the Pioneers of Islamic Revivalp. ix
From the Wall of Mistrust to the Fortress of Contemptp. ix
The US Military Intervention in Iraq and its Consequencesp. xiii
Desperation and Irrationality Prevailp. xv
Politics and Rhetoric of Rage and Arrogancep. xix
A Rough Road Map to Understandingp. xxv
European Colonization and Islam's Resistance (1800-1924)p. xxvi
North Africap. xxvii
The Indian Subcontinentp. xxix
Iranp. xxxvi
The Borderless Pan-Islamistsp. xxxix
The Gestation Period (1925-1978)p. xliii
Islamic Ideologuesp. xlv
Muslim Countries and Islamic Oppositionp. lii
Islam on the Offensive (1979 to the Present)p. lvii
The Challenge of the Iranian Revolutionp. lix
Neutralizing the Iranian Revolutionp. lxii
The War in Afghanistan: A Different Model of Islamic Strugglep. lxiii
The Algerian Bloodbathp. lxix
Lebanese Hizballahp. lxxi
Conclusionp. lxxiv
1 Introduction to First Editionp. 1
Certain Attributes of Islamic Revivalistsp. 4
2 Sayyid Jamal al-Din 'al-Afghani'p. 11
Jamal al-Din's Biographyp. 13
Sayyid Jamal al-Din's Influencep. 24
3 Muhammad Abduh: Pioneer of Islamic Reformp. 30
Abduh's Milieup. 34
Abduh's Analysis of the Problemp. 35
Abduh's Reform Projectp. 43
Qur'anic Exegesisp. 46
Educationp. 49
Politicsp. 52
The Role of Womenp. 56
Conclusionp. 59
4 Khomeini's Search for Perfection: Theory and Realityp. 64
Introductionp. 64
Backgroundp. 65
Educationp. 66
In Search of the Perfect Manp. 69
Interest in Politicsp. 76
The Rulerp. 90
Conclusionp. 93
5 Mawdudi and the Jama'at-i Islami: The Origins, Theory and Practice of Islamic Revivalismp. 98
The Making of the Revivalist: Mawdudi's Life and Educationp. 99
Mawdudi's Thought and Ideologyp. 104
Jama'at-i Islamip. 111
Jama'at's Structurep. 112
Jama'at's History and Politicsp. 113
Continuity and Change in Jama'at's Structurep. 120
6 Hasan al-Banna (1906-1949)p. 125
Historical Backgroundp. 125
Hasan al-Bannap. 128
Hasan al-Banna's Thoughtp. 133
Hasan al-Banna: Organizer and Activistp. 144
Hasan al-Banna in Historical Perspectivep. 149
7 Sayyid Qutb: The Political Visionp. 154
Introductionp. 154
Life, Career and Writingsp. 155
The Political Vision: from Al-'Adalah al-Ijtima'iyyah fi al-Islam to Ma'alim fi al-Tariqp. 165
Influencep. 175
Conclusionp. 180
8 Musa al-Sadrp. 184
Peripheral Arabsp. 185
Historical Roots of Shi'ismp. 187
The Martyrdom of Imam Husainp. 189
Islamic Populism and the Shi'i Movementsp. 191
The Renovation of Shi'ism as a Political Ideologyp. 192
Musa al-Sadrp. 195
Political Stylep. 197
Imam al-Ghaibp. 204
9 Ali Shariati: Teacher, Preacher, Rebelp. 208
Family Backgroundp. 208
Childhood and Adolescencep. 210
Shariati's Political Heritagep. 214
Shariati's University Yearsp. 217
Shariati's Parisp. 218
The Return to Iranp. 225
Hejira and Deathp. 242
10 Muhammad Baqer as-Sadrp. 251
Indexp. 273
List of Contributorsp. vii
Introduction to 2nd Edition: Contextualizing the Pioneers of Islamic Revivalp. ix
From the Wall of Mistrust to the Fortress of Contemptp. ix
The US Military Intervention in Iraq and its Consequencesp. xiii
Desperation and Irrationality Prevailp. xv
Politics and Rhetoric of Rage and Arrogancep. xix
A Rough Road Map to Understandingp. xxv
European Colonization and Islam's Resistance (1800-1924)p. xxvi
North Africap. xxvii
The Indian Subcontinentp. xxix
Iranp. xxxvi
The Borderless Pan-Islamistsp. xxxix
The Gestation Period (1925-1978)p. xliii
Islamic Ideologuesp. xlv
Muslim Countries and Islamic Oppositionp. lii
Islam on the Offensive (1979 to the Present)p. lvii
The Challenge of the Iranian Revolutionp. lix
Neutralizing the Iranian Revolutionp. lxii
The War in Afghanistan: A Different Model of Islamic Strugglep. lxiii
The Algerian Bloodbathp. lxix
Lebanese Hizballahp. lxxi
Conclusionp. lxxiv
1 Introduction to First Editionp. 1
Certain Attributes of Islamic Revivalistsp. 4
2 Sayyid Jamal al-Din 'al-Afghani'p. 11
Jamal al-Din's Biographyp. 13
Sayyid Jamal al-Din's Influencep. 24
3 Muhammad Abduh: Pioneer of Islamic Reformp. 30
Abduh's Milieup. 34
Abduh's Analysis of the Problemp. 35
Abduh's Reform Projectp. 43
Qur'anic Exegesisp. 46
Educationp. 49
Politicsp. 52
The Role of Womenp. 56
Conclusionp. 59
4 Khomeini's Search for Perfection: Theory and Realityp. 64
Introductionp. 64
Backgroundp. 65
Educationp. 66
In Search of the Perfect Manp. 69
Interest in Politicsp. 76
The Rulerp. 90
Conclusionp. 93
5 Mawdudi and the Jama'at-i Islami: The Origins, Theory and Practice of Islamic Revivalismp. 98
The Making of the Revivalist: Mawdudi's Life and Educationp. 99
Mawdudi's Thought and Ideologyp. 104
Jama'at-i Islamip. 111
Jama'at's Structurep. 112
Jama'at's History and Politicsp. 113
Continuity and Change in Jama'at's Structurep. 120
6 Hasan al-Banna (1906-1949)p. 125
Historical Backgroundp. 125
Hasan al-Bannap. 128
Hasan al-Banna's Thoughtp. 133
Hasan al-Banna: Organizer and Activistp. 144
Hasan al-Banna in Historical Perspectivep. 149
7 Sayyid Qutb: The Political Visionp. 154
Introductionp. 154
Life, Career and Writingsp. 155
The Political Vision: from Al-'Adalah al-Ijtima'iyyah fi al-Islam to Ma'alim fi al-Tariqp. 165
Influencep. 175
Conclusionp. 180
8 Musa al-Sadrp. 184
Peripheral Arabsp. 185
Historical Roots of Shi'ismp. 187
The Martyrdom of Imam Husainp. 189
Islamic Populism and the Shi'i Movementsp. 191
The Renovation of Shi'ism as a Political Ideologyp. 192
Musa al-Sadrp. 195
Political Stylep. 197
Imam al-Ghaibp. 204
9 Ali Shariati: Teacher, Preacher, Rebelp. 208
Family Backgroundp. 208
Childhood and Adolescencep. 210
Shariati's Political Heritagep. 214
Shariati's University Yearsp. 217
Shariati's Parisp. 218
The Return to Iranp. 225
Hejira and Deathp. 242
10 Muhammad Baqer as-Sadrp. 251
Indexp. 273

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