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F417.P45 S76 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Black History Non-Circ

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What actually occurred beginning October 1, 1919, in Phillips County, Arkansas, has been the subject of debate; there is no monument to the victims of the deadly conflict between black sharecroppers and white plantation owners, because the facts have never been sorted out. Over the course of five weeks, five whites, including a soldier, died; black

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In the current historiography of racism, historians have given increased attention to local versus national centralized power, the feelings and attitudes of both blacks and whites, and the role of black women. Attorney Stockley and history professor Madison (Indiana Univ., Bloomington) incorporate these factors as they deal with riots and lynchings in Arkansas and Indiana in 1919 and 1930, when both South and North practiced a savage racism. In Arkansas, the precipitating issue was the effort of blacks to form a union. When a shooting into a black church where the union met resulted in retaliation, area whites and units of the US Army joined in a rampage against the blacks. Whites claimed their actions had stopped a riot and saved the community. The Arkansas courts quickly found the blacks guilty of murder, but the US Supreme Court upheld the NAACP's claim that they had been denied a fair trial. Although a local attorney insisted on a guilty plea to a lesser charge and worked successfully for an early release of the defendants, the NAACP had wanted the retrial to sustain the principle. However, the local people understood that whites needed their injustice supported to some degree. Arkansas continued to lynch and riot to maintain social controls. In Indiana, rioters lynched two of three black teenagers who had been charged with rape and murder. Local police complied with the lynch mob, which justified its actions on the ineffectiveness of the law and the confessions of the three prisoners. The event would neither die nor be repeated. Flossie Bailey led the NAACP fight for a tougher antilynching law in 1931, and a famous photograph of the lynching was a haunting reminder of the event. Later racial tensions over desegregation and police brutality kept the issue of racism alive. Both events exposed the viciousness of mob rule, and both titles are recommended for all levels and collections. L. H. Grothaus emeritus, Concordia University

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. vii
Prefacep. xi
Introductionp. xiii
Chronology of Eventsp. xxiii
Chapter 1. Charles Hillman Brough's Midnight Train Ridep. 3
Chapter 2. The Law of the Deltap. 19
Chapter 3. The Boys from Camp Pikep. 34
Chapter 4. A Committee of Sevenp. 61
Chapter 5. More Than One Versionp. 80
Chapter 6. Little Rock and New York: An Uneasy Alliancep. 92
Chapter 7. The Trials Beginp. 106
Chapter 8. Colonel Murphy for the Defensep. 138
Chapter 9. The Retrials of the Ware Defendantsp. 151
Chapter 10. The Changing of the Guardp. 176
Chapter 11. Affidavits from Unlikely Sourcesp. 192
Chapter 12. Moore v. Dempsey: A Supreme Victoryp. 208
Chapter 13. Scipio Jones Takes Chargep. 223
Notesp. 235
A Note on Sourcesp. 257
Indexp. 259