Cover image for Cambridge scientific minds
Title:
Cambridge scientific minds
Author:
Harman, P. M. (Peter Michael), 1943-
Publication Information:
Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, [2002]

©2002
Physical Description:
viii, 343 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Language:
English
Contents:
William Gilbert -- William Harvey -- Isaac Newton: creator of the Cambridge scientific tradition -- William Whewell: a Cambridge historian and philosopher of science -- Adam Sedgwick: a confident mind in turmoil -- Charles Babbage: science and reform -- Charles Darwin -- Stokes and Kelvin, Cambridge and Glasgow, light and heat -- James Clerk Maxwell -- The duo from Trinity: A. N. Whitehead and Bertrand Russell on the foundations of mathematics, 1895-1925 -- Thomson, Rutherford and atomic physics at the Cavendish -- Hopkins and biochemistry -- Charles Sherrington, E. D. Adrian, and Henry Dale: the Cambridge Physiological Laboratory and the physiology of the nervous system -- Hardy and Littlewood -- Arthur Stanley Eddington -- Paul Dirac: a quantum genius -- Alan Turing -- Francis Crick and James Watson -- Mary Cartwright -- Joseph Needham -- Molecular biology in Cambridge -- The discovery of pulsars--prelude and aftermath -- Stephen W. Hawking.
ISBN:
9780521781008

9780521786126
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Since the scientific revolutions of the seventeenth century, a great number of distinguished scientists and mathematicians have been associated with Cambridge University. Cambridge Scientific Minds is a unique account of some of the University's most eminent thinkers over the last 400 years, including Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, and James Clerk Maxwell. While the rapid establishment during the Newtonian era of a series of professorships for mathematics, chemistry, astronomy, anatomy, botany, geology, and geometry marked the University's scientific coming of age, this volume's chronological balance reflects on the increasing importance of science in the institution's recent history. Chapters on Paul Dirac, Alan Turing, Joseph Needham, and Stephen Hawking, among others, represent the recent intellectual efflorescence at Cambridge. Personal memoirs and historical essays, written by leading historians, scientists, and Nobel Laureates, make Cambridge Scientific Minds as enjoyable to read as it is accessible. Peter Harman is Professor of the History of Science at Lancaster University. He has published primarily on the history of physics and natural philosophy in the 18th and 19th centuries, the period from Newton to Maxwell. His previous books include Energy, Force and Matter (Cambridge, 1982), The Investigation of Difficult Things (Cambridge, 1992), After Newton: Essays on Natural Philosophy (Variorum, 1993), The Scientific Letters and Papers of James Clerk Maxwell, volume 1 (Cambridge, 1990), volume 2 (Cambridge, 1995). Simon Mitton studied physics at the University of Oxford, and received a PhD in radio astronomy at the Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge. He is Senior Fellow at St. Edmund's College, Cambridge. This is his tenth book.


Table of Contents

IntroductionPeter Harman
1 William Gilbert Stephen Pumfrey
2 William Harvey Andrew Cunningham
3 Isaac Newton Rupert Hall
4 William Whewell Richard Yeo
5 Adam Sedgwick David Oldroyd
6 Charles Babbage Anthony Hyman
7 Charles Darwin Peter Bowler
8 Stokes and Kelvin David Wilson
9 James Clerk Maxwell Simon Schaffer
10 Russell and Whitehead Ivor Grattan-Guinness
11 Thomson and Rutherford Brian Pippard
12 Gowland Hopkins Harmke Kamminga
13 Sherrington and Adrian Tilli Tansey
14 Hardy and Littlewood Robin Wilson
15 Arthur Eddington Malcolm Longair
16 Paul Dirac Helge Kragh
17 Alan Turing Andrew Hodges
18 Crick and Watson Robert Olby
19 Mary Cartwright Tom Körner
20 Joseph Needham Gregory Blue
21 Molecular biology Max Perutz
22 Radioastronomy Antony Hewish
23 Stephen Hawking Simon Mitton