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Summary

Summary

Slavery and Emancipation is a comprehensive collection of primary and secondary readings on the history of slaveholding in the American South combining recent historical research with period documents.

The most comprehensive collection of primary and secondary readings on the history of slaveholding in America.
Combines recent historical research with period documents to bring both immediacy and perspective to the origins, principles, realities, and aftermath of African-American slavery.
Includes the colonial foundations of slavery, the master-slave relationship, the cultural world of the planters, the slave community, and slave resistance and rebellion.
Each section contains one major article by a prominent historian, and three primary documents drawn from plantation records, travellers' accounts, slave narratives, autobiographies, statute law, diaries, letters, and investigative reports.


Author Notes

Rick Halpern is Bissell-Heyd-Associates Chair of American Studies and a Professor of History at the University of Toronto
Enrico Dal Lago is Lecturer in American History at the National University of Ireland, Galway


Table of Contents

Philip D. MorganIra BerlinKathleen M. BrownPeter KolchinMark M. SmithEugene D. GenoveseMarli F. WeinerWalter JohnsonBrenda E. StevensonJohn Hope Franklin and Loren SchweningerPaul GoodmanDon E. FehrenbacherDrew Gilpin FaustIra Berlin et al.
Series Editor's Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
1 Colonial Origins: Race and Slaveryp. 10
Introductionp. 10
Document A The First Blacks Arrive in Virginia (1619)p. 13
Document B Slavery Becomes a Legal Fact in Virginia (17th-Century Statutes)p. 14
Document C South Carolina Restricts the Liberty of Slaves (1740)p. 16
Article: Two Infant Slave Societies in the Chesapeake and the Lowcountryp. 18
2 From African to African American: Slave Adaptation to the New Worldp. 35
Introductionp. 35
Document A A Runaway Ad from the Virginia Gazette (1767)p. 37
Document B Olaudah Equiano Describes his Capture (1789)p. 38
Document C Venture Smith Describes his Childhood as a Domestic Slave (1798)p. 41
Article: The Plantation Generations of African Americansp. 42
3 The Formation of the Master Classp. 55
Introductionp. 55
Document A William Byrd II Describes the Patriarchal Ideal (1726)p. 57
Document B Landon Carter Describes the Business of Tobacco Planting (1770)p. 58
Document C Philip Fithian Visits Virginia's Planter Elite (1773-1774)p. 61
Article: Masters and Mistresses in Colonial Virginiap. 63
4 Slavery and the American Revolutionp. 87
Introductionp. 87
Document A Lord Dunmore's Proclamation Freeing Slaves in Virginia (1775)p. 90
Document B George Corbin's Manumission of Slaves by Will (1787)p. 91
Document C Thomas Jefferson Expresses his Unease over Slavery (1794)p. 92
Article: Slavery and the American Revolutionp. 96
5 The Growth of the Cotton Kingdomp. 123
Introductionp. 123
Document A Joseph Baldwin on Society in Alabama and Mississippi (1835-1837)p. 126
Document B James Henry Hammond on Agriculture in Virginia (1841)p. 129
Document C Frederick Law Olmsted on the Profitability of Cotton (1861)p. 131
Article: Debating the Profitability of Antebellum Southern Agriculturep. 133
6 The World of the Plantersp. 146
Introductionp. 146
Document A John Lyde Wilson's Rules of the Code of Honor (1838)p. 149
Document B George Fitzhugh on the Benefits of Slavery (1857)p. 151
Document C George Cary Eggleston Remembers the Aristocratic Life in Antebellum Virginia (1875)p. 153
Article: The Slaveholders' Dilemma between Bondage and Progressp. 155
7 Life Within the Big Housep. 177
Introductionp. 177
Document A Adele Petigru Allston is Reminded of the Mistress' Duties by her Aunt (ca. 1830s)p. 180
Document B Rosalie Roos Describes Courtship in Charleston (1854)p. 181
Document C Mary Chesnut Describes the Effects of Patriarchy (1861)p. 182
Article: Plantation Mistresses' Attitudes toward Slavery in South Carolinap. 185
8 Masters and Slaves: Paternalism and Exploitationp. 206
Introductionp. 206
Document A James Henry Hammond Battles Slave Illness (1841)p. 208
Document B Rules on the Rice Estate of Plowden C. Weston, South Carolina (1846)p. 210
Document C Charles Manigault Instructs his Overseer about "My Negroes" (1848)p. 212
Article: Paternalism and Exploitation in the Antebellum Slave Marketp. 214
9 Life in the Slave Quartersp. 233
Introductionp. 233
Document A Frederick Douglass Remembers his Childhood (1845)p. 236
Document B Tempie Herndon Remembers her Wedding (ca. 1850)p. 238
Document C William Cullen Bryant Recollects a Corn-Shucking Ceremony (1850)p. 240
Article: Slave Marriage and Family Relations in Antebellum Virginiap. 242
10 Slave Resistance and Slave Rebellionp. 265
Introductionp. 265
Document A The Confessions of Nat Turner (1831)p. 268
Document B Frederick Douglass Remembers Resisting Mr. Covey (1845)p. 270
Document C Frederick Law Olmsted on Runaway Slaves in Virginia (1861)p. 272
Article: The Impact of Runaway Slaves on the Slave Systemp. 274
11 The Abolitionist Impulsep. 294
Introductionp. 294
Document A William Lloyd Garrison, "I Will Be Heard" (1831)p. 297
Document B The American Anti-Slavery Society's Declaration of Sentiments (1833)p. 299
Document C Frederick Douglass Discusses the Fourth of July (1852)p. 302
Article: Abolitionists and the Origins of Racial Equalityp. 304
12 The Politics of Slaveryp. 316
Introductionp. 316
Document A John C. Calhoun on States' Rights and Nullification (1828)p. 319
Document B Free-Soil Democrat Walt Whitman's View on Slavery and the Mexican War (1847)p. 322
Document C Abraham Lincoln's "House Divided" Speech (1858)p. 324
Article: Slavery and Territorial Expansionp. 326
13 Secession and Civil Warp. 345
Introductionp. 345
Document A South Carolina's Declaration of the Immediate Causes of Secession (1860)p. 348
Document B Mary Chesnut Recalls the Beginning of the Civil War (1861)p. 350
Document C Sarah Morgan Defends Slavery against Lincoln's Plan for Emancipation (1862)p. 352
Article: Confederate Women in the Crisis of the Slaveholding Southp. 354
14 Emancipation and the Destruction of Slaveryp. 377
Introductionp. 377
Document A Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation (1863)p. 380
Document B Frederick Douglass, "Men of Color, To Arms" (1863)p. 382
Document C Statement of a "Colored Man" (September 1863)p. 385
Article: The Destruction of Slavery in the Confederate Territoriesp. 387
Indexp. 401

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