Cover image for The Aztecs
Title:
The Aztecs
Author:
Smith, Michael Ernest, 1953-
Edition:
Second edition.
Publication Information:
Malden, MA : Blackwell Pub., [2003]

©2003
Physical Description:
xviii, 367 pages : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780631230151

9780631230168
Format :
Book

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F1219.73 .S58 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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F1219.73 .S58 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

A vivid and comprehensive account of the Aztecs, the best-known people of pre-Columbian America. It examines their origins, civilization, and the distinctive realms of Aztec religion, science, and thought. It describes the conquest of their empire by the Spanish, and their present-day survival in Central Mexico, making use of the results of the latest excavations, historical documentation, and the author's first-hand knowledge. There is also a detailed account of the daily life of the Aztec people, including their economy, family life, class system, and food.


Table of Contents

List of Figures
List of Tables
Preface
Guide to Pronunciation and Spelling
1 The Aztecs of Mesoamerica
Who Were the Aztecs?
Mesoamerican Context
The Aztec Environment
Sources of Information
Ethnohistory
Archaeology
Aztec Studies Today
Box: Reading a Ritual Codex
2 The Rise of Aztec Civilization
Timetables
Pre-Aztec Civilizations
The Aztlan Migrations
The Growth of City-States: The Early Aztec Period
Tenochtitlan and Empire: The Late Aztec Period
BOX: Reading a Historical Codex
3 People on the Landscape
How Many Aztecs?
The Aztec Diet
Farming Systems
Rural Settlement
The Rural Landscape
4 Artisans and their Wares
Utilitarian Crafts
Luxury Crafts
Otumba: an Aztec Craft Center
5 The Commercial Economy
Marketplaces
Merchants
Money
Material Evidence for Aztec Commerce
6 Family and Social Class
Growing Up Aztec
Adult Life and Social Roles
Social Classes
Commoners
Nobles and Their Palaces
7 City-State and Empire
City-States
Relations among City-States
The Empire of the Triple Alliance
Imperial Strategies and Control
Mexica Propaganda and the Limits of Empire
8 Cities and Urban Planning
City-State Capitals
Provincial Cities and Towns
Tenochtitlan
9 Creation, Death and the Gods
Myths of Creation
Aztec Religion: Historical Background
The Gods
Death, Burial, and the Afterlife
10 Temples and Ceremonies
Priests
Human Blood Offerings
The Templo Mayor
Public Ceremonies
Private Rituals
11 Science and Art
Writing
Calendars and Astronomy
Technology
Medicine
Art
Literature and Poetry
Music and Dance
12 Final Glory, Conquest and Legacy
The Final Century, 1428-1519
Conquest by Spain
The Nahuas under Spanish Rule
Continuity and Change
The Aztec Legacy: Modern Nahua Indian Culture
The Aztec Past and the Mexican Present
A Wider Perspective
Glossary of Nahuatl Terms
References
Index