Cover image for The Korean language
Title:
The Korean language
Author:
Lee, Iksop.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Albany : State University of New York Press, [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
xiii, 374 pages : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm.
Language:
English
Subject Term:
ISBN:
9780791448311

9780791448328
Format :
Book

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PL908 .L37 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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PL908 .L37 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

An accessible, comprehensive source of information on the Korean language--its structure and history to its cultural and sociological setting.


Author Notes

Iksop Lee is Professor of Korean Language and Linguistics at Seoul National University and former Director of the Korean National Language Research Center.
S. Robert Ramsey is Professor of East Asian Linguistics at the University of Maryland


Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Chapter 1 Introductionp. 1
1.1 The Distribution of Koreanp. 1
1.2 Korean Writingp. 2
1.3 The Origins of Koreanp. 5
1.4 The Structural Characteristics of Koreanp. 7
Chapter 2 Korean Writingp. 13
2.1 The Letters of the Alphabetp. 13
2.2 Combining the Hangul Lettersp. 17
2.3 Orthographyp. 20
2.4 An Evaluation of Hangul Orthographyp. 29
2.5 The History of the Korean Alphabetp. 31
2.5.1 The Origin of the Korean Alphabetp. 31
2.5.2 The Design Principles for the Letter Shapesp. 34
2.5.3 Special Features of the Korean Alphabetp. 42
2.6 The Use of Chinese Charactersp. 45
2.6.1 Transcriptions of Koreanp. 46
2.6.1.1 Hyangch'alp. 48
2.6.1.2 Kugyolp. 51
2.6.1.3 Idup. 53
2.6.2 Literary Chinese and Chinese Charactersp. 55
Chapter 3 Phonologyp. 61
3.1 The Sound Systemp. 61
3.2 Syllable Structurep. 66
3.3 Phonological Processesp. 68
3.3.1 Neutralizationp. 68
3.3.2 Assimilationp. 70
3.3.3 Restrictions on Initial Consonantsp. 73
3.3.4 Syncope, Contraction, and Epenthesisp. 74
3.3.5 Verb Stemsp. 78
Chapter 4 Words and Parts of Speechp. 83
4.1 The Basic Structure of Wordsp. 83
4.2 Parts of Speechp. 85
4.2.1 Nounsp. 85
4.2.2 Pronounsp. 89
4.2.3 Numeralsp. 94
4.2.4 Verbs and Adjectivesp. 100
4.2.5 Prenouns and Adverbsp. 104
4.3 Word Formationp. 107
4.3.1 Compoundsp. 108
4.3.2 Reduplicative Compoundsp. 113
4.3.3 Derivativesp. 116
4.3.4 Special Derivativesp. 120
4.4 Loanwordsp. 125
4.4.1 How Words Are Borrowedp. 125
4.4.2 Loans Past and Presentp. 127
4.4.3 Sino-Koreanp. 136
Chapter 5 Phrase Structurep. 139
5.1 Particlesp. 139
5.1.1 Case Particlesp. 143
5.1.1.1 Nominative Case Particlesp. 143
5.1.1.2 Accusative Case Particlesp. 146
5.1.1.3 Genitive Case Particlesp. 148
5.1.1.4 Locative Case Particlesp. 150
5.1.1.5 Instrumental Case Particlesp. 154
5.1.1.6 Comitative Case Particlesp. 156
5.1.1.7 Vocative Case Particlesp. 158
5.1.2 Special Particlesp. 160
5.1.2.1 top. 161
5.1.2.2 manp. 162
5.1.2.3 nunp. 163
5.1.2.4 iyap. 167
5.1.2.5 inap. 168
5.1.2.6 inamap. 168
5.1.2.7 kkaci, cocha, macep. 170
5.1.2.8 matap. 171
5.1.2.9 iyamallop. 172
5.1.2.10 khenyengp. 172
5.2 Verb Endingsp. 173
5.2.1 Pre-final Endingsp. 173
5.2.1.1 essp. 174
5.2.1.2 ess.essp. 174
5.2.1.3 keyssp. 178
5.2.1.4 tep. 179
5.2.2 Final Endingsp. 183
5.2.3 Conjunctive Endingsp. 186
5.2.4 Nominalizing Endingsp. 191
5.2.5 Adnominal Endingsp. 193
Chapter 6 Syntaxp. 197
6.1 Word Orderp. 197
6.2 Sentence Expansionp. 201
6.2.1 Conjunctionp. 202
6.2.2 Embedded Sentencesp. 203
6.3 Passives and Causativesp. 206
6.3.1 Passivesp. 206
6.3.2 Causativesp. 212
6.4 Negationp. 215
6.4.1 Types of Negative Constructionsp. 215
6.4.2 Meanings and Constraints on Negationp. 216
6.4.3 The Short Form and the Long Form of Negationp. 220
Chapter 7 Honorifics and Speech Stylesp. 224
7.1 Pronounsp. 225
7.2 Titlesp. 229
7.2.1 Kwacang-nimp. 230
7.2.2 Kim Kwacang-nimp. 232
7.2.3 Kim Minho-ssip. 232
7.2.4 Minho-ssip. 232
7.2.5 Minho-hyengp. 233
7.2.6 Kim Kwacangp. 233
7.2.7 Kim-ssip. 233
7.2.8 Kim-hyengp. 233
7.2.9-11 Kim-kwun/Kim Minho-kwun/Minho-kwunp. 234
7.2.12 Kim Minhop. 234
7.2.13 Minhop. 235
7.2.14 Minho-yap. 235
7.3 Subject Honorificationp. 239
7.4 Object Exaltationp. 245
7.5 Stylep. 249
7.6 Putting the Honorific System Togetherp. 263
7.7 The Sociology of the Honorific Systemp. 267
Chapter 8 Historyp. 273
8.1 Old Koreanp. 274
8.2 Early Middle Koreanp. 280
8.3 Late Middle Koreanp. 282
8.3.1 Phonologyp. 284
8.3.2 Grammarp. 289
8.4 Modern Koreanp. 300
8.4.1 Phonologyp. 301
8.4.2 Grammarp. 303
Chapter 9 The Modern Dialectsp. 307
9.1 Seoul Speech and the Standard Languagep. 307
9.2 Dialect Areasp. 310
9.3 Phonologyp. 314
9.3.1 Tonesp. 315
9.3.2 The Vowel [lambda] ('.')p. 318
9.3.3 The Consonants z ([Delta]) and [beta] [characters not reproducible]p. 320
9.3.4 Palatalizationp. 321
9.3.5 Inflection of t-irregular Verbsp. 324
9.3.6 Phoneme Inventoryp. 325
9.4 Grammatical Forms and Vocabularyp. 329
Notesp. 341
Bibliographyp. 355
Indexp. 365