Cover image for Confinement and ethnicity : an overview of World War II Japanese American relocation sites
Confinement and ethnicity : an overview of World War II Japanese American relocation sites
Burton, Jeffery F.
First University of Washington Press edition.
Publication Information:
Seattle : University of Washington Press, [2002]

Physical Description:
xii, 449 pages : illustrations, maps ; 22 x 28 cm.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
D769.8.A6 C57 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Oversize

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Confinement and Ethnicity documents in unprecedented detail the various facilities in which persons of Japanese descent living in the western United States were confined during World War II: the fifteen ?assembly centers? run by the U.S. Army?s Wartime Civil Control Administration, the ten ?relocation centers? created by the War Relocation Authority, and the internment camps, penitentiaries, and other sites under the jurisdiction of the Justice and War Departments. Originally published as a report of the Western Archeological and Conservation Center of the National Park Service, it is now reissued in a corrected edition, with a new Foreword by Tetsuden Kashima, associate professor of American ethnic studies at the University of Washington.

Based on archival research, field visits, and interviews with former residents, Confinement and Ethnicity provides an overview of the architectural remnants, archeological features, and artifacts remaining at the various sites. Included are numerous maps, diagrams, charts, and photographs. Historic images of the sites and their inhabitants -- including several by Dorothea Lange and Ansel Adams -- are combined with photographs of present-day settings, showing concrete foundations, fence posts, inmate-constructed drainage ditches, and foundations and parts of buildings, as well as inscriptions in Japanese and English written or scratched on walls and rocks. The result is a unique and poignant treasure house of information for former residents and their descendants, for Asian American and World War II historians, and for anyone interested in the facts about what the authors call these ?sites of shame.?

Reviews 1

Library Journal Review

Originally published as a report of the Western Archeological and Conservation Center for the National Park Service, this book documents the various sites used by the U.S. government to confine "persons of Japanese ancestry" during World War II. Besides the infamous internment camps, this volume surveys the various "assembly centers," relocation centers, penitentiaries, and other sites run by the Justice and War Departments. No other book published so far includes all the different places covered here; nor do other books so thoroughly cover the minutiae of the internees' daily life, including the raising of livestock and crops. The structures and artifacts remaining at each site are also documented, and the text is rounded out by historic and contemporary photographs, maps, diagrams, charts, tables, architectural drawings, and other information drawn from archives, reports, and memoirs. The result is a valuable and poignant study. Recommended for large World War II collections in academic and public libraries.-Katharine L. Kan, Monroe, MI (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Table of Contents

Tetsuden KashimaEleanor RooseveltIrene J. Cohen
Abstractp. v
Acknowledgmentsp. vi
Forewordp. ix
Chapter 1 Sites of Shame: An Introductionp. 1
Chapter 2 To Undo a Mistake is Always Harder Than Not to Create One Originallyp. 19
Chapter 3 A Brief History of Japanese American Relocation During World War IIp. 25
Chapter 4 Gila River Relocation Center, Arizonap. 59
Chapter 5 Granada Relocation Center, Coloradop. 101
Chapter 6 Heart Mountain Relocation Center, Wyomingp. 129
Chapter 7 Jerome Relocation Center, Arkansasp. 149
Chapter 8 Manzanar Relocation Center, Californiap. 161
Chapter 9 Minidoka Relocation Center, Idahop. 203
Chapter 10 Poston Relocation Center, Arizonap. 215
Chapter 11 Rohwer Relocation Center, Arkansasp. 243
Chapter 12 Topaz Relocation Center, Utahp. 259
Chapter 13 Tule Lake Relocation Center, Californiap. 279
Chapter 14 Citizen Isolation Centersp. 325
Moab, Utahp. 327
Leupp, Arizonap. 330
Chapter 15 Additional War Relocation Authority Facilitiesp. 335
Antelope Springs, Utahp. 335
Cow Creek, Death Valley, Californiap. 338
Tulelake, Californiap. 346
Chapter 16 Assembly Centersp. 351
Fresno, Californiap. 352
Marysville, Californiap. 353
Mayer, Arizonap. 355
Merced, Californiap. 356
Pinedale, Californiap. 358
Pomona, Californiap. 359
Portland, Oregonp. 361
Puyallup, Washingtonp. 363
Sacramento, Californiap. 366
Salinas, Californiap. 368
Santa Anita, Californiap. 369
Stockton, Californiap. 373
Tanforan, Californiap. 373
Tulare, Californiap. 376
Turlock, Californiap. 377
Chapter 17 Department of Justice and U.S. Army Facilitiesp. 379
Temporary Detention Stationsp. 380
Department of Justice Internment Campsp. 381
Crystal City Internment Center, Texasp. 381
Kenedy Internment Center, Texasp. 386
Kooskia Internment Camp, Idahop. 387
Fort Lincoln, North Dakotap. 388
Fort Missoula, Montanap. 390
Fort Stanton, New Mexicop. 391
Santa Fe, New Mexicop. 393
Seagoville, Texasp. 398
U.S. Army Facilitiesp. 399
Camp Lordsburg, New Mexicop. 399
Fort Sill, Oklahomap. 401
Stringtown, Oklahomap. 404
Alaska and Hawaiip. 404
Other U.S. Army Sitesp. 405
Chapter 18 Federal Bureau of Prisonsp. 407
Catalina Federal Honor Camp, Arizonap. 409
Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary, Kansasp. 414
McNeil Island Federal Penitentiary, Washingtonp. 415
References Citedp. 417
Appendix A Relocation Center Drawings in Records Group 210, National Archives, Cartographic Divisionp. 425
Appendix B Tule Lake Relocation Center Drawings at the Bureau of Reclamation, Klamath Falls Officep. 431
Appendix C Selected Relocation Center Blueprintsp. 435