Cover image for PC hardware in a nutshell
Title:
PC hardware in a nutshell
Author:
Thompson, Robert Bruce.
Personal Author:
Edition:
Second edition.
Publication Information:
Beijing ; Cambridge : O'Reilly, [2002]

©2002
Physical Description:
xxiii, 780 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
General Note:
Previous ed.: 2000.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780596003531
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Carefully researched and written, PC Hardware in a Nutshell, 2nd Edition is packed with useful and unbiased information, including how-to advice for specific components, ample reference material, and a comprehensive case study on building a PC. To the point yet complete, this book provides an enormous amount of timeless information intended for anyone who buys, builds, upgrades, or repairs PCs in a corporate, small business, or home setting.In addition to coverage of the fundamentals and general tips about working on PCs, this book includes chapters focusing on motherboards, processors, memory, floppies, hard drives, optical drives, tape devices, video devices, input devices, audio components, communications, power supplies, and maintenance. Special emphasis is given to upgrading and troubleshooting existing equipment so you can get the most from your existing investments.This new edition is expanded to include:

Detailed information about the latest motherboards and chipsets from AMD, Intel, SiS, and VIA Extensive coverage of the Pentium 4 and the latest AMD processors, including the Athlon XP/MP Full details about new hard drive standards, including the latest SCSI standards, ATA/133, Serial ATA, and the new 48-bit "Big Drive" ATA interface Extended coverage of DVD drives, including DVD-RAM, DVD-R/RW, and DVD+R/RW Details about Flat Panel Displays, including how to choose one (and why you might not want to) New chapters on serial communications, parallel communications, and USB communications (including USB 2.0) Enhanced troubleshooting coverage PC Hardware in a Nutshell, 2nd Edition provides independent, useful and practical information in a no-nonsense manner with specific recommendations on components. Based on real-world testing over time, it will help you make intelligent, informed decisions about buying, building, upgrading, and repairing PCs in a cost effective manner that will help you maximize new or existing computer hardware systems.


Table of Contents

Forewordp. xv
Prefacep. xvii
1. Fundamentalsp. 1
PCs Definedp. 1
PC Components and Technologiesp. 3
System Resourcesp. 14
Building or Buying a PCp. 30
Upgrading a PCp. 33
Smart Buying Practicesp. 37
Things to Do with Old PCsp. 42
2. Working on PCsp. 46
Rules to Upgrade Byp. 46
Toolsp. 51
General Proceduresp. 62
3. Motherboardsp. 80
Motherboard Characteristicsp. 80
Choosing a Motherboardp. 121
Installing a Motherboardp. 128
Upgrading the System BIOSp. 133
Our Picksp. 136
4. Processorsp. 137
Processor Designp. 137
Intel Processorsp. 139
Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) Processorsp. 160
Choosing a Processorp. 171
Installing a Processorp. 176
Our Picksp. 189
5. Memoryp. 191
Understanding Memoryp. 191
Memory Access Methodsp. 193
Memory Packagingp. 198
How Much Memory Is Enough?p. 204
Memory Selection Guidelinesp. 206
Installing Memoryp. 212
Troubleshooting Memory Installation and Operationp. 217
Our Picksp. 219
6. Floppy Disk Drivesp. 221
Diskette Types and Formatsp. 222
Drive Typesp. 224
FDD Interface and Cablingp. 225
Installing a Floppy Disk Drivep. 227
Working with FDDsp. 231
Working with Obsolete Diskette Formatsp. 232
Salvaging Diskette Datap. 233
Our Picksp. 234
7. High-Capacity Floppy Disk Drivesp. 235
High-Capacity FDD Typesp. 236
Choosing a High-Capacity Floppy Disk Drivep. 242
Using an ATAPI Zip or SuperDisk Drive as the Boot Devicep. 246
Drive Letter Assignment Problemsp. 246
Our Picksp. 247
8. Removable Hard Disk Drivesp. 248
Uses for Removable Hard Disk Drivesp. 249
Cartridge-Based Removable Hard Disk Drivesp. 251
Frame/Carrier-Based Removable Hard Disk Drivesp. 257
Our Picksp. 258
9. Tape Drivesp. 260
Choosing a Tape Drivep. 263
Installing and Configuring a Tape Drivep. 265
Care and Feeding of a Tape Drivep. 272
Troubleshooting Tape Drive Problemsp. 273
The Dirty Little Secret of Long Filenamesp. 274
Developing a Backup Strategyp. 276
Our Picksp. 281
10. CD-ROM Drivesp. 285
Compact Disc Fundamentalsp. 286
CD-ROM Drive Performancep. 288
Choosing a CD-ROM Drivep. 292
Installing and Configuring a CD-ROM Drivep. 295
Cleaning a CD-ROM Drivep. 305
Our Picksp. 306
11. CD-R and CD-RW Drivesp. 308
CD Writers and Mediap. 308
Writable CD Formatsp. 316
CD Recording Methodsp. 324
BURN-Proof Technologyp. 328
Choosing a CD Writerp. 329
CD Writer Softwarep. 330
Installing and Configuring a CD Writerp. 332
Updating CD Writer Firmwarep. 333
Media Issuesp. 339
Burning CDsp. 346
Special Problems and Applicationsp. 352
Writable CD Troubleshootingp. 356
Additional CD-R(W) Source Materialp. 363
Our Picksp. 363
12. DVD Drivesp. 366
DVD-ROMp. 366
DVD Writable and Rewritablep. 369
Installing and Configuring a DVD Drivep. 374
Our Picksp. 375
13. Hard Disk Interfacesp. 378
IDEp. 379
SCSIp. 400
ATA Versus SCSIp. 414
Our Picksp. 417
14. Hard Disk Drivesp. 419
How Hard Disks Workp. 419
Choosing a Hard Diskp. 421
Installing an ATA Hard Diskp. 427
Installing a SCSI Hard Diskp. 438
Preparing a Hard Disk for Usep. 440
Our Picksp. 453
15. Video Adaptersp. 454
Video Adapter Characteristicsp. 454
Choosing a Video Adapterp. 467
Installing a Video Adapterp. 469
Configuring Video Under Windows 98/Me/2000/XPp. 470
Configuring Video Under Windows NT 4p. 476
Troubleshooting Video Adapter Problemsp. 478
Our Picksp. 481
16. Displaysp. 483
CRT Monitorsp. 483
Flat-Panel Displaysp. 494
Installing and Configuring a Displayp. 505
Troubleshooting Display Problemsp. 506
Our Picksp. 513
17. Sound Adaptersp. 515
PC Audio Typesp. 516
MIDI Synthesis Methodsp. 520
Downloadable Soundsp. 521
Sound Card Componentsp. 522
Sound Card Characteristicsp. 525
Choosing a Sound Cardp. 529
Installing a Sound Cardp. 532
Troubleshooting Sound Card Problemsp. 535
MP3p. 539
Our Picksp. 543
18. Speakers and Headphonesp. 545
Speaker and Headphone Characteristicsp. 545
Choosing Speakers and Headphonesp. 547
Our Picksp. 548
19. Keyboardsp. 549
Keyboard Switch Typesp. 550
Keyboard Stylesp. 551
Keyboard Interfacesp. 552
Choosing a Keyboardp. 554
Configuring a Keyboardp. 556
Cleaning a Keyboardp. 557
Troubleshooting and Repairing Keyboardsp. 560
Our Picksp. 560
20. Mice and Trackballsp. 562
Mice Versus Trackballsp. 562
Mouse Characteristicsp. 563
Choosing a Mousep. 565
Configuring a Mouse or Trackballp. 567
Cleaning a Mousep. 568
Troubleshooting a Mousep. 569
Our Picksp. 569
21. Game Controllersp. 572
Game Controller Characteristicsp. 572
Gameport Interfacep. 575
Choosing a Game Controllerp. 577
Installing a Game Controllerp. 577
Troubleshooting Game Controllersp. 578
Our Picksp. 582
22. Serial Communicationsp. 583
Serial Communications Overviewp. 583
Serial Portsp. 588
Serial Cablesp. 599
Installing and Configuring Serial Port Hardwarep. 605
Troubleshooting Serial Port Problemsp. 616
Our Picksp. 616
23. Parallel Communicationsp. 618
Mapping Parallel Ports to LPTsp. 619
Parallel Port Typesp. 619
Configuring Parallel Port Hardwarep. 623
Parallel Connectors and Cablesp. 626
Our Picksp. 631
24. USB Communicationsp. 632
USB Characteristicsp. 634
USB Host Controller Interfacesp. 643
Configuring USBp. 649
Troubleshooting USBp. 659
Our Picksp. 667
25. Casesp. 669
Case Characteristicsp. 669
Choosing a Casep. 674
Our Picksp. 676
26. Power Suppliesp. 677
Power Supply Characteristicsp. 678
Volts, Amps, Watts, and Regulationp. 684
Power Connectorsp. 687
Choosing a Power Supplyp. 698
Installing a Power Supplyp. 700
Troubleshooting Power Suppliesp. 702
Our Picksp. 705
27. Backup Power Suppliesp. 706
What BPSes Protect Againstp. 706
BPS Typesp. 708
BPS Characteristicsp. 710
Choosing a BPSp. 714
Our Picksp. 716
28. Building a PCp. 717
Step 1 Prepare the Casep. 718
Step 2 Configure the Motherboardp. 726
Step 3 Install the Processorp. 726
Step 4 Install the Memoryp. 731
Step 5 Prepare Drives for Installationp. 733
Step 6 Install the Floppy Disk Drivep. 738
Step 7 Install Other Drivesp. 739
Step 8 Install the Motherboardp. 742
Step 9 Connect Cables to the Motherboardp. 746
Step 10 Install Expansion Cardsp. 749
Step 11 Perform the "Smoke Test"p. 753
Step 12 Install Softwarep. 754
Step 13 Finishing Touchesp. 755
Indexp. 757

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