Cover image for Roman Catholicism after Vatican II
Roman Catholicism after Vatican II
Burns, Robert A., 1934-
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Publication Information:
Washington, D.C. : Georgetown University Press, [2001]

Physical Description:
viii, 200 pages ; 24 cm
Jesus in contemporary Catholic thought -- Authority in the church -- Catholicism as a global church: the problem of inculturation -- Catholicism and the world religions.
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BX945.2 .B87 2001 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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The second Vatican Council, which concluded in December 1965, inaugurated a reformation process in the Catholic Church that continues to this day. Grounding his discussion in the documents that came out of Vatican II, Robert Burns addresses four critical questions that face the Church largely as an outcome of this first truly global Church council.

First, Burns presents an overview of the evolving Roman Catholic understanding of Jesus Christ. He follows with an analysis of authority within the Church, a matter of some contention in today's democratic societies, and a discussion of Catholicism as a global church incorporating people and practices from many cultures. Finally, Burns examines the validity of other religions in relation to the Christian claim that salvation through Jesus is unique and final.

A readable introduction for all Catholics interested in learning more about their church, the book includes features such as chapter summaries and study questions that also make it an ideal textbook for undergraduates or parish study.

Author Notes

Robert A. Burns, O. P., chair of the Religious Studies Program at the University of Arizona

Table of Contents

Introductionp. 1
Chapter 1 Jesus in Contemporary Catholic Thoughtp. 5
Jesus: The Son of Godp. 5
The New Testamentp. 6
The Life of Jesusp. 8
The Resurrectionp. 9
Explicit Christologyp. 11
Implicit Christologyp. 12
The Early Churchp. 12
The Early Christian Periodp. 13
Christological Councilsp. 14
The Council of Nicaea (325 A.D.)p. 14
The First Council of Constantinople (381 A.D.)p. 14
The Council of Ephesus (431 A.D.)p. 15
The Council of Chalcedon (451 A.D.)p. 15
The Second Council of Constantinople (553 A.D.)p. 16
The Third Council of Constantinople (680-681 A.D.)p. 16
Christology in the Middle Agesp. 17
St. Anselm of Canterburyp. 17
St. Thomas Aquinasp. 18
Contemporary Catholic Christologyp. 19
Recent Advancesp. 19
Christology "From Above"; Christology "From Below"p. 20
The Humanity of Jesusp. 20
Other Developments in Post-Vatican II Christologyp. 23
Liberation Christologiesp. 24
Feminist Christologiesp. 24
Ecological Christologiesp. 25
The Jesus of History and the Christ of Faithp. 26
The Jesus Seminarp. 27
Catholicism and the Historical--Critical Methodp. 30
The Five Gospels of the Jesus Seminarp. 31
Four Distinctive Aspects and Critiques of Eachp. 31
Iconoclastic Translationp. 31
Color-Coding of Jesus's Sayingsp. 31
The Gospel of Thomasp. 33
Dedication to Galileo, Thomas Jefferson, and David Straussp. 34
Specific Criteria and a Critique of Eachp. 34
Compartmentalizing of Evidencep. 37
Historical Methodology and the Resurrection of Jesusp. 38
Modern Historical Research and the Jesus of Historyp. 41
Summaryp. 42
Study Questionsp. 44
Chapter 2 Authority in the Churchp. 45
The Development of Papal Authorityp. 47
The Meaning of "Collegiality": The Role of Bishopsp. 50
The Selection of Bishopsp. 54
The Priests' Council (Senate)p. 55
Pastoral Councils (Diocesan and Parish)p. 56
The Priesthoodp. 58
Priestly Celibacyp. 62
Women and the Priesthoodp. 65
The Permanent Diaconatep. 67
Religious Orders and Congregationsp. 70
The Laityp. 71
The Local Parishp. 75
Democratization of Structuresp. 78
Summaryp. 80
Study Questionsp. 82
Chapter 3 Catholicism as a Global Church: The Problem of Inculturationp. 83
Historical Examples of Inculturationp. 86
Saints Cyril and Methodiusp. 86
Matteo Ricci and the Chinese Ritesp. 88
Inculturation and Recent Church Teachingsp. 91
Pope Pius XIIp. 91
Pope John XXIIIp. 91
Vatican IIp. 92
Pope Paul VIp. 95
Pope John Paul IIp. 97
Problems Relating to Inculturationp. 98
Cultural Relativismp. 98
Canon Lawp. 100
Liberation Theology and Inculturationp. 100
Basic Christian Communities and Inculturationp. 104
Basic Christian Communitiesp. 104
Liberation Theology and Inculturationp. 107
Inculturation in the United Statesp. 110
Recent Inculturation in the United Statesp. 112
The Question of the Other: Multiculturalism in the Local Churchp. 117
Hispanics in the United Statesp. 118
Hispanic American Theologyp. 122
Summaryp. 124
Study Questionsp. 126
Chapter 4 Catholicism and the World Religionsp. 127
Earlier Attitudes Toward Other Religionsp. 127
Sacred Scripturep. 127
Traditionp. 129
New Insights into Non-Christian Religionsp. 132
The Twentieth Century and the Early Twenty-First Centuryp. 132
A Non-Christian Objectionp. 133
Salvation Historyp. 134
The Meaning of Revelationp. 136
The Traditional Understanding of Revelationp. 137
The Modern View of Revelationp. 138
Vatican II: The Church and the World Religionsp. 139
The Non-Christian Religions: Means of Salvationp. 142
Karl Rahner: The "Anonymous Christian"p. 143
Rahner's Theory: Objections and a Responsep. 149
The Church and the World Religions: The Need for Dialoguep. 152
Official Catholic Teaching Concerning Dialogue with Othersp. 153
The Importance of Dialoguep. 154
Dialogue with Judaismp. 157
Dialogue with Other Christiansp. 158
Dialogue in a Global Societyp. 160
Summaryp. 160
Study Questionsp. 162
Epiloguep. 163
Endnotesp. 165
Further Readingp. 177
Selected Bibliographyp. 183
Indexp. 195