Cover image for Environmental law
Title:
Environmental law
Author:
Jasper, Margaret C.
Personal Author:
Edition:
Second edition.
Publication Information:
Dobbs Ferry, N.Y. : Oceana Publications, 2002.
Physical Description:
xi, 192 pages ; 24 cm.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780379113648
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

This volume provides an overview of environmental law, including a discussion of important environmental issues such as: air pollution, hazardous materials and wastes, wetlands preservation, and endangered species. Efforts to bring industry into compliance with environmental mandates, including incentives available for self-auditing, are discussed. The roles of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and its subdivisions are also defined.

The Legal Almanac series serves to educate the general public on a variety of legal issues pertinent to everyday life and to keep readers informed of their rights and remedies under the law. Each volume in the series presents an explanation of a specific legal issue in simple, clearly written text, making the Almanac a concise and perfect desktop reference tool. All volumes provide state-by-state coverage. Selected state statutes are included, as are important case law and legislation, charts and tables for comparison.


Author Notes

Margaret C. Jasper is an attorney engaged in the general practice of law in South Salem, New York, concentrating in the areas of personal injury and entertainment law. Ms. Jasper holds a Juris Doctor degree from Pace University School of Law, White Plains, New York, is a member of the New York and Connecticut bars, and is certified to practice before the United States District Courts for the Southern and Eastern Districts of New York, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, and the United States Supreme Court.


Table of Contents

About the Authorp. vii
Introductionp. ix
Chapter 1 The Environmental Protection Agency
In Generalp. 1
The Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurancep. 1
Compliance Assistancep. 1
CCAR-GreenLinkp. 2
National Metal Finishing Resource Centerp. 2
ChemAlliancep. 2
Paints and Coatings Resource Centerp. 2
Federal Facilities Compliance Assistance Centerp. 2
Printed Wiring Board Resource Centerp. 2
Local Government Environmental Assistance Networkp. 3
Printers' National Environmental Assistance Centerp. 3
National Agriculture Compliance Assistance Centerp. 3
Transportation Environmental Resource Centerp. 3
Regulatory Enforcementp. 3
The Air Enforcement Divisionp. 3
The Water Enforcement Divisionp. 4
Hazardous Wastes and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Enforcement Divisionp. 4
The Toxics and Pesticides Enforcement Divisionp. 4
The Multimedia Enforcement Divisionp. 4
The Federal Facilities Enforcement Officep. 5
The National Enforcement Investigations Centerp. 5
The Criminal Investigations Divisionp. 6
The Office of Administrative Law Judgesp. 6
The Environmental Appeals Boardp. 7
Epa Complaint Hotlinesp. 7
Chapter 2 Outdoor Air Quality
In Generalp. 9
Major Outdoor Air Pollutantsp. 9
Ozonep. 9
Particulate Matterp. 10
Carbon Monoxidep. 10
Leadp. 10
Nitrogen Dioxidep. 10
Sulfur Dioxidep. 10
The Air Quality Indexp. 11
The Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.)p. 11
State Involvementp. 12
Title I Air Pollution Prevention and Controlp. 12
Title II National Emissions Standards - Mobile Sources of Pollutionp. 13
Title III Toxic Air Pollutantsp. 15
Title IV Acid Air Pollutantsp. 16
Title V Permit Programp. 16
Title VI Stratospheric Ozone and Global Climate Protectionp. 17
Title VII Enforcementp. 18
Chapter 3 Indoor Air Quality
In Generalp. 19
Sources of Indoor Air Pollutantsp. 20
Common Indoor Air Pollutantsp. 20
Radonp. 21
Environmental Tobacco Smokep. 21
Biological Contaminantsp. 22
Combustion Gases and Particlesp. 22
Organic Chemicalsp. 23
Formaldehydep. 23
Pesticidesp. 24
Asbestosp. 24
Leadp. 25
Chapter 4 Water Quality
In Generalp. 27
The Clean Water Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.)p. 27
Types of Regulated Pollutantsp. 28
Conventional Pollutantsp. 28
Toxic Pollutantsp. 28
Nonconventional Pollutantsp. 29
Major Provisions of Clean Water Actp. 29
The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination Systemp. 29
The NPDES Permit Programp. 29
The NPDES Watershed Programp. 29
The Oil Pollution Act (33 U.S.C. 2701 et seq.)p. 30
The Safe Drinking Water Actp. 31
Testing Requirementsp. 33
Common Water Contaminantsp. 33
Chapter 5 Hazardous Materials and Solid Wastes
In Generalp. 35
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.)p. 35
Emergency Responsep. 36
Non-Emergency Situationsp. 36
Early Actionp. 37
Long-Term Cleanupsp. 37
Superfund Participantsp. 38
The Technical Assistance Grant Programp. 38
Community Advisory Group Programp. 38
Costsp. 39
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.)p. 39
The Office of Underground Storage Tanks (Oust)p. 40
Federally Regulated Underground Storage Tanksp. 40
UST Releasesp. 41
Preventionp. 42
Cleanupp. 42
Detecting UST Releasesp. 42
The Office of Site Remediation Enforcementp. 43
The Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Responsep. 43
The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 136 et seq.)p. 44
The Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act (42 U.S.C. 11001 et. seq.)p. 44
Chapter 6 Biodiversity Conservation
In Generalp. 45
Wetlandsp. 45
Importance of Wetlandsp. 46
Identifying Wetlandsp. 46
Bogsp. 47
Bottomland Hardwoodsp. 47
Fensp. 48
Prairie Potholesp. 48
Vernal Poolsp. 48
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency--Wetlands Divisionp. 49
Wetland Regulation Under the Clean Water Actp. 49
The Section 404 Permit Programp. 50
Section 404 Enforcementp. 50
Administrative Enforcementp. 51
Judicial Enforcementp. 51
Criminal Enforcementp. 51
Coral Reffsp. 51
Estuariesp. 52
Effects of Acid Rainp. 53
Chapter 7 Endangered Species
In Generalp. 55
Marine Mammals Protection Actp. 56
Findings and Purposep. 56
Jurisdictionp. 56
Taking of Marine Mammalsp. 56
Marine Mammal Permits and Authorizationsp. 57
The Endangered Species Actp. 58
The United States Fish and Wildlife Servicep. 58
The National Marine Fisheries Servicep. 59
Chapter 8 Ozone Depletion
The Ozone Layerp. 61
Types of Ultraviolet (UV) Radiationp. 62
The Ultraviolet (UV) Indexp. 62
Health Effects of UV Radiationp. 62
Chapter 9 Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Gasesp. 65
Climate Impactp. 66
Health Impactp. 66
Environmental Impactp. 67
Wildlife Impactp. 67
Government Actionp. 67
Chapter 10 Children's Health and the Environment
In Generalp. 69
Legislationp. 69
National Agenda to Protect Children's Health from Environmental Threatsp. 69
Executive Orderp. 70
The EPA Office of Children's Health Protectionp. 70
Children and Air Qualityp. 70
Indoor Air Qualityp. 70
Secondhand Smokep. 71
Household Allergensp. 71
Volatile Organic Compoundsp. 71
Lead Exposurep. 71
Pesticidesp. 72
Outdoor Air Qualityp. 72
Ozonep. 73
Particulate Matterp. 73
Carbon Monoxidep. 73
Leadp. 73
Nitrogen Dioxidep. 73
Sulfur Dioxidep. 73
Children and Drinking Waterp. 74
Children and Food Pollutantsp. 74
Childhood Asthma and the Environmentp. 75
Asthma Triggersp. 75
Allergic Triggersp. 75
Non-Allergic Asthma Triggersp. 75
Childhood Asthma Statisticsp. 76
Childhood Cancer and the Environmentp. 76
Appendices
1 Table of Acronyms and Abbreviations Commonly Used in Environmental Lawp. 77
2 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency--Regional Officesp. 93
3 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Criminal Investigation Division--Regional Officesp. 95
4 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency--Departmental Hotlinesp. 99
5 Common Air Pollutantsp. 103
6 National Information Sources for Indoor Air Qualityp. 105
7 State Information Sources for Indoor Air Qualityp. 107
8 Reference Guide of Major Indoor Air Pollutants in the Homep. 117
9 State Sources for Radon Informationp. 127
10 The Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. [section] 300f et seq.)p. 135
11 Directory of Internet Addresses for State Underground Storage Tank Programsp. 169
12 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency--Wetlands Division--Regional Officesp. 173
Glossaryp. 177
Bibliography and Additional Readingp. 191